Office of Inspector General (United States)

  (Redirected from Office of Inspector General)

In the United States, Office of Inspector General (OIG) is a generic term for the oversight division of a federal or state agency aimed at preventing inefficient or unlawful operations within their parent agency. Such offices are attached to many federal executive departments, independent federal agencies, as well as state and local governments. Each office includes an inspector general (or I.G.) and employees charged with identifying, auditing, and investigating fraud, waste, abuse, embezzlement and mismanagement of any kind within the executive department.

HistoryEdit

In the United States, other than the military departments, the first Office of Inspector General (OIG) was established by act of Congress in 1976[1] under the Department of Health and Human Services, to fight waste, fraud and abuse in Medicare, Medicaid, and more than 100 other HHS programs.[2] With approximately 1,600 employees, the DHSS-OIG performs audits, investigations, and evaluations, to establish policy recommendations for decision-makers and the public.[3]

In 1981, Ronald Reagan fired 16 inspectors general when he became president, with his administration explaining that Reagan intended to hire his own people. After Congress objected, Reagan rehired 5 of the fired inspectors general.[4]

In 1989, George H. W. Bush also attempted to dismiss all the inspectors general upon becoming president, but after the inspectors general and Congress objected, Bush relented.[4]

In 2009, President Barack Obama dismissed Corporation for National and Community Service inspector general Gerald Walpin citing a lack of confidence in him.[4] After Congress objected to the lack of explanation, the Obama administration cited that Walpin had shown "troubling and inappropriate conduct", and pointed to an incident that year where Walpin was "disoriented" during a board meeting of the Corporation, which led to the board asking for Walpin's dismissal.[4] Walpin sued for a reinstatement, but the courts ruled against Walpin.[4]

In 2020, President Donald Trump dismissed or replaced five inspectors general within six weeks. Two permanent inspectors general were dismissed, and three acting inspectors general were replaced.[5] Just after firing intelligence inspector general Michael Atkinson, Trump criticized Atkinson as having done a "terrible job": "took a fake report and he brought it to Congress", in reference to the whistleblower complaint of the Trump–Ukraine scandal, which was actually largely verified by other testimony and evidence. Trump also described Atkinson as "not a big Trump fan".[6][7] Around a month before Trump replaced Christi Grimm as acting health inspector general, he had called her report of U.S. hospitals having shortages of medical supplies during the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States as "wrong", "fake", and "her opinion", despite the report being based on a survey of 323 hospitals. Trump also questioned Grimm's motives for writing the report.[8][9]

DescriptionEdit

Federal offices of inspectors generalEdit

The Inspector General Act of 1978[10] created 12 departmental inspectors general. Thirty years later, in October 2008, the Inspector General Reform Act of 2008 added IGs in various other areas. As of July 2014, there were 72 statutory IGs.[11]

The offices employ special agents (criminal investigators, often armed) and auditors. In addition, federal offices of inspectors general employ forensic auditors, or "audigators," evaluators, inspectors, administrative investigators, and a variety of other specialists. Their activities include the detection and prevention of fraud, waste, abuse, and mismanagement of the government programs and operations within their parent organizations. Office investigations may be internal, targeting government employees, or external, targeting grant recipients, contractors, or recipients of the various loans and subsidies offered through the thousands of federal domestic and foreign assistance programs.[12] The Inspector General Reform Act of 2008[13] (IGRA) amended the 1978 act[10] by increasing pay and various powers and creating the Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency (CIGIE).[14][15]

 
Example of an OIG report, from the DoD OIG[a]

Some inspectors general, the heads of the offices, are appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate.[18] For example, both the inspector general of the U.S. Department of Labor and the inspector general of the U.S. Agency for International Development are presidentially appointed. The remaining inspectors general are designated by their respective agency heads,[19] such as the U.S. Postal Service inspector general.[20] Presidentially appointed IGs can only be removed, or terminated, from their positions by the President of the United States, whereas designated inspectors general can be terminated by the agency head.[21] However, in both cases Congress must be notified of the termination, removal, or reassignment.

While the IG Act of 1978[10] requires that inspectors general be selected based upon their qualifications and not political affiliation, presidentially appointed inspectors general are considered political appointees and are often selected, if only in part and in addition to their qualifications, because of their political relationships and party affiliation. An example of the role political affiliation plays in the selection of an inspector general, and the resulting pitfalls, can be seen in the 2001 Republican appointment (and resignation under fire) of Janet Rehnquist[22] (daughter of former Chief Justice of the United States, William Rehnquist) to the post of inspector general for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.[23]

While all of the federal offices of inspectors general operate separately from one another, they share information and some coordination through the Council of Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency.[24] As of 2010, the CIGIE comprised 68 offices.[25] In addition to their inspector general members, the CIGIE includes non-inspector general representatives from the federal executive branch, such as executives from the Office of Management and Budget, the Office of Personnel Management, the Office of Government Ethics, the Office of Special Counsel, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The CIGIE also provides specialized training to the inspector general community.

Further evidence of coordination between federal offices of inspectors general can be seen by the public through the offices' shared website,[26] and the use of shared training facilities and resources, such as the Inspector General Criminal Investigator Academy (IGCIA),[27] and their Inspector General Community Auditor Training Team (IGCATS),[28] which are hosted by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC).

Evidence of the offices' return on investment to taxpayers can be seen through their semi-annual reports to Congress, most of which are available on each office's website.[29]

Since the post-9/11 enactment of the Homeland Security Act of 2002,[30] resulting in the amendment of the IG Act of 1978, Section 6e, most presidentially appointed IG special agents have had full law enforcement authority to carry firearms, make arrests, and execute search warrants. Prior to this time, most presidentially appointed IG and some designated IG special agents had the equivalent law enforcement authorities as a result of other statutes or annually required deputation by the U.S. Marshals Service. The 2002 amendment to the IG Act of 1978 made most deputation of presidentially appointed IG special agents unnecessary. Some designated IG special agents, however, still have full law enforcement authority today by virtue of this continued deputation. Some OIGs employ no criminal investigators and rely solely on administrative investigators, auditors, and inspectors.

