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Obvodny Canal (Russian: Обводный канал, lit. Bypass Canal) is the longest canal in Saint Petersburg, Russia, which in the 19th century served as the southern limit of the city. It is 8 kilometres (5 mi) long and flows from the Neva River near Alexander Nevsky Lavra to the Yekaterinhofka not far from the sea port. The canal was dug in 1769–80 and 1805–33. By the late 19th century, after to the Industrial Revolution, it had effectively become a sewer collecting wastewater of adjacent industrial enterprises. Eventually the canal became shallow and no longer navigable. The banks of the canal are lined with granite.

Obvodny Canal
Obvodny Channel SPB 1.jpg
Location
CountryRussia
Physical characteristics
Source 
 ⁃ locationNeva
 ⁃ coordinates59°55′11″N 30°23′55″E / 59.9198°N 30.3985°E / 59.9198; 30.3985
Mouth 
 ⁃ location
Ekaterinhofka
 ⁃ coordinates
59°54′33″N 30°15′38″E / 59.9093°N 30.2606°E / 59.9093; 30.2606Coordinates: 59°54′33″N 30°15′38″E / 59.9093°N 30.2606°E / 59.9093; 30.2606
Length8.08 km (5.02 mi)
Obvodny Canal
houses in near Canal
Gas holder f the St. Petersburg Gas Plant

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