Oettingen in Bayern

Oettingen in Bayern is a town in the Donau-Ries district, in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany. It is situated 29 km (18 mi) northwest of Donauwörth, and 14 km (8.7 mi) northeast of Nördlingen.

Oettingen in Bayern
Aerial view
Aerial view
Coat of arms of Oettingen in Bayern
Coat of arms
Location of Oettingen in Bayern within Donau-Ries district
Oettingen in Bayern in DON.svg
Oettingen in Bayern is located in Germany
Oettingen in Bayern
Oettingen in Bayern
Oettingen in Bayern is located in Bavaria
Oettingen in Bayern
Oettingen in Bayern
Coordinates: 48°57′N 10°35′E / 48.950°N 10.583°E / 48.950; 10.583Coordinates: 48°57′N 10°35′E / 48.950°N 10.583°E / 48.950; 10.583
Admin. regionSwabia
Municipal assoc.Oettingen in Bayern
Subdivisions5 Stadtteile
 • MayorPetra Wagner (CSU)
 • Total34.21 km2 (13.21 sq mi)
419 m (1,375 ft)
 • Total5,151
 • Density150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
Dialling codes09082
Vehicle registrationDON, NÖ
County (Principality) of Oettingen

Grafschaft (Fürstentum) Oettingen
Coat of arms of Oettingen
Coat of arms
1744 map of the County of Oettingen
1744 map: Ö-Spielberg (north, pink); Ö-Oettingen (southeast, pale yellow); Ö-Wallerstein (midwest, yellow-orange); Ö-Baldern (west, blue-green).
StatusState of the Holy Roman Empire
CapitalOettingen in Bayern
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• First documentary mention
• Partitioned
1418, 1442 and 1485 1147
• Partitioned to Ö-Oettingen and Ö-Wallerstein
• Ö-Wallerstein partitioned to create Ö-Baldern and Ö-Spielberg
• Ö-Oettingen extinct to Ö-Spielberg and Ö-Wallerstein
• Ö-Spielberg and Ö-Wallerstein raised to principalities
1734 and 1774
• Ö-Baldern extinct, to Ö-Wallerstein
1798 1806
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Duchy of Swabia
Kingdom of Bavaria


The town is located on the river Wörnitz, a tributary of the Danube, and lies on the northern edge of the Nördlinger Ries, a meteorite crater 25 km (16 mi) in diameter.

The town consists of the municipalities of Erlbach, Heuberg, Lehmingen, Niederhofen, Nittingen and Oettingen.


The Oettinger Brewery, which make Germany's best-selling brand of beer, has its main brewery and headquarters in Oettingen.


Neolithic remains indicate that the region was already settled by around 5000 BC. Archaeologists have also discovered the remains of a Bronze Age settlement and a Roman village.

The old town centre has a highly unusual aspect; while the eastern side of the main street and market place is baroque, the western side is half-timbered. From 1522 to 1731, the town was split between the Protestant house of Oettingen-Oettingen and the Roman Catholic house of Oettingen-Wallerstein, which built the baroque facades. As well as one side of the street being Protestant and the other side being Catholic, one side used the Julian calendar, and the other side used the Gregorian calendar.[2] Each side also had its own synagogue.

Unlike nearby Dinkelsbühl, which survived World War II unscathed, Oettingen was severely damaged on 23 February 1945 by an Allied bombing raid, part of Operation Clarion, in which 48 aircraft dropped some 500 bombs on the town, killing 199 persons.[3]

Culture and points of interestEdit

The Marktplatz in July 2009

Schloss OettingenEdit

The Oettingen Castle, home to the Princes of Oettingen-Spielberg, is in the center of the city.

Königsturm (King's Tower)Edit

The tower of the lower gate, the so-called King's Tower, is the only one along the city fortifications to have been preserved. The lower outskirts used to be located on the outside, and were secluded by an exterior lower gate. The lower level still exhibits remains of the tower from the 13th century. The city governors together with the citizens constructed a new tower in 1594–96. Cells from the city jail remain on the inside.

Rathaus (City Hall)Edit

The city hall is one of the most outstanding examples of the Swabian Half-timbered (Ger. Fachwerk) style. The stone entry level and portal were built in 1431, while the upper floors and the impressive roof framework come from 1480. The nearby civic house from the 17th century was connected to the city hall during renovations (1986–93). The city hall today is the seat of municipal government and governing body of Oettingen, and the city license bureau is found on the ground floor.

Marktplatz (Marketplace)Edit

The marketplace forms the centre of Oettingen, and the weekly farmers' market takes place here on Fridays. Worth noting is the architectural layout: on the east side, the gables are Baroque, and on the west side, they are half-timbered.

The Storks of OettingenEdit

Storks have been nesting in Oettingen at least since the time of Count Ludwig XVI (more than 400 years ago), and Ludwig was supposedly a friend of the storks. According to legend, when the count left the town after the Schmalkaldic War, the storks also moved away and did not come back. Much later, in 1563 when the count came back, the storks, too, returned to the town and have remained there to this day.

Altes Gymnasium (Old High School)Edit

The building was built in 1724 under the direction of Albert Ernest II by Johann Christian Lüttich. It accommodated the Latin School which was established in 1563, and served to educate the children of the parish and of the city governors.

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Tabellenblatt "Daten 2", Statistischer Bericht A1200C 202041 Einwohnerzahlen der Gemeinden, Kreise und Regierungsbezirke". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). July 2020.
  2. ^ Gerhard Beck: Österreichische Exulanten in den Evang.-Luth. Dekanatsgebieten Oettingen und Heidenheim. Nürnberg 2002 (Quellen und Forschungen zur fränkischen Familiengeschichte, 10). ISBN 3-929865-05-X
  3. ^ http://www.augsburger-allgemeine.de/Home/Lokales/Noerdlingen/Lokalnachrichten/Artikel,-Gedenken-an-den-Bombenangriff-_arid,1495914_regid,14_puid,2_pageid,4504.html">Rieser Nachrichten:Gedenken an den Bombenangriff

External linksEdit