Ofis Publik ar Brezhoneg
The Public Office for the Breton Language (Breton: Ofis Publik ar Brezhoneg; French: Office Public de la langue bretonne) was established on 15 October 2010 as a public institution, with state and regional cooperation and funding, to promote and develop teaching and use of the Breton language in daily life. It is an example of language revival efforts for minority languages in France.
One of its missions is to collect and distribute socio-linguistic data, in order to approach language revival with a basis in science and facts. It must collect data on the Breton language (Arsellva ar brezhoneg) and publish it, and advise communes on bilingual signage and place names.
It supports TermBret, the cooperative terminology service which publishes glossaries. In addition, it assists individuals, administrations and businesses who want to use the Breton language. (From 1 July 1999 to September 15, 1999, 42 administrations, associations or companies have made an appealed to the national government to allow use of Breton as an official language.)
It was established to replace the Ofis ar Brezhoneg/Office de la langue bretonne, created on 1 May 1999 by the Region of Brittany. That office had a similar mission and worked mostly to promote use of Breton in daily life. In 2001 it initiated Ya d'ar brezhoneg (French: Oui au breton, English: Yes to Breton), an effort to encourage businesses to adopt use of Breton and provide bilingual resources, as well as to encourage communes to establish bilingual signs and tourist materials.
Finance and organisationEdit
The Office is now an Établissement public de coopération culturelle, a public institution run by a board of directors. They represent local authorities and the French state. It is presided over by Lena Louarn, a councillor elected in the Regional Council of Brittany. The Office is based in Carhaix, where its director Fulup Jakez works. The Observatory of the Breton Language (l'Observatoire de la langue bretonne), led by the deputy director Olier ar Mogn, is located in Rennes.
Before October 2010, the OPB was an independent regional association, led by Lena Louarn between 1999 and 2010. Its budget of €1 million was primarily funded by the Brittany Region.
The Office participates in the promotion of Breton courses for adults. It has published data on participation in and centers for Breton courses for adults:
In the year 1998-1999, 9,300 adults followed a course (e.g. evening courses, correspondence). Of those, 1,200 were in Upper Brittany (550 in Ille-et-Vilaine and 462 in Loire-Atlantique). At the time, a total of 165 organizations organised evening courses in Brittany and 28 outside Brittany (of the latter, 15 are in the region of Paris).
- Cornish Language Partnership (Keskowethyans an Taves Kernewek) — a comparable body for the Cornish language.
- Welsh Language Commissioner (Comisiynydd y Gymraeg) — a Welsh Government officer with responsibility for enforcing Welsh-language policy.
- Foras na Gaeilge — an all-Ireland board for the Irish language.
- Bòrd na Gàidhlig — a comparable body for Scottish Gaelic.
- Coonceil ny Gaelgey — a comparable body for the Manx language.
- Loire-Atlantique was part of Brittany until 1941. Some Bretons want Loire-Atlantique to be reattached to Brittany.
- (in French and Breton) http://www.brezhoneg.bzh/