Inspectors generalEdit

Presidentially-appointed inspectors generalEdit

Jurisdiction Officeholder Term Start Website
Agency for International Development (AID-OIG) Ann Calvaresi Barr November 30, 2015 AID-OIG
Department of Agriculture (USDA-OIG) Phyllis Fong December 2, 2002 USDA-OIG
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA-OIG) Christine Ruppert (acting) July 2018 CIA-OIG
Department of Commerce (DOC-OIG) Peg Gustafson January 9, 2017 DOC-OIG
Corporation for National and Community Service (CNCS-OIG) Deborah Jeffrey July 19, 2012 CNCS-OIG
Department of Defense (DOD-OIG) Sean O'Donnell (acting) April 6, 2020 DOD-OIG
Department of Education (ED-OIG) Sandra Bruce (acting) December 1, 2018 DOED-OIG
Department of Energy (DOE-OIG) Teri Donaldson January 23, 2019 DOE-OIG
Environmental Protection Agency and Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (EPA-OIG) Sean O'Donnell January 27, 2020 EPA-OIG
Export-Import Bank (EIB-OIG) Jennifer Fain (acting) August 3, 2019 EIB-OIG
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC-OIG) Jay Lerner January 9, 2017 FDIC-OIG
Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA-OIG) Laura Wertheimer September 17, 2014 FHFA-OIG
General Services Administration (GSA-OIG) Carol Fortine Ochoa July 29, 2015 GSA-OIG
Department of Health and Human Services (HHS-OIG) Christi Grimm (acting) December 27, 2019 HHS-OIG
Department of Homeland Security (DHS-OIG) Joseph V. Cuffari July 25, 2019 DHS-OIG
Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD-OIG) Rae Oliver Davis January 23, 2019 HUD-OIG
Intelligence Community (ICIG) Thomas Monheim (acting) April 3, 2020 ICIG
Department of the Interior (DOI-OIG) Mark Greenblatt August 26, 2019 DOI-OIG
Internal Revenue Service (TIGTA) Russell George December 12, 2004 TIGTA
Department of Justice (DOJ-OIG) Michael E. Horowitz April 16, 2012 DOJ-OIG
Department of Labor (DOL-OIG) Larry Turner (acting) June 21, 2020 DOL-OIG
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA-OIG) Paul Martin November 20, 2009 NASA-OIG
Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC-OIG) David Lee (acting) December 31, 2018 NRC-OIG
Office of Personnel Management (OPM-OIG) Norbert Vint (acting) February 19, 2016 OPM-OIG
Railroad Retirement Board (RRB-OIG) Martin Dickman October 14, 1994 RRB-OIG
Small Business Administration (SBA-OIG) Mike Ware January 9, 2017
Acting: January 9, 2017 – May 24, 2018
SBA-OIG
Social Security Administration (SSA-OIG) Gail Ennis January 29, 2019 SSA-OIG
Department of State and the Agency for Global Media (DOS-OIG) Stephen Akard (acting) May 15, 2020 DOS-OIG
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA-OIG) Jill Matthews (acting) September 21, 2017 TVA-OIG
Department of Transportation and National Transportation Safety Board (DOT-OIG) Skip Elliott (acting) May 16, 2020 DOT-OIG
Department of the Treasury (Treasury OIG) Rich Delmar (acting) June 30, 2019 Treasury OIG
Department of Veterans Affairs (VA-OIG) Michael Missal May 2, 2016 VA-OIG

Vacancies and pending nominationsEdit

Announced nominations for unfilled PAS IGs awaiting confirmation in the Senate.[31]

Office Last confirmed Vacancy date Nominee Nomination date
Export-Import Bank Osvaldo Gratacós June 27, 2014 Peter Coniglio October 15, 2019
Central Intelligence Agency David Buckley January 31, 2015 Peter Thompson April 6, 2020
Department of Defense Jon Rymer January 9, 2016 Jason Abend April 6, 2020
Office of Personnel Management Patrick McFarland February 19, 2016 Craig Leen February 12, 2019
Tennessee Valley Authority Richard Moore September 22, 2017 Katherine Crytzer April 6, 2020
Department of Education Kathleen Tighe December 3, 2018 Andrew De Mello April 6, 2020
Nuclear Regulatory Commission Hubert Bell December 31, 2018 TBD
Department of Health and Human Services Daniel Levinson June 1, 2019 Jason Weida May 1, 2020
Department of the Treasury Eric Thorson June 30, 2019 TBD
Federal Communications Commission David Hunt
Currently DFE
January 28, 2020 John Johnson January 28, 2020
Department of Transportation Calvin Scovel February 1, 2020 Eric Soskin May 15, 2020
Intelligence Community Michael Atkinson May 3, 2020[32] Allen Souza TBD
Department of State and the Agency for Global Media Steve Linick June 14, 2020[32] TBD
Department of Labor Scott Dahl June 21, 2020 TBD

