Oak Ridge Observatory
The Oak Ridge Observatory (ORO, code: 801), also known as the George R. Agassiz Station, is located at 42 Pinnacle Road, Harvard, Massachusetts. It was operated by the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics as a facility of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) from 1933 until August 19, 2005.
|Alternative names||George R. Agassiz Station|
|Telescopes||Project BETA Telescope|
Wyeth 61-inch reflector
|Related media on Wikimedia Commons|
|see § List of discovered minor planets|
The observatory was established in 1933. Through its first 40 years, its primary research focus was on tracking minor planets and asteroids in the Solar System. Starting in the 1980s, astronomers began to use the facility to measure stars over long periods of time, which led to hunts for extrasolar planets, i.e., planets outside the Solar System. Surveys at Oak Ridge found many such distant planets.
The largest telescope east of Texas in the United States is the 61-inch reflector (see Hobby-Eberly Telescope). However, most of its projects were discontinued in 2005. Harvard University's Optical SETI program continues at the site.
It also housed an 84-foot (26 m) steerable radio telescope once used in Project BETA, a search for extraterrestrial intelligence. A 41-cm (16-inch) Boller and Chivens Cassegrain reflector originally housed at Oak Ridge is available for public use at the National Air and Space Museum's Public Observatory Project on the National Mall in Washington, DC.
List of discovered minor planetsEdit
In addition to the discoveries below, the Minor Planet Center inconsistently credits some asteroids such as 4760 Jia-xiang directly to the Harvard College Observatory although they have been discovered at Oak Ridge.
|2674 Pandarus||27 January 1982||list|
|2872 Gentelec||5 September 1981||list|
|3076 Garber||13 September 1982||list|
|3342 Fivesparks||27 January 1982||list|
|3773 Smithsonian||23 December 1984||list|
|3797 Ching-Sung Yu||22 December 1987||list|
|4372 Quincy||3 October 1984||list|
|4733 ORO||19 April 1982||list|
|5976 Kalatajean||25 September 1992||list|
|6696 Eubanks||1 September 1986||list|
|6949 Zissell||11 September 1982||list|
|7276 Maymie||4 September 1983||list|
|7383 Lassovszky||30 September 1981||list|
|7386 Paulpellas||25 November 1981||list|
|7461 Kachmokiam||3 October 1984||list|
|7639 Offutt||21 February 1985||list|
|7738 Heyman||24 November 1981||list|
|7940 Erichmeyer||13 March 1991||list|
|8161 Newman||19 August 1990||list|
|8357 O'Connor||25 September 1989||list|
|8496 Jandlsmith||16 August 1990||list|
|9179 Satchmo||13 March 1991||list|
|9291 Alanburdick||17 August 1982||list|
|9929 McConnell||24 February 1982||list|
|10289 Geoffperry||24 August 1984||list|
|10290 Kettering||17 September 1985||list|
|12223 Hoskin||8 October 1983||list|
|12224 Jimcornell||19 October 1984||list|
|(12319) 1992 PC||2 August 1992||list|
|(13635) 1995 WA42||22 November 1995||list|
|(14416) 1991 RU7||8 September 1991||list|
|(14830) 1986 XR5||5 December 1986||list|
|(15731) 1990 UW2||16 October 1990||list|
|(16437) 1988 XX1||7 December 1988||list|
|(17400) 1985 PL1||13 August 1985||list|
|(26809) 1984 QU||24 August 1984||list|
|(43755) 1983 RJ1||5 September 1983||list|
|(168315) 1982 RA1||13 September 1982||list|
- "Minor Planet Discoverers (by number)". Minor Planet Center. 12 January 2017. Retrieved 20 May 2017.
- Oak Ridge Observatory
- NASM AirSpace Blog, March 29, 2009. Archived July 31, 2009, at the Wayback Machine and NASM Public Observatory Project Archived 2010-02-22 at the Wayback Machine
- Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(4733) Oro". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (4733) ORO. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 408. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_4643. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Oak Ridge Observatory.|
- Oak Ridge Observatory
- YouTube video
- Harvard Optical SETI
- Boston Globe: "Lights out", June 28, 2005
- Bok, B. J., Ewen, H. I., & Heeschen, D. S., "The George R. Agassiz radio telescope of Harvard Observatory", Astronomical Journal, Vol. 62, p. 8, 1957.
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