Obafemi Awolowo University

Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU) is a federal government-owned university that is located in the ancient city of Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.[1][2] The university was founded in 1961 and classes commenced in October 1962[3] as the "University of Ife" by the regional government of Western Nigeria, which was led by Samuel Ladoke Akintola, and was renamed "Obafemi Awolowo University" on 12 May 1987 in honour of Obafemi Awolowo (1909–1987), the first premier of the Western Region of Nigeria, whose idea the university was.[4][5][6]

Obafemi Awolowo University
Former names
University of Ife
MottoFor Learning and Culture
TypePublic
Established1961
ChancellorEtsu Yahaya Abubakar
Vice-ChancellorEyitope Ogunbodede
Studentsabout 35,000
Undergraduates13,000
Postgraduates7500
Location, ,
7°31′06″N 4°31′22″E / 7.51833°N 4.52278°E / 7.51833; 4.52278Coordinates: 7°31′06″N 4°31′22″E / 7.51833°N 4.52278°E / 7.51833; 4.52278
CampusUrban 2,020 hectares (5,000 acres)
ColoursMidnight Blue and Gold   
Affiliationsadeyemi college of education
Websitewww.oauife.edu.ng
Main Campus, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria

HistoryEdit

In 1951, with the adoption of a new constitution, major changes were made to elected legislators and regional premiers in the regions.[7] The new regional governments prioritised expansion of primary and secondary education because they viewed education as an important agent of transformation and development. In 1959, the Federal Minister of Education created a commission to research the country's future manpower needs of university graduates between 1960 and 1980.[8] The commission was headed by Cambridge lecturer Eric Ashby, master at Clare College, Cambridge, and also included labour economist Frederick H. Harbison.[9] The expectation of the commission's final report by the Western Region government was that University of Ibadan would satisfy the needs of the Western region, a position on which the federal government disagreed.[10] Before a final report was submitted in October 1960, the Western government began preparations for the establishment of a university in the region.[10]

The decision to establish the University of Ife[11]) by the ruling Action Group party of the Western Region of Nigeria was in protest at the recommendations of the Ashby Report.[12][full citation needed] The first Nigerian university was established in 1948 at Ibadan in the Western Region as an external college of the University of London. The needs of Nigeria (then a British colony), however, exceeded the productivity of the country's only university. In particular, the University of ibadan had no faculty of engineering or technology, law school, pharmacy school or management training abilities. The Ashby commission, which was set up by the British, was to review tertiary education needs of the soon-to-be-independent nation of Nigeria. The government of the Western Region did not want to rely on federal universities or those of other regions to admit its numerous secondary school leavers. The University at Ife was founded as a rebuttal to the perceived politicization of higher education opportunities in Nigeria and the Western Region and was designed to fill the gaps in the manpower needs.

In October 1960, the Ashby commission recommended additional regional universities in the northern and eastern regions of Nigeria, and another federal university in the Lagos protectorate,[9] but none in the more-educationally advanced Western Region, which had a "free and universal primary education" program. A minority report that was accepted by the government recommended a new university within the Western Region and facilities of the Nigerian College of Arts, Science and Technology, Ibadan, was provided to the region.[9] In 1961, a vote establishing the Provisional Council of the University was passed by the Western Regional Assembly. The final site chosen, a 13,000 acres (5,300 ha) of land, was donated by the people of Ile-Ife for the proposed university.[9] The first financial grant provided fo the university was £250,000 from the Western regional government.[13]

Ibadan campusEdit

On 22 September 1962, the university was opened to 244 students at its temporary facilities, the previous college of arts and sciences, Ibadan.[10] Some of the new students were previously at the college of arts and sciences, and some staff were recruited from University College, Ibadan, and from abroad. Oladele Ajose, was nominated as the first Vice-Chancellor of the university, which began with faculties of agriculture, arts, economics and social studies, law and science.[9] The style of administration of the university and faculties was similar to University College, Ibadan, and during its foundation, it established a relationship with University of Wisconsin.[13] Adverse political conditions within the region delayed the move from Ibadan to Ife.[10]

In February 1966, Lt-Col Francis Adekunle Fajuyi, the Visitor of the University of Ife and the first Military Governor of the Western Region, appointed ezekiah Oluwasanmi as the new Vice-Chancellor, and Chief TT Solaru as the pro-chancellor, and gave them money and orders to relocate to the permanent campus by October 1966. Fajuyi was killed at Ibadan in the military mutiny of July 1966, and did not witness the movement he orchestrated. Fajuyi Hall, a residential hall, was named to honour his contributions[citation needed]

Move to IfeEdit

The university's move to the new campus at Ile-Ife began in January 1967.[10] The campus at Ife had the first faculty of pharmacy in West Africa, the first department of chemical engineering, and the first faculty of electronics components and electrical engineering.[14][15] Its medical school started with an integrated curriculum and community orientation, which was later adopted by the World Health Organization, and a compulsory baccalaureate (BSc honours) before entrance to the clinical school, but this was later abandoned.