List of presidentially-appointed inspectors generalEdit

PAS IG History[33]
Afghanistan Reconstruction (Special)
Officeholder Term Start
Arnold Fields June 12, 2008
Herbert Richardson (acting) February 5, 2011
John Sopko July 2, 2012
Agency for International Development
Officeholder Term Start
Herbert Beckington September 1, 1977
Jeffrey Rush August 26, 1994
Everett Mosley August 2, 1999
Acting: August 2, 1999 – December 15, 2000
James Ebbitt (acting) September 4, 2004
Bruce Crandlemire (acting) March 4, 2005
Paula Hayes (acting) October 4, 2005
Donald Gambatesa January 17, 2006
Michael Carroll (acting) October 16, 2011
Catherine Trujillo (acting) January 1, 2015
Ann Calvaresi Barr November 30, 2015
Department of Agriculture
Officeholder Term Start
Lester Condon July 19, 1962
Nathaniel Kossack May 1969
Position abolished January 9, 1974
Thomas McBride October 25, 1977
Robert Magee (Acting) January 27, 1981
John Graziano July 31, 1981
Robert Beuley August 11, 1986
Leon Snead December 26, 1988
Acting: December 26, 1988 – August 1, 1990
Charles Gillum (Acting) January 1993
Roger Viadero October 14, 1994
Joyce Fleischman (Acting) October 3, 2001
Phyllis Fong December 2, 2002
Central Intelligence Agency
Officeholder Term Start
John Waller July 1976
Charles Briggs January 1980
James Taylor September 1982
John Stein July 1984
Carroll Hauver December 23, 1985
William Donnelly January 18, 1988
Acting: January 18, 1988 – December 1, 1989
Frederick Hitz November 13, 1990
Dawn Ellison (acting) May 1, 1998
Britt Snider August 3, 1998
Rebecca Donegan (acting) January 22, 2001
George Clarke (acting) January 14, 2002
John Helgerson April 26, 2002
Patricia Lewis (acting) March 21, 2009
David Buckley October 6, 2010
Christopher Sharpley (acting) February 1, 2015
Christine Ruppert (Acting) July 2018
Department of Commerce
Officeholder Term Start
Guy Chamberlin (Acting) October 1, 1978
Mary Bass July 9, 1979
Frederic Heim (Acting) January 21, 1981
Sherman Funk October 2, 1981
Frank DeGeorge April 21, 1987
Acting: April 21, 1987 – April 18, 1988
Johnnie Frazier January 7, 1998
Acting: January 7, 1998 – July 20, 1999
Elizabeth Barlow (acting) June 7, 2007
Todd Zinser December 26, 2007
Morgan Kim (acting) June 4, 2015
Peg Gustafson January 9, 2017
Corporation for National and Community Service
Officeholder Term Start
Judith Denny (Acting) April 4, 1994
Luise Jordan October 6, 1994
Terry Bathen (Acting) February 24, 2002
Russell George July 29, 2002
Carol Bates (Acting) December 12, 2004
Gerald Walpin January 8, 2007
Kenneth Bach (Acting) July 12, 2009
Deborah Jeffrey July 19, 2012
Department of Defense
Officeholder Term Start
Joseph Sherick April 20, 1981
On leave: June 1985 – June 3, 1986
Derek Vander Schaaf (Acting) June 1985
June Gibbs Brown November 13, 1987
Derek Vander Schaaf (Acting) October 20, 1989
Susan Crawford November 28, 1989
Derek Vander Schaaf (Acting) November 19, 1991
Eleanor Hill March 1, 1995
Donald Manusco (Acting) May 3, 1999
Robert Lieberman (Acting) January 4, 2001
Joe Schmitz April 2, 2002
Thomas Gimble (Acting) September 12, 2005
Mick Kicklighter April 30, 2007
Gordon Heddell July 14, 2008
Acting: July 14, 2008 – July 14, 2009
Lynne Halbrooks (Acting) December 25, 2011
Jon Rymer September 17, 2013
Glenn Fine (Acting) January 14, 2016
Sean O'Donnell (Acting) April 6, 2020
Department of Education
Officeholder Term Start
John Yazurlo (Acting) May 4, 1980
James Thomas August 26, 1980
John Yazurlo (Acting) January 27, 1981
James Thomas July 27, 1981
Gretchen Schwarz (Acting) March 4, 1995
John Higgins (Acting) April 3, 1995
Thomas Bloom January 3, 1996
Steve McNamara (Acting) January 1, 1998
John Higgins (Acting) March 1, 1998
Lorraine Pratte Lewis June 14, 1999
John Higgins May 27, 2002
Acting: May 27, 2002 – November 27, 2002
Mary Mitchelson (Acting) July 1, 2008
Kathleen Tighe March 17, 2010
Sandra Bruce December 1, 2018
Department of Energy
Officeholder Term Start
Joseph Seltzer (Acting) October 1, 1977
Kenneth Mansfield May 24, 1978
James Wright (Acting) January 22, 1981
James Richards September 23, 1981
John Layton January 6, 1986
Gregory Friedman January 5, 1998
Acting: January 5, 1998 – October 21, 1998
Rickey Hass (Acting) October 3, 2015
April Stephenson (Acting) January 2019
Teri Donaldson January 23, 2019
Environmental Protection Agency
Officeholder Term Start
Malcolm Stringer (Acting) November 1, 1978
Inez Smith Reid December 9, 1979
Ernest Bradley (Acting) January 25, 1981
Matthew Novick October 14, 1981
Charles Dempsey (Acting) February 24, 1983
Donald Kirkendall (Acting) June 13, 1983
John Martin October 27, 1983
Nikki Tinsley January 4, 1997
Acting: January 4, 1997 – November 9, 1998
Bill Roderick (Acting) March 6, 2006
Arthur Elkins June 25, 2010
Chuck Sheehan (Acting) October 12, 2018
Sean O'Donnell January 27, 2020
Export-Import Bank
Officeholder Term Start
Michael Tankersley August 6, 2007
Osvaldo Gratacós October 31, 2009
Acting: October 31, 2009 – October 15, 2010
Mike McCarthy (Acting) June 27, 2014
Terry Settle (Acting) September 2017
Parisa Salehi (Acting) August 2018
Jennifer Fain (Acting) August 3, 2019
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
Officeholder Term Start
James Renick (Acting) March 8, 1993
Gaston Gianni April 29, 1996
Patricia Black (Acting) January 1, 2005
Jon Rymer June 22, 2006
Fred Gibson (Acting) September 17, 2013
Jay Lerner January 9, 2017
Federal Emergency Management Agency
Officeholder Term Start
Russell Miller August 4, 1990
William Partridge (Acting) May 1, 1994
George Opfer November 7, 1994
Richard Skinner (Acting) November 30, 2002
Federal Housing Finance Agency
Officeholder Term Start
Steve Linick September 29, 2010
Michael Stephens (Acting) September 30, 2013
Laura Wertheimer October 28, 2014
General Services Administration
Officeholder Term Start
Kurt Muellenberg April 11, 1979
Michael Eberhardt (Acting) January 21, 1981
Brian Bruh (Acting) March 3, 1981
Joseph Sickon August 5, 1981
Charles Gillum (Acting) August 5, 1984
William Barton November 19, 1985
Joel Gallay (Acting) June 4, 2001
Daniel Levinson August 9, 2001
Joel Gallay (Acting) June 9, 2005
Brian Miller August 9, 2005
Robert Erickson (Acting) May 1, 2014
Carol Fortine Ochoa July 29, 2015
Department of Health and Human Services
Officeholder Term Start
Thomas Morris February 19, 1977
Richard Lowe (Acting) September 1, 1979
Brian Mitchell (Acting) January 1, 1981
Richard Kusserow June 1, 1981
Brian Mitchell (Acting) July 1, 1992
June Gibbs Brown November 5, 1993
Michael Mangano (Acting) January 4, 2001
Janet Rehnquist August 8, 2001
Dara Corrigan (Acting) June 2, 2003
Daniel Levinson September 13, 2004
Acting: September 13, 2004 – June 9, 2005
Joanne Chiedi (Acting) May 31, 2019
Christi Grimm (Acting) December 27, 2019
Department of Homeland Security
Officeholder Term Start
Clark Ervin January 24, 2003
Acting: January 24, 2003 – December 26, 2003
Richard Skinner December 8, 2004
Acting: December 8, 2004 – July 28, 2005
Charles Edwards (Acting) February 27, 2011
Carlton Mann (Acting) December 17, 2014
John Roth March 10, 2014
John Kelly (Acting) December 1, 2017
Jennifer Costello (Acting) June 10, 2019
Joseph Cuffari July 25, 2019
Department of Housing and Urban Development
Officeholder Term Start
Charles Haynes January 31, 1972
Charles Dempsey May 24, 1975
James Thomas August 31, 1975
Charles Dempsey October 1, 1977
Paul Adams (Acting) January 21, 1981
Charles Dempsey August 5, 1981
Paul Adams (Acting) February 25, 1983
Charles Dempsey June 14, 1983
Paul Adams (Acting) February 4, 1985
John Connors (Acting) March 1, 1992
Susan Gaffney August 6, 1993
James Heist (Acting) June 4, 2001
David Williams (Acting) July 16, 2001
Kenneth Donohue May 20, 2002
Michael Stephens (Acting) October 2010
David Montoya December 1, 2011
Helen Albert (Acting) July 2017
Rae Oliver Davis January 23, 2019
Intelligence Community
Officeholder Term Start
Charles McCullough November 7, 2011
Michael Atkinson May 17, 2018
