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Ocuituco is a town in the Mexican state of Morelos and the head municipality of the towns of Ocuituco, Huejotengo, Huecahuaxco, Huepalcalco, Metepec, and Ocoxaltepec, as well as a number of settlements with fewer than 300 inhabitants. The name comes from Nauhua Okuiltoco and means Where there are weevils.[1]Its one of the 36 municipalities of the state of Morelos. To the north of Ocuitico is México State, southeast is Zacualpan, east is Tetela del Volcán, and southwest is Yecapixtla. It stands at 18°52′N 98°46′W / 18.867°N 98.767°W / 18.867; -98.767, at 1,920 meters above sea level. It is considered one of the municipalities of the "Los altos de Morelos" (Morelos highlands).[2]

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HistoryEdit

During Pre-Hispanic times, Ocuituco was inhabited by Olmecs-Xicalancas, and after the Spanish Conquest, Hernan Cortés received the submission of the Cacique of Ocuituco. During the Colonial era, Ocuituco was one of the few towns subtracted from the Marquessate of the valley of Oaxaca and was commissioned to Fray Juan de Zumarraga in the year of 1548, as a means of financing the traveling expenses of the monks arriving from Spain. At a later time, the town of Jumiltepec was used for this purpose.[1]

After the historical siege of Cuautla in 1812, José María Morelos y Pavón took to the town of Ocuituco to regroup his forces, and then to Chiautla, where he defeated the Spanish chief París.[1]

Juan Jesus Anzures Garcia of Ecologist Green Party of Mexico (PVEM) was elected Presidente Municipal (mayor) in the election of July 1, 2018.[3] One of the biggest concerns is the high rate of crime and violence.[2]

PopulationEdit

The municipality reported 18,580 inhabitants in the year 2015 census.[4] Fewer than 1% speak a native indigenous language.

GeographyEdit

Ocuitico has a semi-warm sub-humid climate, with rains starting in summer (From June to October), with medium humidity (75.16%).

Over 70% of the economy consists of agricultural activities, mainly for corn, peaches, and avocados.

CommunitiesEdit

Ocuituco is the municipal seat. It has 4,846 inhabitants and stands at 1,919 meters above sea level. There are three preschools, two elementary schools (grades 1−6), one middle school (grades 7−9), and one high school (grades 10−12).[5] Sister city: Pharr, Texas[6]

Ocoxaltepec has 1,338 inhabitants. Ocoxaltepec is located at 2352 meters above sea level. There is one preschool, one elementary school, and one middle school.[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Ocuitulco, Morelos" [Ocuitulco, Morelos] (in Spanish). Enciclopedia de los Municipios y los Delegaciones de Mexico. Retrieved Feb 22, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Por inseguridad, habitantes de los Altos de Morelos bloquean vialidad a 3 municipios" [Due to insecurity, inhabitants of the Altos de Morelos block roads to 3 municipalities] (in Spanish). El Heraldo de Mexico. July 23, 2018. Retrieved Feb 22, 2019.
  3. ^ "Candidatos electos 2018" [Candidates elected 2018] (PDF) (in Spanish). IMPEPAC. p. 9. Retrieved Dec 14, 2018.
  4. ^ http://cuentame.inegi.org.mx/monografias/informacion/mor/poblacion/ (Dec 13, 2018)
  5. ^ "Ocuituco, Ocuituco" [Ocuituco, Ocuituco] (in Spanish). Pueblos America. Retrieved Feb 18, 2019.
  6. ^ "Ciudades mexicanas y sus ciudades hermanas estadounidenses" [Mexican cities and their American sister cities] (in Spanish). Sister Cities International. Retrieved Feb 18, 2019.
  7. ^ "Ocoxaltepec, Ocuituco". Pueblos America. Retrieved Feb 18, 2019.

External linksEdit