Odvar Nordli ( listen)[needs Norwegian IPA] (3 November 1927 – 9 January 2018) was a Norwegian politician from the Labour Party. He was Prime Minister of Norway from 1976 to 1981 during the Cold War. Before serving as Prime Minister, Nordli served as Minister of Local Government from 1971 to 1972.
|21st Prime Minister of Norway|
15 January 1976 – 4 February 1981
|Preceded by||Trygve Bratteli|
|Succeeded by||Gro Harlem Brundtland|
|17th County Governor of Hedmark|
11 March 1981 – 17 September 1994
|Preceded by||Anfinn Lund|
|Succeeded by||Kjell Borgen|
|Vice President of the Storting|
6 February 1981 – 10 June 1985
|Preceded by||Svenn Stray|
|Succeeded by||Reiulf Steen|
|Minister of Local Government|
17 March 1971 – 18 October 1972
|Prime Minister||Trygve Bratteli|
|Preceded by||Helge Rognlien|
|Succeeded by||Johan Skipnes|
|Member of the Norwegian Parliament|
1 October 1961 – 30 September 1981
|Member of the Norwegian Nobel Committee|
3 November 1927|
Tangen, Hedmark, Norway
9 January 2018 (aged 90)|
|Spouse(s)||Marit Nordli (m. 1953)|
|Alma mater||University of Oslo|
|Awards||Order of St. Olav|
|Years of service||1948|
A son of railroad worker Eugen Nordli (1905–1991) and housewife Marie (1905–1984), born Jørgensen, Nordli grew up in Tangen in Stange, Hedmark. After World War II he served in the Independent Norwegian Brigade Group in Germany, part of the Allied forces occupying post-war Germany.
Early political careerEdit
He was elected to the Norwegian Parliament from Hedmark in 1961, and was re-elected on five occasions. He had previously served in the position of deputy representative during the terms 1954–1957 and 1958–1961.
At the Labour Party Congress in 1975 both Nordli and Reiulf Steen candidated to replace Trygve Bratteli as new leader. A compromise was worked out that made Steen the new party leader while Nordli was designated as the party's new prime minister. This became a strained arrangement and they never cooperated well.
Prime Minister of NorwayEdit
Nordli became Prime Minister in 1976, heading the cabinet Nordli which succeeded the second cabinet Bratteli. He had to govern through several tough cases like the so-called double-resolution over NATO and the national controversy over the damming of the Alta-Kautokeino river.
In social policy, Nordli's premiership in 1978 saw improved sickness benefits to 100% wage compensation from day one of sickness for up to 52 weeks. The previous law had not had any compensation for ordinary workers for the first 3 days and 90% compensation after that time. The same year the Abortion Act of 1975 was liberalized and women were granted the right to decide on their own to have an abortion until the end of week 12 after gestation. In the original act approval of a committee of doctors had been required in order to have an abortion.
The Nordli cabinet under Minister of Finance Per Kleppe continued a Keynesian fiscal policy with deficit spending where Norway loaned abroad against future oil income. Wages increased more than in other countries, leading to Norwegian businesses becoming less competitive. In September 1978 the government through a provisional law made a general ban against increases in wages and prices. The law was in effect through 1979. The cabinet also partly reversed the expansive fiscal policy.
As for foreign relations during the Nordli premiership, Norway established a 200 nautical miles exclusive economic zone in 1977 where Norway claimed exclusive rights to marine resources. This caused complications with Russia that also had a 200 nm fishery zone. In 1978, Norway, led by maritime law minister Jens Evensen, and Russia agreed on a one year Grey Zone Agreement which was subsequently renewed until it was replaced with a permanent agreement in 2010.
The Norwegian parliamentary election, 1977 less than a year into Nordli's premiership was a success for Nordli and the Labour Party which continued in position, but the Norwegian local elections, 1979 was a set-back, partly due to the economic situation and it weakened Nordli's position.
Nordli got health problems about two years into his premiership and in 1981 his doctor advised him to take a sick leave. This leaked to the media before Nordli had made any decision and as a result he was soon after replaced by Gro Harlem Bruntland and another Labour cabinet, Brundtland's First Cabinet.
Post-Prime Minister careerEdit
After retiring, Nordli had a number of books published which included autobiographical writings and lighter stories about politics, daily life and nature.
- "Odvar Nordli, A Cold War Leader of Norway, Dies at 90". The New York Times. 10 January 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
- "Nordli, Odvar (1927-2018)". Stortinget.no. 10 January 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
- "Former Norwegian Leader Odvar Nordli Dies at 90". Independent. 10 January 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
- "Odvar Nordli: En sentral politiker er gått bort". NTB. 9 January 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
- "Norwegian Prime Minister of the 1970s and 1980s Dies". Minneapolis Star Tribune. 10 January 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
- Sturla Gjesdal (17 March 2005). "Sykefraværets utvikling i Norge 1975 – 2002". Journal of the Norwegian Medical Association. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
- "About the Abortion Act". Regjeringen.no. 10 January 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
- Arald Kjølås. "Odvar Nordli Excerpt from Norske statsministra". Det Norske Samlaget 1999 Allkunne.no. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
- Norway and Russia Agree on Maritime Boundary in the Barents Sea and the Arctic Ocean American Society of Internatial Law. Retrieved 10 Jan 2018
- Løvstad Thjømøe, Silje (9 January 2018). "Tidligere statsminister Odvar Nordli er død (Former Prime Minister Odvar Nordli is dead)". itromso.no. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
- "Marit Haraseth". Google Books. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
- Odvar Nordli: Min vei. Tiden, 1985
- "Odvar Nordli, a Cold War Leader of Norway, Dies at 90". The New York Times. 10 January 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
- "- Han snakket ikke unødvendig mye, men snakket når det var nødvendig". dagbladet.no. 19 January 2018. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
- NRK. "Odvar Nordlis gravferd". nrk.no. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
- "Bisettelsen til Odvar Nordli: "Klokskapen din blir aldri borte"". aftenposten.no. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
- "Tidligere statsminister Odvar Nordli er død". ABCnyheter. 9 January 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
- "Morgenlandet". Bokelskere.no. 10 January 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Odvar Nordli.|
| Norwegian Minister of Local Government
| Prime Minister of Norway
Gro Harlem Brundtland
| County Governor of Hedmark