On leave: April 3, 2020 – May 3, 2020
Thomas Monheim (Acting) April 3, 2020
Department of the Interior
Officeholder Term Start
William Kendig (Acting) October 17, 1978
June Brown May 10, 1979
Richard Mulberry July 14, 1981
Robert Beuley (Acting) October 1, 1981
Arthur Dellinger (Acting) October 26, 1984
Robert Beuley (Acting) May 2, 1985
Thomas Sheehan (Acting) September 8, 1985
James Richards January 6, 1986
Joyce Fleischman (Acting) April 1, 1993
Wilma Lewis April 10, 1995
Robert Williams (Acting) January 8, 1998
Richard Reback (Acting) July 1, 1998
Eljay Bowron November 2, 1998
Robert Williams (Acting) March 29, 1999
Earl Devaney August 5, 1999
On leave: February 23, 2009 – December 31, 2011
Mary Kendall (Acting) February 23, 2009
Mark Greenblatt August 26, 2019
Internal Revenue Service
Officeholder Term Start
Lawrence Rogers (Acting) January 18, 1999
David Williams May 17, 1999
Pamela Gardiner (Acting) August 24, 2002
Russell George December 12, 2004
Department of Justice
Officeholder Term Start
Anthony Moscato (Acting) April 14, 1989
Richard Hankinson June 25, 1990
Michael Bromwich June 9, 1994
Robert Ashbaugh (Acting) August 16, 1999
Glenn Fine August 10, 2000
Acting: August 10, 2000 – December 15, 2000
Cynthia Schnedar (Acting) January 29, 2011
Michael Horowitz April 16, 2012
Department of Labor
Officeholder Term Start
Rocco De Marco (Acting) October 23, 1978
Marjorie Fine Knowles May 18, 1979
Ronald Goldstock (Acting) May 2, 1980
Frank Yeager (Acting) February 1, 1981
Thomas McBride July 18, 1981
Robert McGee (Acting) October 16, 1982
Brian Hyland March 23, 1983
Acting: March 23, 1983 – August 4, 1983
Raymond Maria (Acting) September 3, 1989
Julian De La Rosa August 6, 1990
Charles Masten March 20, 1993
Acting: March 20, 1993 – November 20, 1993
Patricia Dalton (Acting) January 3, 2000
Gordon Heddell January 2, 2001
Daniel Petrole (Acting) July 15, 2008
Scott Dahl October 16, 2013
Larry Turner (Acting) June 21, 2020
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Officeholder Term Start
Robert Allnut (Acting) October 1, 1978
Eldon Taylor August 1, 1979
Brian Hyland (Acting) December 1, 1980
June Gibbs Brown June 14, 1981
Bill Colvin October 17, 1985
Lewis Rinker (Acting) September 4, 1994
Roberta Gross August 15, 1995
Frank LaRocca (Acting) March 3, 2002
Robert Cobb April 22, 2002
Thomas Howard (Acting) April 11, 2009
Paul Martin November 20, 2009
National Reconnaissance Office
Officeholder Term Start
Susan Gibson September 26, 2016
National Security Agency
Officeholder Term Start
Russell Decker (Acting) December 2016
Robert Storch January 11, 2018
Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Officeholder Term Start
David Williams November 22, 1989
Leo Norton (Acting) September 1, 1995
Hubert Bell July 8, 1996
David Lee (Acting) December 31, 2018
Pandemic Recovery (Special)
Officeholder Term Start
Brian Miller June 5, 2020
Office of Personnel Management
Officeholder Term Start
Patrick Conklin March 1, 1987
Joseph Willever (Acting) April 16, 1989
Patrick McFarland August 9, 1990
Norbert Vint (Acting) February 19, 2016
Railroad Retirement Board
Officeholder Term Start
William Doyle January 14, 1986
Charles Sekerak (Acting) April 8, 1994
Martin Dickman October 14, 1994
Resolution Trust Corporation
Officeholder Term Start
John Adair April 1, 1990
Small Business Administration
Officeholder Term Start
Raymond Randolph (Acting) October 12, 1978
Paul Boucher July 1, 1979
Raymond Randolph (Acting) January 21, 1981
Paul Boucher July 21, 1981
Raymond Randolph (Acting) July 5, 1982
Mary Wieseman May 10, 1983
Raymond Randolph (Acting) September 7, 1986
Charles Gillum April 7, 1987
Daniel Peyser (Acting) August 19, 1990
James Hoobler April 18, 1991
Karen Lee (Acting) December 1, 1997
Phyllis Fong April 6, 1999
Peter McClintock (Acting) December 2, 2002
Harold Damelin April 21, 2003
Peter McClintock (Acting) April 4, 2005
Eric Thorson April 2006
Peter McClintock (Acting) August 12, 2008
Peg Gustafson October 2, 2009
Mike Ware January 9, 2017
Acting: January 9, 2017 – May 24, 2018
Social Security Administration
Officeholder Term Start
June Gibbs Brown March 31, 1995
David Williams January 4, 1996
James Huse June 22, 1998
Patrick O’Carroll March 7, 2004
Acting: March 7, 2004 – November 29, 2004
Gale Stallworth Stone (Acting) May 29, 2016
Gail Ennis January 29, 2019
Department of State
Officeholder Term Start
Raymond Miller March 1, 1954 – October 31, 1960
Gerald Drew November 13, 1960 – May 31, 1962
Norris Haselton June 10, 1962 – July 31, 1964
Fraser Wilkins July 23, 1964 – August 8, 1971
Thomas McElhiney July 1, 1971 – July 18, 1973
Jim Sutterlin October 15, 1973
Robert Yost (Acting) September 1, 1974
William Schaufele August 22, 1975
Robert Sayre November 24, 1975
Brandon Grove (Acting) May 1, 1978
Ted Eliot July 5, 1978 – October 16, 1978
Robert Brewster January 14, 1979 – January 21, 1981
Robert Brown January 21, 1981 – June 30, 1983
Acting: January 21, 1981 – July 7, 1981
William Harrop December 12, 1983
Acting: November 15, 1983 – August 16, 1985
Bryon Hollingsworth (Acting) August 27, 1986
Sherman Funk August 14, 1987
Rocky Suddarth (Acting) February 15, 1994
Harold Geisel (Acting) June 12, 1994
Jacquelyn Williams-Bridgers April 7, 1995
Anne Sigmund (Acting) February 4, 2001
Clark Ervin August 3, 2001
Anne Sigmund (Acting) January 24, 2003
Anne Patterson (Acting) September 28, 2003
John Lange (Acting) August 3, 2004
Cameron Hume (Acting) August 23, 2004
Howard Krongard May 2, 2005
Harold Geisel (Acting) January 16, 2008
Steve Linick September 30, 2013
On leave: May 15, 2020 – June 14, 2020
Stephen Akard (Acting) May 15, 2020
Tennessee Valley Authority
Officeholder Term Start
Richard Chambers (Acting) December 1, 2000
Donald Hickman (Acting) January 26, 2002
Richard Moore May 9, 2003
Jill Matthews (Acting) September 21, 2017
Department of Transportation
Officeholder Term Start
Frenk Sato May 10, 1979
Joseph Genovese (Acting) January 22, 1981
Joseph Welsch July 18, 1981
Joseph Genovese (Acting) January 1, 1986
John Melchner October 12, 1986
Raymond DeCarli (Acting) January 1, 1990
Mary Schiavo October 31, 1990
Mario Lauro (Acting) July 8, 1996
Joyce Fleischman (Acting) August 12, 1996
Kenneth Mead May 29, 1997
Todd Zinser (Acting) February 11, 2006
Calvin Scovel October 27, 2006
Mitch Behm (Acting) February 1, 2020
Skip Elliott (Acting) May 16, 2020
Department of the Treasury
Officeholder Term Start
Leon Wigrizer August 18, 1978
Eugene Essner (Acting) February 1, 1981
Paul Trause August 12, 1981
Emily Marwell (Acting) February 26, 1984
John Layton September 9, 1984
Michael Hill April 6, 1986
Acting: April 6, 1986 – April 16, 1989
Robert Cesca (Acting) June 1, 1989
Donald Kirkendall November 22, 1989
Robert Cesca (Acting) January 21, 1993
Valerie Lau October 11, 1994
Richard Calahan (Acting) February 9, 1998
David Williams October 26, 1998
Lawrence Rogers (Acting) May 17, 1999
Jeffrey Rush July 30, 1999
Dennis Schindel (Acting) April 3, 2004
Harold Damelin April 4, 2005
Dennis Schindel (Acting) April 30, 2007
Eric Thorson August 12, 2008
Rich Delmar (Acting) June 30, 2019
Troubled Assets Relief Program (Special)
Officeholder Term Start
Neil Barofsky December 8, 2008
Christy Romero April 1, 2011
Acting: April 1, 2011 – February 1, 2012
U.S. Information Agency
Officeholder Term Start
Anthony Gabriel July 2, 1987
George Murphy August 6, 1990
Terence Shea (Acting) May 1, 1993
Marian Bennet November 28, 1993
Department of Veterans Affairs
Officeholder Term Start
John Williams (Acting) November 9, 1977
Allan Reynolds May 1, 1979
Morris Silverstein (Acting) January 21, 1981
Frank Sato July 31, 1981
Renald Morani January 1, 1988
Stephen Trodden August 4, 1990
William Merriman (Acting) January 3, 1996
Richard Griffin November 11, 1997
Jon Wooditch (Acting) June 22, 2005
George Opfer November 17, 2005
Richard Griffin (Acting) January 1, 2014
Linda Halliday (Acting) July 6, 2015
Michael Missal May 2, 2016

