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Oil Creek (Allegheny River tributary)

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Oil Creek is a 46.7-mile (75.2 km) tributary of the Allegheny River in Venango and Crawford counties in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. It has a drainage area of 319 square miles (830 km2) and joins the Allegheny at Oil City. Attractions along the river include the Drake Well Museum and Oil Creek State Park. The stream was named after the oil that was found along its banks before the historic oil strike by Edwin Drake in Titusville, which Oil Creek flows through. Oil Creek is popular with canoeists and fishers. The creek is rated as a beginners creek for those interested in learning how to safely use canoes and kayaks. Oil Creek is a cold water fishery with bass and trout living in its waters.

Oil Creek
Oilcreekview.jpg
Jersey bridge bridge spanning Oil Creek
Oil Creek (Allegheny River tributary) is located in Pennsylvania
Oil Creek (Allegheny River tributary)
Location of the mouth of Oil Creek in Pennsylvania
Oil Creek (Allegheny River tributary) is located in the United States
Oil Creek (Allegheny River tributary)
Oil Creek (Allegheny River tributary) (the United States)
Etymology"oil"
Location
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountiesCrawford, Venango
Physical characteristics
Source 
 ⁃ locationCanadohta Lake, Crawford County, Pennsylvania
 ⁃ coordinates41°48′30″N 79°50′31″W / 41.80833°N 79.84194°W / 41.80833; -79.84194[1]
 ⁃ elevation1,389 ft (423 m)[2]
MouthAllegheny River
 ⁃ location
Oil City, Venango County, Pennsylvania
 ⁃ coordinates
41°25′54″N 79°42′33″W / 41.43167°N 79.70917°W / 41.43167; -79.70917Coordinates: 41°25′54″N 79°42′33″W / 41.43167°N 79.70917°W / 41.43167; -79.70917[1]
 ⁃ elevation
985 ft (300 m)[3]
Length46.7 mi (75.2 km)[3]
Basin size319 sq mi (830 km2)[3]
Discharge 
 ⁃ average601.55 cu ft/s (17.034 m3/s) at mouth with Allegheny River[4]
Basin features
Progressionroughly south
River systemAllegheny River
Tributaries 
 ⁃ leftEast Shreve Run
Bloomfield Run
East Branch Oil Creek
Thompson Creek
Church Run
Pine Creek
Cherry Run
 ⁃ rightWest Shreve Run
Mosey Run
Marsh Run
Benninghof Run
Cherrytree Run
Cornplanter Run
Oil Creek State Park Railroad Bridge