Federal universityEdit

In 1975, a new military government effected decrees making University of Ife a federal university.[10] On 10 July 1999, members of the Black Axe Confraternity murdered the secretary-general of the students' union George Iwilade and several other student activists in the Obafemi Awolowo University massacre. Education Minister Tunde Adeniran issued a statement acknowledging the incident and saying the ministry will treat the case with "utmost concern".[16]

LandEdit

Arieh Sharon led the architectural planning of the university with a team that later included his son Eldar Sharon and Augustine Akhuemokhan Egbor of Lagos.[17] The initial plan was to build three communities. A central campus with a high density would host the academic and administrative structures, the staff quarters with residential structures were dispersed for privacy, and students residential halls were built.

Central campusEdit

The road network within the university are numbered, the main entry to the university is the 2.5 km Road One which provides visibility to two rocky hills and a main core. The core is a quadrangle consisting of the university's public structures: Hezekiah Oluwasanmi Library, Secretariat, University Bookshop, Oduduwa Hall, and the Faculties of Arts, Education, Law, Administration and Social Sciences.[10]

The first structure to be completed in January 1967 was three blacks of four floors, which became the humanities building; these blocks have interconnected walkways to the other faculties within the quad. Unpon completion, these structures resembled inverted pyramids or huge boats but the design was chosen because of the country's the humid tropical climate soeach floor provides protection to the one below.[17][10]

There are pedestrians walkways and pergolas around the campus providing movement within offices around the quadrangle, there are also piazzas, gardens and terraces. The quad is enclosed on each side by roads, beyond which are other faculty buildings.

The Inner road on the southern end (road two) or front of the main core provides access to the student union building. Along road two are the computer science building, and the faculties of pharmacy and health sciences. The outer road at the north-western end of the quad, (Road 5)[17] provides access to the modern languages building and the African traditional-designed structure housing the African studies department, a museum and an exhibition hall.[10]

AcademicsEdit

 
College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria

Obafemi Awolowo University has 13 faculties[18] and two colleges]—the Postgraduate College and the College of Health Sciences— which are administered in more than 60 departments. The university offers undergraduate and post-graduate programmes in fields of specialization spanning the humanities, arts, natural sciences, social sciences, medical sciences, engineering and technology. It was previously associated with Loma Linda University in California, US.[citation needed]

JUPEB ProgrammeEdit

Obafemi Awolowo University has been partner university to the Joint Universities Preliminary Examinations Board (JUPEB).[19] JUPEB offers A-Level programs to students seeking admission into the Federal University of Technology, Owerri, via direct entry. FUTO currently admit students into the JUPEB Program Yearly.[citation needed]

LibraryEdit

The central library, known as Hezekiah Oluwasanmi Library, consists of two multi-storey wings in the centre of the campus. It has a seating capacity of 2,500 with the availability of Internet access to books and journals. It is a depository for the publications of the United Nations and its agencies including UNESCO, ILO and ECA. The library collection includes over 300,000 titles and 762,000 volumes of monographs, government publications, theses and audio-visual material, in addition to the subscription of over 1,000 journals in hard format.[20] The library collection is accessible to users through Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC) and the library's circulation services are fully computerised. 297,352 records have been converted to electronic format and the digitization of its newspaper collection has been done by online Computers Library Corporation, Inc. of Ohio, US.[14]

Information Technology and Communications UnitEdit

Obafemi Awolowo University has a well-developed Information and Communication Technology (ICT) system with its own V-SAT access to the Internet and an efficient Intranet. Virtually every building in the central campus is connected and cybercafés are available in parts of the campus. The internet access bandwidth has been increased from 39Mbit/s as at October 2011 to 183Mbit/s. The increase also led to the expansion of the internet facilities to all the halls of residence on campus.[14] The Information Technology and Communications Unit (INTECU) is responsible for developing Obafemi Awolowo University into Nigeria's leading ICT University with a campus-wide network consisting of a fibre optic backbone, 23 intra-networked subnets and wireless access clouds (WiFi) distributed across the site.[21]

Medical and health facilitiesEdit

The medical and health centre provides hazardous primary healthcare services to the community, the poor, and children and adults whose lives are endangered, and provides health education services on demand. It operates a 24-hour service and has 16 bed spaces for admitted patients. Extreme cases are referred to the nearby teaching hospital for intensive care. The health centre is divided into nine functional units.[14]

ResearchEdit

The medical research facilities are located in the teaching hospital, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, comprising the Ife State Hospital, the Wesley Guild Hospital Ilesha, and Comprehensive Health Centres, and the multidisciplinary laboratories at the main University Campus.[22][full citation needed]

The University Teaching Hospitals is consistently cited has a highly reputable teaching hospital based on his numerous records. it has served as a training site for Nigerian foreign-trained doctors, who are required to pass the medical licensing examination organized by the Medical and Dental Council of Nigeria. The first Siamese twins to be separated in sub Saharan Africa was carried out at its teaching hospital, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital.[23] Consequently, the separation of Siamese twins has been successfully carried out on different occasions while successful cochlear implantation has been performed repeatedly in the otorhinolaryngology unit.[14]