Designated federal entity inspectors generalEdit

Jurisdiction Officeholder Term Start Website
Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC-OIG) Phillip Heneghan February 19, 2020 ARC-OIG
Committee for Purchase from People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled (CPPBSD-OIG) Thomas Lehrich May 2017 CPPBSD-OIG
Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC-OIG) Roy Lavik October 7, 1990 CFTC-OIG
Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC-OIG) Christopher Dentel January 9, 2003
Acting: January 9, 2003 – January 10, 2004
CPSC-OIG
Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB-OIG) Kimberly Howell October 7, 2019 CPB-OIG
Denali Commission (DC-OIG) Roderick Fillinger 2014 Denali OIG
Election Assistance Commission (EAC-OIG) Patricia Layfield February 22, 2016 EAC-OIG
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC-OIG) Milton Mayo January 1, 2010
Acting: January 1, 2010 – June 22, 2011
EEOC-OIG
Farm Credit Administration (FCA-OIG) Wendy Laguarda August 1, 2017 FCA-OIG
Federal Communications Commission (FCC-OIG) David Hunt June 5, 2009
Acting: June 5, 2009 – January 10, 2011
FCC-OIG
Federal Election Commission (FEC-OIG) Christopher Skinner August 5, 2019 FEC-OIG
Federal Labor Relations Authority (FLRA-OIG) Dana Rooney August 30, 2010 FLRA-OIG
Federal Maritime Commission (FMC-OIG) Jon Hatfield August 12, 2013
Acting: August 12, 2013 – May 18, 2014
FMC-OIG
Federal Reserve Board and Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (FRB-OIG) Mark Bialek July 25, 2011 FRB-OIG
Federal Trade Commission (FTC-OIG) Andrew Katsaros June 8, 2018
Acting: June 8, 2018 – November 2018
FTC-OIG
International Development Finance Corporation (DFC-OIG) Vacant January 2, 2020
International Trade Commission (USITC-OIG) Rhonda Turnbow (Acting) March 1, 2020 USITC-OIG
Legal Services Corporation (LSC-OIG) Jeffrey Schanz March 3, 2008 LSC-OIG
National Archives and Records Administration (NARA-OIG) James Springs September 12, 2012
Acting: September 12, 2012 – March 23, 2015
NARA-OIG
National Credit Union Administration (NCUA-OIG) Jim Hagen June 1, 2013 NCUA-OIG
National Endowment for the Arts (NEA-OIG) Ron Stith June 13, 2016 NEA-OIG
National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH-OIG) Laura Davis January 30, 2011
Acting: January 30, 2011 – December 17, 2012
NEH-OIG
National Labor Relations Board (NLRB-OIG) David Berry November 23, 2008 NLRB-OIG
National Railroad Passenger Corporation Kevin Winters February 1, 2019 Amtrak OIG
National Science Foundation (NSF-OIG) Allison Lerner April 27, 2009 NSF-OIG
Peace Corps (PC-OIG) Kathy Buller May 25, 2008 PC-OIG
Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC-OIG) Nicholas Novak (Acting) April 27, 2020 PBGC-OIG
Postal Regulatory Commission (PRC-OIG) Jack Callender June 25, 2007 PRC-OIG
Postal Service (USPS-OIG) Tammy Whitcomb February 19, 2016
Acting: February 19, 2016 – November 29, 2018
USPS-OIG
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC-OIG) Carl Hoecker February 11, 2013 SEC-OIG
Smithsonian Institution (SI-OIG) Cathy Helm July 14, 2014 SI-OIG

