François-Joseph Mobutu Nzanga Ngbangawe (born 24 March 1970 in Kinshasa) is a Congolese politician. A son of the long-time President Mobutu Sese Seko, he served in the government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo under President Joseph Kabila from 2007 to 2011, initially as Minister of State for Agriculture and subsequently as Deputy Prime Minister for Basic Social Needs. He was dismissed from the government in March 2011. In 2008, he founded the Union of Mobutist Democrats as the successor to his father's Popular Movement of the Revolution and has led the party since.
|President of the Union of Mobutist Democrats|
|Assumed office |
8 January 2008
|Minister of State for Agriculture|
5 February 2007 – 10 October 2008
|Deputy Prime Minister for Basic Social Needs|
26 October 2008 – 10 March 2011
François-Joseph Mobutu Nzanga Ngbangawe
1970 (age 50–51)
|Political party||Union of Mobutist Democrats|
Nzanga Mobutu is the eldest son of Mobutu Sese Seko by his second wife, Bobi Ladawa. Nzanga studied in Belgium, France and Canada before returning to Congo in the mid-1990s. He then worked as a communications adviser to his father but fled into exile in Morocco along with his father when rebel leader Laurent-Désiré Kabila captured Kinshasa in May 1997.
He launched a political career as leader of the Union of Mobutist Democrats (UDEMO), a party advocating the restoration of peace, national unity and territorial integrity. He is most popular in the northwestern province of Équateur, whence his father hailed. In the 2006 presidential election, he ran as a candidate and placed fourth, with about 4.8% of the vote. Following the first round of voting, Mobutu entered into a platform political coalition with the incumbent president Joseph Kabila to try to rally votes from the Equateur region where Jean-Pierre Bemba was favored to win. The coalition also involved the political party PALU of Antoine Gizenga.
Gizenga became Prime Minister in December 2006, and Mobutu was named Minister of State for Agriculture when Gizenga's government was announced on February 5, 2007, ranking second in the government after Gizenga. When Gizenga was succeeded by Adolphe Muzito, Mobutu was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister for Basic Social Needs in Muzito's government, which was named on October 26, 2008. In March 2011 President Kabila dismissed Mobutu from the government for inactivity. Explaining the move, government spokesman Lambert Mende accused Mobutu of "abandonment of service" for staying in Europe since November 2010 "without any explanation". Mende stressed that the move was directed only against Mobutu and not his party. Reportedly Kabila had tried to cultivate a good relationship with Mobutu, but the latter allegedly neglected his work and seemed uninterested in it. Following his dismissal, he again ran for office in the 2011 presidential elections against the incumbent president. In subsequent years he lived in the United States, with his brother Giala leading UDEMO.
He is married to Catherine Bemba, a daughter of businessman Bemba Saolona and sister of Jean-Pierre Bemba, with whom he has three children: Nyiwa, Bobi, and Sese.
|2006||Union of Mobutist Democrats||808,397||5%||4th|
|2011||Union of Mobutist Democrats||285,273||2%||6th|
- "March 12 – The Legacy of Zaire – A conversation with Nzanga Mobutu". Congo Live. 13 March 2016. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
- Tshitenge Lubabu, "RDC : Nzanga Mobutu, l'héritier inconstant", Jeune Afrique, 19 September 2012 (in French).
- Elections in Congo-Kinshasa, African Elections Database.
- "La composition du nouveau gouvernement de la RDC connue"[permanent dead link], African Press Agency, February 5, 2007 (in French).
- "Relief at new DR Congo government", BBC News, February 6, 2007.
- "Publication de la liste des membres du nouveau gouvernement congolais" Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine, Panapress, October 27, 2008 (in French).
- Pierre Boisselet, "RDC : Kabila révoque Nzanga Mobutu de son poste de vice-Premier ministre", Jeune Afrique, 11 March 2011 (in French).
- Rich Ngapi, "Présidentielle 2011 - Mobutu Nzanga dépose sa candidature à la CENI", Le Potentiel, 7 September 2011.
- Trésor Kibangula, "RDC : qu’est-devenue la famille de Mobutu ?", Jeune Afrique, 29 May 2017 (in French).