WatershedEdit

TributariesEdit

Tributaries of Oil Creek (Allegheny River tributary)
Name, Bank River Mile (km)[5] Watershed Area in Square Miles (km2)[6] Average Discharge[6] Mouth Coordinates[7] Mouth Elevation[8] Source Coordinates[7] Source Elevation[8] Remarks
Mouth 319 square miles (830 km2) 601.55 cu ft/s (17.034 m3/s) 41°48′30″N 079°50′31″W / 41.80833°N 79.84194°W / 41.80833; -79.84194 1,000 ft (300 m) 41°06′51″N 79°48′15″W / 41.11417°N 79.80417°W / 41.11417; -79.80417 1,400 ft (430 m) Oil Creek begins at Canadohta Lake in Crawford County and then follows a southerly path into Venango County where it meets the Allegheny River at Oil City, Pennsylvania.
Cornplanter Run, right bank 1.18 mi (1.90 km) 3.26 square miles (8.4 km2) 5.99 cu ft/s (0.170 m3/s) 41°26′39″N 079°41′55″W / 41.44417°N 79.69861°W / 41.44417; -79.69861 1,005 ft (306 m) 41°28′24″N 079°44′03″W / 41.47333°N 79.73417°W / 41.47333; -79.73417 1,480 ft (450 m) Cornplanter Run rises about 1.5 miles north of Oil City, Pennsylvania and then flows southeast to meet Oil Creek just upstream of Oil City.
Cherry Run, left bank 3.26 mi (5.25 km) 12.82 square miles (33.2 km2) 22.94 cu ft/s (0.650 m3/s) 41°28′04″N 079°41′34″W / 41.46778°N 79.69278°W / 41.46778; -79.69278 1,030 ft (310 m) 41°33′50″N 079°37′56″W / 41.56389°N 79.63222°W / 41.56389; -79.63222 1,550 ft (470 m) Cherry Run rises about 0.5 miles southwest of East Shamburg, Pennsylvania and flows southwest to meet Oil Creek just west of Rouseville, Pennsylvania.
Cherrytree Run, right bank 4.24 mi (6.82 km) 16.94 square miles (43.9 km2) 30.45 cu ft/s (0.862 m3/s) 41°28′52″N 079°41′41″W / 41.48111°N 79.69472°W / 41.48111; -79.69472 1,048 ft (319 m) 41°34′41″N 079°42′29″W / 41.57806°N 79.70806°W / 41.57806; -79.70806 1,540 ft (470 m) Cherrytree Run rises about 0.5 miles west of Toonerville, Pennsylvania and then flows south to meet Oil Creek at Rynd Farm, Pennsylvania.
Benninghof Run, right bank 7.86 mi (12.65 km) 2.86 square miles (7.4 km2) 5.41 cu ft/s (0.153 m3/s) 41°33′57″N 079°41′01″W / 41.56583°N 79.68361°W / 41.56583; -79.68361 1,070 ft (330 m) 41°33′45″N 079°41′22″W / 41.56250°N 79.68944°W / 41.56250; -79.68944 1,560 ft (480 m) Benninghof Run rises about 0.5 miles southeast of Toonerville, Pennsylvania and then flows southeast to meet Oil Creek just upstream of Petroleum Center, Pennsylvania.
Pine Creek, left bank 17.50 mi (28.16 km) 85.68 square miles (221.9 km2) 151.0 cu ft/s (4.28 m3/s) 41°37′05″N 079°39′10″W / 41.61806°N 79.65278°W / 41.61806; -79.65278 1,150 ft (350 m) 41°42′54″N 079°30′56″W / 41.71500°N 79.51556°W / 41.71500; -79.51556 1,670 ft (510 m) Pine Creek rises near Excelsior Corners, Pennsylvania in Warren County and then flows southwesterly to meet Oil Creek just downstream of Titusville, Pennsylvania.
Church Run, left bank 18.18 mi (29.26 km) 4.03 square miles (10.4 km2) 7.64 cu ft/s (0.216 m3/s) 41°37′26″N 079°39′40″W / 41.62389°N 79.66111°W / 41.62389; -79.66111 1,150 ft (350 m) 41°40′13″N 079°39′46″W / 41.67028°N 79.66278°W / 41.67028; -79.66278 1,565 ft (477 m) Church Run rises about 2 miles north of Titusville, Pennsylvania and then flows south to meet Oil Creek at Titusville.
Thompson Creek, left bank 22.74 mi (36.60 km) 35.92 square miles (93.0 km2) 66.43 cu ft/s (1.881 m3/s) 41°38′55″N 079°43′54″W / 41.64861°N 79.73167°W / 41.64861; -79.73167 1,240 ft (380 m) 41°40′32″N 079°33′12″W / 41.67556°N 79.55333°W / 41.67556; -79.55333 1,600 ft (490 m) Thompson Creek rises about 0.5 miles E of Shelmadine Springs and then flows southwest to meet Oil Creek at Hydetown, Pennsylvania.