List of DFE IGsEdit

DFE IG History[34][35]
Appalachian Regional Commission
Officeholder Term Start
Hubert Sparks October 2, 1989
Clifford Jennings April 8, 2002
Hubert Sparks April 18, 2011
Philip Heneghan February 19, 2020
Architect of the Capitol
Officeholder Term Start
Carol Bates August 18, 2008
Kevin Mulshine September 8, 2013
Thomas Lehrich (Acting) December 2016
Christopher Failla April 17, 2017
Capitol Police
Officeholder Term Start
Carl Hoecker July 10, 2006
Fay Ropella February 11, 2013
Acting: February 11, 2013 – August 11, 2013
Michael Bolton March 30, 2018
Acting: March 30, 2018 – January 20, 2019
Committee for Purchase from People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled
Officeholder Term Start
Thomas Lehrich May 2017
Commodity Futures Trading Commission
Officeholder Term Start
Nancy Wentzler September 24, 1989
Donald Smith (Acting) June 17, 1990
Roy Lavik October 7, 1990
Consumer Product Safety Commission
Officeholder Term Start
Thomas Stein April 7, 1989
Acting: April 7, 1989 – January 19, 1990
Mary Wyles August 2, 1998
Acting: August 2, 1998 – February 7, 1999
Christopher Dentel January 9, 2003
Acting: January 9, 2003 – January 10, 2004
Corporation for Public Broadcasting
Officeholder Term Start
Lester Latney April 17, 1989
Joe Arvizu February 16, 1997
Frederick Lau (Acting) May 26, 1998
Kenneth Konz November 9, 1998
Mary Mitchelson June 3, 2013
William Richardson (Acting) April 26, 2019
Kimberly Howell October 7, 2019
Denali Commission
Officeholder Term Start
Michael Marsh December 22, 2006
David Sheppard (Acting) May 28, 2014
Roderick Fillinger 2014
Election Assistance Commission
Officeholder Term Start
Roger LaRouche (Acting) August 9, 2005
Curtis Crider August 24, 2006
Roger LaRouche (Acting) September 30, 2015
Patricia Layfield February 22, 2016
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
Officeholder Term Start
William Miller January 4, 1989
Aletha Brown February 6, 1995
Acting: February 6, 1995 – July 28, 1996
Milton Mayo January 1, 2010
Acting: January 1, 2010 – June 22, 2011
Farm Credit Administration
Officeholder Term Start
Eldon Stoehr January 22, 1989
Elizabeth Dean (Acting) December 16, 2000
Stephen Smith January 12, 2001
Elizabeth Dean (Acting) June 16, 2005
Carl Clinefelter July 10, 2005
Elizabeth Dean January 4, 2013
Acting: January 4, 2013 – June 19, 2013
Wendy Laguarda August 1, 2017
Federal Communications Commission
Officeholder Term Start
John Kamp (Acting) April 13, 1989
James Warwick October 23, 1989
Acting: October 23, 1989 – June 13, 1991
Walker Feaster November 13, 1994
Acting: November 13, 1994 – April 14, 1996
Kent Nilsson January 6, 2006
Acting: January 6, 2006 – May 28, 2006
David Hunt June 5, 2009
Acting: June 5, 2009 – January 10, 2011
Federal Election Commission
Officeholder Term Start
Craig Crooks (Acting) April 17, 1989
Lynne McFarland February 11, 1990
Cameron Thurber (Acting) March 1, 2017
Vacant November 9, 2018
Tony Baptiste (Acting) May 22, 2019
Christopher Skinner August 5, 2019
Federal Labor Relations Authority
Officeholder Term Start
Paul Miller September 24, 1989
John Zielinski (Acting) April 15, 1994
William Tobey (Acting) April 30, 1994
John Suszko (Acting) May 23, 1994
William Tobey (Acting) October 30, 1994
Robert Andary May 7, 1995
William Tobey (Acting) July 20, 1997
Francine Eichler February 22, 1998
Charlie Center (Acting) January 3, 2010
Dana Rooney August 30, 2010
Federal Maritime Commission
Officeholder Term Start
Tony Kominoth February 26, 1989
Bridgette Hicks (Acting) March 3, 2005
Adam Trzeciak April 16, 2006
Dana Rooney (Acting) January 22, 2013
Jon Hatfield August 12, 2013
Acting: August 12, 2013 – May 18, 2014
Federal Reserve Board
Officeholder Term Start
Brent Bowen July 20, 1987
Barry Snyder June 1, 1998
Beth Coleman May 6, 2007
Mark Bialek July 25, 2011
Federal Trade Commission
Officeholder Term Start
Frederick Zirkel June 6, 1989
Adam Trzeciak (Acting) February 1, 2005
Howard Sribnick May 30, 2005
John Seeba January 7, 2008
Scott Wilson August 13, 2012
Kelly Tshibaka (Acting) June 1, 2014
Roslyn Mazer March 29, 2015
Andrew Katsaros June 8, 2018
Acting: June 8, 2018 – November 2018
Government Accountability Office
Officeholder Term Start
Francis Garcia January 19, 1986
Cathy Helm (Acting) December 29, 2012
Adam Trzeciak January 13, 2013
Government Publishing Office
Officeholder Term start
Joyce Blaylock March 10, 1985
Victor Bouril (acting) June 16, 1990
Lewis Small May 7, 1995
Thomas Muldoon (acting) January 6, 1997
Robert Andary November 9, 1997
Andrew Killgore (acting) February 7, 2003
Marc Nichols March 17, 2003
Greg Brower October 3, 2004
Anthony Ogden October 1, 2006
Michael Raponi November 21, 2011
Stephen Roy (acting) April 2018
Melinda Miguel July 12, 2018
James Ives (acting) January 8, 2019
Mike Leary April 24, 2019
House of Representatives
Officeholder Term start
John Lainhart November 14, 1993 – March 31, 1999
Steve McNamara March 13, 2000 – May 30, 2005
James Cornell March 2, 2006 – January 2, 2010
Terry Grafenstine January 2, 2010 – September 2017
Acting: January 2, 2010 – July 30, 2010
Michael Ptasienski September 2017 – present
Acting: September 2017 – February 15, 2018
International Development Finance Corporation
Officeholder Term start
TBD
International Trade Commission
Officeholder Term start
Jane Altenhofen April 17, 1989
Dev Jagadesan (acting) May 30, 1999
Kenneth Clark July 15, 2001
Jean Smith (acting) November 1, 2005
Vacant March 12, 2006
Jean Smith (acting) August 19, 2007
Vacant December 20, 2007
Judith Gwynn (acting) January 6, 2008
Antonio Baptiste (acting) August 17, 2009
Philip Heneghan December 6, 2009
Rhonda Turnbow (acting) March 1, 2020
Iraq Reconstruction (Special)
Officeholder Term start
Stuart Bowen January 20, 2004
Legal Services Corporation
Officeholder Term start
David Wilkinson September 5, 1989
Robert Holliday (Acting) September 6, 1991
Edouard Quatrevaux September 17, 1991
Leonard Koczur (Acting) December 2, 2000
Kirt West September 1, 2004
Dutch Merryman (Acting) September 16, 2007
Jeffrey Schanz March 3, 2008
Library of Congress
Officeholder Term Start
Karl Schornagel March 12, 2001
Kurt Hyde July 28, 2014
National Archives and Records Administration
Officeholder Term Start
Lawrence Oberg April 16, 1989
Debra Guentzel (Acting) November 9, 1992
Roberta Gross (Acting) January 10, 1993
Floyd Justice June 1, 1993
Robert Taylor (Acting) July 23, 1995
Kelly Sisario March 18, 1996
Ralph McNamara (Acting) July 4, 1999
Paul Brachfeld December 19, 1999
James Springs September 12, 2012
Acting: September 12, 2012 – March 23, 2015
National Credit Union Administration
Officeholder Term Start
Joan Perry March 23, 1989
Frank Thomas September 8, 1992
William DeSarno (Acting) July 8, 2002
Herbert Yolles October 21, 2002
William DeSarno April 1, 2005
Jim Hagen June 1, 2013
National Endowment for the Arts
Officeholder Term Start
Leon Lilly April 9, 1989
Edward Johns October 15, 1995
Acting: October 15, 1995 – March 31, 1996
Daniel Shaw January 14, 2001
Acting: January 14, 2001 – March 25, 2001
Tonie Jones March 17, 2008
Michael Binder (Acting) December 28, 2015
Ron Stith June 13, 2016
National Endowment for the Humanities
Officeholder Term Start
Sheldon Bernstein April 12, 1989
Laura Davis January 30, 2011
Acting: January 30, 2011 – December 17, 2012
National Labor Relations Board
Officeholder Term Start
Bernard Levine November 7, 1989
John Higgins (Acting) July 25, 1994
Robert Allen September 23, 1996
Acting: September 23, 1996 – March 21, 1997
Aileen Armstrong May 18, 1998
Jane Altenhofen May 30, 1999
Vacant December 21, 2007
David Berry November 23, 2008
National Railroad Passenger Corporation
Officeholder Term Start
Fred Weiderhold April 3, 1989
Lorraine Green (Acting) June 17, 2009
Ted Alves November 5, 2009
Tom Howard February 4, 2014
Kevin Winters February 1, 2019
National Science Foundation
Officeholder Term Start
Linda Sundro April 30, 1989
Philip Sunshine (Acting) April 12, 1998
Christine Boesz January 18, 2000
Allison Lerner April 27, 2009
Panama Canal Commission
Officeholder Term Start
John Mathis April 16, 1989
Peter Liehr December 15, 1989
William Forbes January 4, 1997
Victor Diamond January 4, 1998
Peace Corps
Officeholder Term Start
Gerard Roy January 23, 1989
John Hale (Acting) February 14, 1992
Michael Hill May 31, 1992
Michael Tully (Acting) February 9, 1993
Jeffrey Rush (Acting) February 21, 1993
Deborah Holt Kirk March 6, 1994
Charles Maddox April 30, 1995
Acting: April 30, 1995 – January 3, 1996
Charles Smith July 6, 1997
Acting: July 6, 1997 – August 2, 1998
David Kotz January 6, 2006
Kathy Buller May 25, 2008
Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation
Officeholder Term Start
Wayne Poll April 24, 1989
Deborah Stover-Springer (Acting) June 1, 2002
Robert Emmons January 16, 2003
Deborah Stover-Springer (Acting) October 3, 2007
Rebecca Batts April 30, 2008
Deborah Stover-Springer (Acting) October 3, 2013
Bob Westbrooks May 2015
Nicholas Novak (Acting) April 27, 2020
Postal Regulatory Commission
Officeholder Term Start
Jack Callender June 25, 2007
Postal Service
Officeholder Term Start
Charles Clauson October 18, 1988
Kenneth Hunter September 5, 1992
Karla Corcoran January 4, 1997
David Williams August 20, 2003
Tammy Whitcomb February 19, 2016
Acting: February 19, 2016 – November 29, 2018
Securities and Exchange Commission
Officeholder Term start
Walter Stachnik March 12, 1989
Nelson Egbert (acting) August 6, 2007
David Kotz December 5, 2007
Noelle Maloney (acting) January 30, 2012
Jon Rymer (acting) May 31, 2012
Carl Hoecker February 11, 2013
Smithsonian Institution
Officeholder Term start
John Fawsett (acting) April 17, 1989
Thomas Blair June 3, 1990
Debra Ritt March 7, 2005
Sprightley Ryan June 11, 2006
Acting: 2006–2007
Scott Dahl January 15, 2012
Cathy Helm July 14, 2014
Tennessee Valley Authority
Officeholder Term start
Norman Zigrossi January 25, 1986
George Prosser (acting) April 16, 1992
William Hinshaw May 4, 1992
George Prosser April 1, 1994
Robert Thompson (acting) August 22, 1999
George Prosser March 18, 2000