The university pioneered the resuscitation and modernization of the traditional bronze-casting technology.[24] It also pioneered the introduction of entrepreneurship education at the undergraduate level and this has now been adopted nationally and by the National Universities Commission (NUC).[14] It is the leading ICT University with a bandwidth of 113 Mbit/s as well as a pioneer in iLab. The first iLab in Africa, south of Sahara was developed and established in OAU in collaboration with MIT.[25]

Vice-chancellorsEdit

The first vice-chancellor of the new university was Professor Oladele Ajose (MD, PhD), a Glasgow University graduate and Nigeria's first professor of public health who was recruited from the University of Ibadan.[26] He served from 1962 to 1966 until political upheavals and military coups led him to be replaced. The second vice-chancellor was Professor H. A. Oluwasanmi, who served from 1966 to 1975. Anthony Adebolu Elujoba, a Professor of Pharmacognosy, became the Acting Vice-Chancellor of the University in July 1975. The University Council's announcement of Professor Ayobami Taofeek Salami on 6 June as the University Vice-Chancellor was greeted with violence and rejection. The Council was eventually dissolved by the Federal Government and Salami was removed from the post. Prof. Elujoba was given the responsibility of stabilizing the system.[citation needed]

The university's staff has included one Nobel Laureate and six Nigerian National Merit Award winners, and has pioneered kidney transplants in Nigeria.[27]

Nigeria's only Nobel prize-winner in literature and the first African laureate, Wole Soyinka, served as Professor of Comparative Literature at the University of Ife from 1975 to 1999. In 1999, he was appointed an Emeritus Professor of Dramatic Arts at the university.[28]

Stephen Adebanji Akintoye served as Director of the Institute of African Studies from 1974 to 1977.[citation needed]

Vice-chancellorsEdit

Halls of ResidenceEdit

Ile-Ife campus is built on about 5,000 acres (20 km2) on a site comprising 13,000 acres (53 km2) of university-owned land. Its halls of residence include:

  • Awolowo Hall
  • Angola Hall
  • Alumni Hall
  • Education Trust Fund Hall
  • Fajuyi Hall
  • Ladoke Akintola Hall
  • Moremi Hall
  • Mozambique Hall
  • Murtala Muhammed Post Graduate Hall

The Male halls are Awolowo hall, Angola hall, ETF hall and Fajuyi hall. The female halls are Alumni hall, Ladoke Akintola hall, Moremi hall, Mozambique hall. The postgraduate hall, Murtala Muhammed hall is a mixed hall.[29]

Students' UnionismEdit

Obafemi Awolowo University is known as the "Jerusalem" of Aluta because of the antecedents of her students in vibrant and radical unionism over the years. However, in the last few years, the radicalism of the union is gradually becoming an history. The union has produced vibrant unionists and political leaders including but not limited to the famous lawyer, Femi Falana, Paul Agbaje, Olurunwa Adeleke, and many others.

Recently, a case of fraud came to limelight by the former president of the union, Dr. Ibk was remanded by the court of law after stealing 700,000 shortly after the swearing-in of the new executives.[30]

The new executives came in shortly after the Electoral Commission led by Ajayi Oluwafemi (Efem Castro) from Faculty of Social Sciences as the Chairman where Akinbinu Foyin from Nursing served as the General Secretary, Olalekan Olatunbosun Onaopemipo (The Catalyst) from the Faculty of Education served as the Public Relations Officer and Osatoyinbo Opemidimeji from Faculty of Sciences served as the Financial Secretary with 9 other commissioners from other faculties.

SportsEdit

The sports centre is located in the central campus, and provides indoor and outdoor sports. The centre is equipped with modern facilities and the students participate in competitive sports such as those organised by the Nigerian University Games Association (NUGA) and West African University's Games (WAUG). Recreational facilities including basketball courts and table tennis in each of the halls of residence. The Staff Club, with its swimming pool, is available for registered staff members and their guests.

The University's sports centre has hosted Nigerian University Games Association (NUGA) championships in 1970, 1984 and 2013.[31] The sports centre is equipped with an IAAD-compliant swimming pool, tartan track, volleyball court, tennis court, squash court, hockey pitch, two football pitches (including one with a covered pavilion), gymnasium and an indoor multipurpose sports court.

Notable alumniEdit

Government and politicsEdit

BusinessEdit

LawEdit

Arts and mediaEdit

AcademiaEdit

Royalty and societyEdit

TechnologyEdit

  • Ernest Ndukwe, is a Nigerian Electrical engineer and former Chief Executive Officer of the Nigerian Communications Commission, NCC.
  • Gbenga Sesan, a social entrepreneur, information and communications technology professional

ReferencesEdit

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  30. ^ "Stealing: Court remands ex-OAU Students' Union President". Retrieved 6 May 2022.
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External linksEdit