Marsh Run, right bank 27.64 mi (44.48 km) 8.78 square miles (22.7 km2) 16.43 cu ft/s (0.465 m3/s) 41°41′05″N 079°46′59″W / 41.68472°N 79.78306°W / 41.68472; -79.78306 1,250 ft (380 m) 41°43′30″N 079°48′12″W / 41.72500°N 79.80333°W / 41.72500; -79.80333 1,600 ft (490 m) Marsh Run rises near McGinnet Corners, Pennsylvania and then flows southeast to meet Oil Creek at Tryonville, Pennsylvania.
East Branch Oil Creek, left bank 32.86 mi (52.88 km) 59.81 square miles (154.9 km2) 110.1 cu ft/s (3.12 m3/s) 41°44′05″N 079°45′59″W / 41.73472°N 79.76639°W / 41.73472; -79.76639 1,287 ft (392 m) 41°49′29″N 079°41′07″W / 41.82472°N 79.68528°W / 41.82472; -79.68528 1,441 ft (439 m) East Branch Oil Creek starts at Clear Lake in Spartansburg, Pennsylvania and then flows generally southwest to meet Oil Creek at Centerville, Pennsylvania.
Bloomfield Run, left bank 37.16 mi (59.80 km) 9.98 square miles (25.8 km2) 19.09 cu ft/s (0.541 m3/s) 41°46′41″N 079°47′35″W / 41.77806°N 79.79306°W / 41.77806; -79.79306 1,310 ft (400 m) 41°49′41″N 079°48′37″W / 41.82806°N 79.81028°W / 41.82806; -79.81028 1,560 ft (480 m) Bloomfield Run rises in Bloomfield Township, Pennsylvania and then flows southeast to meet Oil Creek at Riceville, Pennsylvania.
Mosey Run, right bank 40.58 mi (65.31 km) 8.58 square miles (22.2 km2) 16.85 cu ft/s (0.477 m3/s) 41°47′43″N 079°50′26″W / 41.79528°N 79.84056°W / 41.79528; -79.84056 1,370 ft (420 m) 41°51′04″N 079°54′49″W / 41.85111°N 79.91361°W / 41.85111; -79.91361 1,580 ft (480 m) Mosey Run rises near the Erie County line about 1 mile northeast of Sturgis Corners, Pennsylvania. It then flows southeasterly to meet Oil Creek at Lincolnville, Pennsylvania.
East Shreve Run, left bank 42.24 mi (67.98 km) 3.03 square miles (7.8 km2) 6.10 cu ft/s (0.173 m3/s) 41°49′00″N 079°50′00″W / 41.81667°N 79.83333°W / 41.81667; -79.83333 1,389 ft (423 m) 41°51′39″N 079°50′26″W / 41.86083°N 79.84056°W / 41.86083; -79.84056 1,575 ft (480 m) East Shreve Run rises in Union Township, Erie County and then flows south to Lake Canadohta, which is considered the start of Oil Creek.
West Shreve Run, right bank 42.42 mi (68.27 km) 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2) 7.65 cu ft/s (0.217 m3/s) 41°49′09″N 079°50′18″W / 41.81917°N 79.83833°W / 41.81917; -79.83833 1,389 ft (423 m) 41°51′22″N 079°53′09″W / 41.85611°N 79.88583°W / 41.85611; -79.88583 1,630 ft (500 m) West Shreve Run rises south of Hinckley Corners and flows south to Lake Canadohta, which is considered the start of Oil Creek.


See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Oil Creek". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. August 2, 1979. Retrieved March 23, 2010.
  2. ^ "Canadohta Lake Topo Map, Crawford County PA (Lake Canadohta Area)". TopoZone. Locality, LLC. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  3. ^ a b c Shaw, L. C.; W. F. Busch (June 1984). Pennsylvania Gazetteer of Streams, Part II. Water Resources Bulletin. 16. Prepared in Cooperation with the United States Department of the Interior Geological Survey. Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania Department of Forest and Waters. p. 270.
  4. ^ "Oil Creek Watershed Report". Waters geoviewer. US EPA. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
  5. ^ "Pennsylvania Gazetteer of Streams" (PDF). PA DEP and US Geological Survey. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
  6. ^ a b "ArcGIS Web Application". epa.maps.arcgis.com. US EPA. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
  7. ^ a b "GNIS Feature Search". geonames.usgs.gov. US Geological Survey. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
  8. ^ a b "Oil Creek Topo Map, Venango County PA (Oil City Area)". TopoZone. Locality, LLC. Retrieved 24 August 2019.

External linksEdit