Special inspectors generalEdit

Jurisdiction Officeholder Term start Website
Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR) John Sopko July 2, 2012 SIGAR
Pandemic Recovery (SIGPR) Brian Miller June 5, 2020
Troubled Asset Relief Program (SIGTARP) Christy Romero April 1, 2011
Acting: April 1, 2011 – February 1, 2012
SIGTARP

Legislative agency inspectors generalEdit

Jurisdiction Officeholder Term start Website
Architect of the Capitol (AOC-OIG) Christopher Failla April 17, 2017 AOC-OIG
Capitol Police (USCP-OIG) Michael Bolton March 30, 2018
Acting: March 30, 2018 – January 20, 2019
USCP-OIG
Government Accountability Office (GAO-OIG) Adam Trzeciak January 13, 2013 GSA-OIG
Government Publishing Office (GPO-OIG) Mike Leary April 24, 2019 GPO-OIG
House of Representatives Michael Ptasienski October 2017
Acting: October 2017 – February 15, 2018
House IG
Library of Congress (LOC-OIG) Kurt Hyde July 14, 2014 LOC-OIG

U.S. militaryEdit

Within the United States Armed Forces, the position of inspector general is normally part of the personal staff serving a general or flag officer in a command position. The inspector general's office functions in two ways. To a certain degree they are ombudsmen for their branch of service. However, their primary function is to ensure the combat readiness of subordinate units in their command.

An armed services inspector general also investigates noncriminal allegations and some specific criminal allegations, to include determining if the matter should be referred for criminal investigation by the service's criminal investigative agency.

The Air Force Inspector General Complaints Program was established to address the concerns of Air Force active duty, reserve, and Guard members, civilian employees, family members, and retirees, as well as the interest of the Air Force. One of the first responsibilities of the Air Force inspector general is to operate a credible complaints program that investigates personnel complaints: Fraud, Waste, and Abuse (FWA) allegations; congressional inquiries; and issues involving the Air Force mission. Personnel complaints and FWA disclosures to the IG help commanders correct problems that affect the productivity, mission accomplishment, and morale of assigned personnel, which are areas of high concern to Air Force leaders at all levels.[36]

Jurisdiction Officeholder Term start Website
United States Air Force (USAF-OIG) Sami Said February 2019 USAF-OIG
United States Army (USA-OIG) Les Smith March 12, 2018 USA-OIG
Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA-OIG) Kristi Waschull July 13, 2014 DIA-OIG
National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA-OIG) Cardell Richardson NGA-OIG
National Reconnaissance Office (NRO-OIG) Susan Gibson September 26, 2016 NRO-OIG
National Security Agency and Central Security Service (NSA-OIG) Robert Storch January 11, 2018 NSA-OIG
United States Navy (USN-OIG) Richard Snyder August 1, 2018 USN-OIG

