Official culture is the culture that receives social legitimation or institutional support in a given society. Official culture is usually identified with bourgeoisie culture. For revolutionary Guy Debord, official culture is a "rigged game", where conservative powers forbid subversive ideas to have direct access to the public discourse, and where such ideas are integrated only after being trivialized and sterilized.
A widespread observation is that a great talent has a free spirit. For instance Pushkin, regarded by some scholars as Russia's first great writer, infuriated Russian officialdom and particularly the Tsar, since
instead of being a good servant of the state in the rank and file of the administration and extolling conventional virtues in his vocational writings (if write he must), composed extremely arrogant and extremely independent and extremely wicked verse in which a dangerous freedom of thought was evident in the novelty of his versification, in the audacity of his sensual fancy, and in his propensity for making fun of major and minor tyrants.
- ^ Lewis (1992) p.31
- ^ Foster (1995) p.vii
- ^ Debord (1957) pp.2, 10
- ^ a b Vladimir Nabokov (1981) Lectures on Russian Literature, lecture on Russian Writers, Censors, and Readers, pp.13-4
- Lisa A. Lewis (1992) The Adoring audience: fan culture and popular media. Published by Routledge, 1992 ISBN 0-415-07821-0, ISBN 978-0-415-07821-4, 245 pages.
- Guy Debord (1957) Report on the Construction of Situations. Paris.
- Hal Foster Postmodern Culture By. Pluto Press. ISBN 0-7453-0003-0, ISBN 978-0-7453-0003-0