Oiva Johannes Tuulio (17 January 1878, Pyhäjärvi – 21 June 1941, Helsinki) was a Finnish linguist specializing in the Romance languages. He bore the surname Tallgren until 1933.[1]

Oiva Tuulio in the early 1920s.

Tuulio was son to provost Ivar Markus Tallgren and Jenny Maria Montin.[2] He earned his PhD in 1907, was awarded the title of docent in 1910 and served as extraordinary professor of the Southern Romance languages at the University of Helsinki from 1928 to 1941.[1] Before accepting the professorship, he had refused offers from the universities of Tartu and Riga.[3] He made study trips to Paris 1901–1902 and to Southern Europe 1903–1904, 1907–1908, 1926 and 1931.[4]

Tuulio pioneered the field of Spanish research in Finland; his PhD thesis, Estudios sobre la Gaya de Segovia (1907), was the first study about Spanish written in that language at the University of Helsinki.[1] Tuulio had to obtain permission to write it in Spanish and the defense was held in French.[5] He also studied the Arabic influence on Spanish[1] as well the status of Sicilian within the Romance family.[3] His other interests included Vulgar Latin, Italian and French. Together with his brother, archaeologist Aarne Michaёl Tallgren, he published Idrisi, la Finlande et les autres pays baltiques orientaux (1930), in which he attempted to show similarities between place names on the maps by Muhammad al-Idrisi and place names in Finland and the Baltics. He returned to this topic in his Du nouveau sur Idrisi (1936).[1]

Tuulio made an impact as a popularizer of the Spanish language and culture in Finland, as he organized cultural events and produced works aimed at a general audience, such as travel writing about Spain.[5]

He was appointed auxiliary member of the Finnish Academy of Science and Letters in 1910 and full member in 1925.[4]

Oiva Tuulio was married to writer Tyyni Tuulio since 1917. They had three sons; the eldest son was killed in the beginning of the Continuation War. Tuulio succumbed to tuberculosis in 1941. He is buried in the Hietaniemi Cemetery in Helsinki.[6][7][8]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Tuulio, Oiva". Uppslagsverket Finland (in Swedish). 2017-05-09. Retrieved 2018-08-25.
  2. ^ Kuka kukin oli. Who was who in Finland; henkilötietoja 1900-luvulla kuoleista julkisuuden suomalaisista. Helsinki. 1961. OCLC 977908104.
  3. ^ a b Hovdhaugen, Even, ed. (2000). The History of Linguistics in the Nordic Countries. Helsinki: Societas Scientiarum Fennica. p. 452. ISBN 9516533051. OCLC 46676165.
  4. ^ a b Sjöblom, Tomas (2014). "Oiva Tuulio". 375 Humanists. Faculty of Arts, University of Helsinki. Retrieved 2018-08-25.
  5. ^ a b Sjöblom, Tomas (2014). "Populariser of Spanish culture". 375 Humanists. Faculty of Arts, University of Helsinki. Retrieved 2018-08-25.
  6. ^ Kuka kukin on : Henkiloetietoja nykypolven suomalaisista. Helsinki: Otava. 1978. p. 1024. ISBN 9511047558. OCLC 535426095.
  7. ^ "Oiva Johannes Tuulio (Tallgren) | 17 Jan 1878 - 21 Jun 1941". BillionGraves. Retrieved 2018-08-26.
  8. ^ "Kirjavisa: Tyyni Tuulio suomensi vielä yli 90-vuotiaana". Demokraatti (in Finnish). 2015-12-04. Retrieved 2019-12-31.