FormerEdit

Review boardsEdit

Stark Law and Anti-Kickback Statute enforcementEdit

The DHSS-OIG develops and distributes resources to assist the health care industry in its efforts to comply with the nation's fraud and abuse laws and to educate the public about fraudulent schemes so they can protect themselves and report suspicious activities.[2]

In recent years, the DHSS-OIG has made an effort to target hospitals and healthcare systems for Stark Law and Anti-Kickback Statute violations pertaining to the management of physician compensation arrangements.[37] In 2015, a fraud alert was issued to publicize the OIG's intent to further regulate such non-compliance.[38] In light of such efforts and consequent record-breaking settlements, healthcare experts have begun to call for the transition from paper-based physician time logging and contract management to automated solutions.[39]

CriticismEdit

Inspectors general have also been criticized for being ineffective and persecuting whistleblowers rather than protecting them. One example is from the Securities and Exchange Commission OIG. In a 2011 article by Matt Taibbi, SEC whistleblowers said that complaining to the SEC OIG was "well-known to be a career-killer."[40] Another example is from whistleblower Jesselyn Radack's book Canary in the Coalmine, in which she describes her experience complaining to the Department of Justice OIG; instead of helping her, the IG office helped the DOJ get her fired and restricted from practicing as a lawyer.[41] Another example is from the Thomas Andrews Drake case, in which several complainants to the Department of Defense OIG over NSA's Trailblazer Project were later raided by the FBI and some threatened with criminal prosecution.[42]

See alsoEdit

Explanatory notesEdit

  1. ^ Redacted version of the DoD Inspector General audit, obtained through the Freedom of Information Act by the Project on Government Oversight and others.[16][17]

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Pub.L. 94–505
  2. ^ a b "About DHSS-OIG". oig.hhs.gov.
  3. ^ "Overview of the Inspectors General 1978-Present" (PDF). ignet.gov. Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency.
  4. ^ a b c d e Kirby, Jen (May 28, 2020). "Trump's purge of inspectors general, explained". Vox. Retrieved June 11, 2020.
  5. ^ Quinn, Melissa (May 19, 2020). "The internal watchdogs Trump has fired or replaced". CBS News. Retrieved June 11, 2020.
  6. ^ Baker, Peter (April 4, 2020). "Trump Proceeds With Post-Impeachment Purge Amid Pandemic". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 5, 2020. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
  7. ^ Cook, Nancy (June 11, 2020). "Sideshow Don: Trump pursues a non-virus agenda". Politico. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
  8. ^ Stracqualursi, Veronica (May 2, 2020). "Trump names his pick for HHS inspector general after criticizing acting official over coronavirus report". CNN. Retrieved June 11, 2020.
  9. ^ Robertson, Lori. "The HHS Inspector General Report". Factcheck.org. Retrieved June 11, 2020.
  10. ^ a b c "Inspector General Act of 1978" (PDF). ignet.gov. Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 18, 2011.
  11. ^ https://www.ignet.gov/sites/default/files/files/IG_Authorities_Paper_-_Final_6-11-14.pdf
  12. ^ "Federal domestic and foreign assistance programs". Archived from the original on January 16, 2004.
  13. ^ "Inspector General Reform Act of 2008". ignet.gov. Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency. Archived from the original on November 24, 2010.
  14. ^ "Stimulus Bill and Strings: Massive Federal Spending Will Be Accompanied by Increased Inspectors General Oversight and Investigations". Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP.
  15. ^ "H.R.928 - Improving Government Accountability Act". Archived from the original on April 30, 2010 – via OpenCongress.
  16. ^ Schwellenbach, Nick (June 22, 2011). "POGO Obtains Pentagon Inspector General Report Associated With NSA Whistleblower Tom Drake". pogo.typepad.com. Project on Government Oversight.
  17. ^ Radack, Jesselyn (June 11, 2011). "Too Classified to Try Myth in Failed Drake Prosecution". DailyKos.
  18. ^ "Inspector General Historical Data – Federal Departments" (PDF). ignet.gov. Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency. May 17, 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 13, 2009.
  19. ^ "ECIE Members". ignet.gov. Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency. Archived from the original on March 24, 2005.
  20. ^ "Home Page". www.uspsoig.gov. USPS Office of Inspector General. Archived from the original on March 29, 2012. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
  21. ^ "Executive Order 12805 – Integrity and Efficiency in Federal Programs". ignet.gov. Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency. May 11, 1992. Archived from the original on March 5, 2005.
  22. ^ Margasak, Larry. "HHS Chief Janet Rehnquist Will Resign". phillyburbs.com. The Associated Press. Archived from the original on March 24, 2005.
  23. ^ "Office of Inspector General - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services". oig.hhs.gov.
  24. ^ "President's Council on Integrity and Efficiency – Executive Council on Integrity and Efficiency". ignet.gov. Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency. Archived from the original on March 5, 2005.
  25. ^ "President's Council on Integrity and Efficiency Members". ignet.gov. Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency. Archived from the original on March 5, 2005.
  26. ^ "IGNET - Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency". ignet.gov. Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency.
  27. ^ "Inspector General Criminal Investigator Academy". ignet.gov. Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency. Archived from the original on December 10, 2008.
  28. ^ "Inspector General Community Auditor Training". ignet.gov. Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency. Archived from the original on December 10, 2008.
  29. ^ "Inspector General Directory/Homepages". ignet.gov. Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency. Archived from the original on March 8, 2005.
  30. ^ "Homeland Security Act of 2002" (PDF).
  31. ^ "Inspector General Vacancy Tracker". Project on Government Oversight. May 5, 2020.
  32. ^ a b After the removal announcement is made by Trump, the incumbent IG is put on leave for 30 days before formally leaving office.
  33. ^ "Inspector General Historical Data Appointed by the President and Confirmed by the Senate" (PDF). ignet.gov. Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency. July 25, 2017.
  34. ^ "Inspector General Historical Data DFE and Legislative Branch Members" (PDF). Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency.
  35. ^ "Office of the House of Representatives Inspector General" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. November 15, 2018 – via Federational of American Scientists.
  36. ^ Nicolls, Boone (2007). Airman's Guide. Stackpole Books. p. 135. ISBN 978-0-8117-3397-7.
  37. ^ Ellison, Ayla (January 8, 2015). "4 trends in the current Stark Law enforcement climate". Becker's Hospital Review.
  38. ^ "Fraud Alert: Physician Compensation Arrangements May Result in Significant Liability" (PDF). Department of Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General. June 9, 2015.
  39. ^ Peace, Gail. "Why it takes 60 minutes or less to find a Stark Law violation at a hospital". Becker's Hospital Review.
  40. ^ Taibbi, Matt (August 17, 2011). "Is the SEC Covering Up Wall Street Crimes?". Rolling Stone.
  41. ^ Radack, Jesselyn (2006). Canary in the Coalmine. ISBN 1-4276-0974-8.
  42. ^ Mayer, Jane (May 2011). "The Secret Sharer". The New Yorker.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit