Oberhavel

Oberhavel is a Kreis (district) in the northern part of Brandenburg, Germany. Its neighbouring districts are (clockwise from the north): Mecklenburg-Strelitz in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, the districts of Uckermark and Barnim, the Bundesland of Berlin, and the districts of Havelland and Ostprignitz-Ruppin.

Oberhavel
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
CapitalOranienburg
Area
 • Total1,795.3 km2 (693.2 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2019)[1]
 • Total212,914
 • Density120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationOHV
Websitehttp://www.oberhavel.de

GeographyEdit

The district is located on the upper course of the Havel river from its source to the outskirts of Berlin. The north is characterised by many lakes including the Großer Stechlinsee, which is well known thanks to a novel by Theodor Fontane called Der Stechlin.

HistoryEdit

The district was created on 6 December 1993 through the merging of the old Gransee and Oranienburg districts.

Coat of armsEdit

  The coat of arms shows the eagle as the symbol of Brandenburg in the upper part. In the lower half are two flying swans on green background representing nature with many lakes. The coat of arms was unofficially used by the precursor district of Oranienburg before the merger, but was never officially granted. It was granted to the district of Oberhavel on 18 May 1994.

Towns and municipalitiesEdit

Amt-free towns Amt-free municipalities Ämter
  1. Fürstenberg/Havel
  2. Hennigsdorf
  3. Hohen Neuendorf
  4. Kremmen
  5. Liebenwalde
  6. Oranienburg
  7. Velten
  8. Zehdenick
  1. Birkenwerder
  2. Glienicke/Nordbahn
  3. Leegebruch
  4. Löwenberger Land
  5. Mühlenbecker Land
  6. Oberkrämer

Gransee und Gemeinden

  1. Gransee1, 2
  2. Großwoltersdorf
  3. Schönermark
  4. Sonnenberg
  5. Stechlin

1seat of the Amt; 2town

DemographyEdit

Landkreis Oberhavel: Population development
within the current boundaries (2013)[2]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 64,084—    
1890 75,767+1.12%
1910 99,395+1.37%
1925 119,031+1.21%
1933 138,026+1.87%
1939 178,595+4.39%
1946 187,548+0.70%
1950 192,989+0.72%
1964 179,515−0.52%
1971 180,152+0.05%
1981 175,027−0.29%
1985 174,522−0.07%
1989 172,119−0.35%
1990 169,086−1.76%
1991 167,015−1.22%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1992 165,764−0.75%
1993 166,214+0.27%
1994 167,935+1.04%
1995 170,505+1.53%
1996 173,666+1.85%
1997 178,353+2.70%
1998 183,997+3.16%
1999 189,191+2.82%
2000 192,123+1.55%
2001 194,022+0.99%
2002 195,399+0.71%
2003 197,055+0.85%
2004 198,550+0.76%
2005 200,184+0.82%
2006 201,289+0.55%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2007 201,945+0.33%
2008 202,231+0.14%
2009 202,776+0.27%
2010 203,124+0.17%
2011 201,199−0.95%
2012 202,162+0.48%
2013 203,012+0.42%
2014 204,898+0.93%
2015 207,524+1.28%
2016 208,639+0.54%
2017 209,893+0.60%
2018 211,249+0.65%
2019 212,914+0.79%

SportEdit

The district is home to three rugby union clubs, the RU Hohen Neuendorf, Veltener RC and Stahl Hennigsdorf Rugby. The latter was the most successful rugby club in East Germany, winning 27 national championships from 1952 to 1990.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2019". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). July 2020.
  2. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
  3. ^ Rugby in Hennigsdorf - Eine Chronologie Archived 2010-06-10 at the Wayback Machine (in German) Stahl Hennigsdorf website - club history, accessed: 10 April 2010

External linksEdit

  Media related to Oberhavel at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 52°53′N 13°15′E / 52.883°N 13.250°E / 52.883; 13.250