Okayama Prefecture

  (Redirected from Okayama-ken)

Okayama Prefecture (岡山県, Okayama-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region of Honshu.[1] Okayama Prefecture has a population of 1,906,464 (1 February 2018) and has a geographic area of 7,114 km² (2,746 sq mi). Okayama Prefecture borders Tottori Prefecture to the north, Hyogo Prefecture to the east, and Hiroshima Prefecture to the west.

Okayama Prefecture

岡山県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese岡山県
 • RōmajiOkayama-ken
Flag of Okayama Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Okayama Prefecture
Symbol
Location of Okayama Prefecture
Country Japan
RegionChūgoku (Sanyō)
IslandHonshu
CapitalOkayama
SubdivisionsDistricts: 10, Municipalities: 27
Government
 • GovernorRyūta Ibaragi
Area
 • Total7,114.50 km2 (2,746.92 sq mi)
Area rank17th
Population
 (February 1, 2018)
 • Total1,906,464
 • Rank21st
 • Density270/km2 (690/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-33
Websitewww.pref.okayama.jp
Symbols
BirdLesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)
FlowerPeach blossom (Prunus persica var. vulgaris)
TreeRed pine (Pinus densiflora)

Okayama is the capital and largest city of Okayama Prefecture, with other major cities including Kurashiki, Tsuyama, and Sōja.[2][3][4] Okayama Prefecture's south is located on the Seto Inland Sea coast across from Kagawa Prefecture on the island of Shikoku, which are connected by the Great Seto Bridge, while the north is characterized by the Chūgoku Mountains.

HistoryEdit

Prior to the Meiji Restoration of 1868, the area of present-day Okayama Prefecture was divided between Bitchū, Bizen and Mimasaka Provinces. Okayama Prefecture was formed and named in 1871 as part of the large-scale administrative reforms of the early Meiji period (1868–1912), and the borders of the prefecture were set in 1876.[3][5]

GeographyEdit

 
Map of Okayama Prefecture
     Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town

Okayama Prefecture borders Hyōgo Prefecture, Tottori Prefecture, and Hiroshima Prefecture.[3] It faces Kagawa Prefecture in Shikoku across the Seto Inland Sea and includes 90 islands in the sea.

Okayama Prefecture is home to the historic town of Kurashiki. Most of the population is concentrated around Kurashiki and Okayama. The small villages in the northern mountain region are aging and declining in population - more than half of the prefecture's municipalities are officially designated as depopulated.[6]

As of 1 April 2014, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Daisen-Oki and Setonaikai National Parks; the Hyōnosen-Ushiroyama-Nagisan Quasi-National Park; and seven Prefectural Natural Parks.[7]

CitiesEdit

 
Okayama City
 
Tsuyama
 
Takahashi
 
Niimi

Fifteen cities are located in Okayama Prefecture:

Towns and villagesEdit

These are the towns and villages in each district:

MergersEdit

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[8] and,[9] Okayama prefecture has had continual negative population growth since 2005

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 1,218,000—    
1930 1,284,000+5.4%
1940 1,329,000+3.5%
1950 1,661,000+25.0%
1960 1,670,000+0.5%
1970 1,707,000+2.2%
1980 1,871,000+9.6%
1990 1,926,000+2.9%
2000 1,950,828+1.3%
2010 1,945,276−0.3%
2020 1,899,739−2.3%

EducationEdit

UniversitiesEdit

High schoolsEdit

  • Okayama
    • Okayama Ichinomiya Senior High School
    • Okayama Asahi Senior High School
    • Okayama Sozan Senior High School
    • Okayama Hosen Senior High School
    • Okayama Joto Senior High School
    • Okayama Sakuyo High School[10]
    • Kurashiki High School

TransportationEdit

RailEdit

TramwaysEdit

RoadsEdit

ExpresswaysEdit

National highwaysEdit

AirportEdit

CultureEdit

  • Bizen-yaki (Bizen pottery)
  • Bizen Osafune/Bitchu Aoe swords

Association with Momotarō legendEdit

Okayama Prefecture is closely associated with the folklore hero, Momotarō. This tale is said to have roots in the legendary story of Kibitsuhiko-no-mikoto and Ura which explains that the Prince Ura of Kudara used to live in Kinojo (castle of the devil) and was a cause of trouble for the people living in the village. The emperor's government sent Kibitsuhiko-no-mikoto(Momotarō) to defeat Ura. The city of Okayama holds an annual Momotarō-matsuri, or Momotarō Festival.[4][11]

SportsEdit

The sports teams listed below are based in Okayama.

SoccerEdit

VolleyballEdit

TourismEdit

 
Okayama Korakuen Park and Okayama Castle
 
Hiruzen Plateau and Hiruzen Joyful Park in Maniwa
 
Hinase Island and Seto Inlandsea in Bizen

Some tourist attractions are:

Notable peopleEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Okayama-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 745, p. 745, at Google Books; "Chūgoku" at p. 127, p. 127, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Okayama" at p. 745, p. 745, at Google Books.
  3. ^ a b c "Okayama Prefecture". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Archived from the original on August 25, 2007. Retrieved 2012-08-01.
  4. ^ a b "岡山(県)" [Okayama Prefecture]. Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 153301537. Archived from the original on August 25, 2007. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
  5. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  6. ^ Okayama official website Archived 2013-01-02 at the Wayback Machine accessed Nov. 2007
  7. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 April 2012. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  8. ^ Okayama 1995-2020 population statistics
  9. ^ Okayama 1920-2000 population statistics
  10. ^ "岡山県作陽高等学校". www.sakuyo-h.ed.jp. Archived from the original on 11 January 2018. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  11. ^ "Okayama History". Archived from the original on 22 May 2012. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
  12. ^ "Shin Koyamada's IMDB Biography". Archived from the original on 2013-03-27.
  13. ^ "Yuko Arimori's profile".
  14. ^ "Masashi Kishimoto's Biography on TV.com". Archived from the original on 2013-08-17.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 34°42′N 133°51′E / 34.700°N 133.850°E / 34.700; 133.850