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Nysius is a genus of false chinch bugs in the family Lygaeidae. There are at least 100 described species in Nysius.[1][2][3][4]

Nysius
Nysius ericae.jpg
Nysius ericae
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hemiptera
Family: Lygaeidae
Subfamily: Orsillinae
Genus: Nysius
Dallas, 1852
Diversity
at least 100 species

Like other seed bugs, there are some species in the genus that have proven to be crop pests of wheat and other grains (including N. huttoni), as well as many vegetables. There appears to be a unique Hawaiian radiation of the genus containing almost a quarter of the world's species (26), as well as the most diverse character set seen in the genus. In addition, two closely related species (colloquially known as Wēkiu bugs) found on Mauna Loa and Mauna Kea on the island of Hawai'i, are different from the rest of Nysius by exhibiting reduced nonfunctional wings, and feed on dead and dying insects (N. wekiuicola, N. aa [5]).

Contents

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Nysius Report". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2018-05-03.
  2. ^ "Browse Nysius". Catalogue of Life. Retrieved 2018-05-03.
  3. ^ "Nysius". GBIF. Retrieved 2018-05-03.
  4. ^ "Nysius Genus Information". BugGuide.net. Retrieved 2018-05-03.
  5. ^ Polhemus, D. A. (1998). "Nysius aa (Heteroptera: Lygaeidae), a new species of micropterous wekiu bug from the summit of Mauna Loa volcano, Hawaii". Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 100 (1): 25–31.

Further readingEdit

  • Arnett, Ross H. Jr. (2000). American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico (2nd ed.). CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0212-9.
  • Aukema, Berend; Rieger, Christian, eds. (2001). Catalogue of the Heteroptera of the Palaearctic Region, vol. 4: Pentatomorpha I: Aradidae, Lygaeidae, Piesmatidae, Malcidae, Berytidae, Colobathristidae, Largidae, Pyrrhocoridae. The Netherlands Entomological Society. ISBN 90-71912-21-3.
  • Blatchley, W.S. (1926). Heteroptera, or true bugs of eastern North America, with especial reference to the faunas of Indiana and Florida. Nature Publishing. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.6871.
  • Henry, Thomas J.; Froeschner, Richard C., eds. (1988). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill. ISBN 0-916846-44-X.
  • Slater, James Alexander (1964). A Catalogue of the Lygaeidae of the World. University of Connecticut.
  • Slater, James A.; O'Donnell, Jane E. (1995). A Catalogue of the Lygaeidae of the World (1960-1994). The New York Entomological Society. ISBN 0-913-424-16-1.
  • Walker, Francis (1871). Catalogue of the Specimens of Hemiptera Heteroptera in the Collection of the British Museum, pt. IV. British Museum. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.9254.

External linksEdit

  •   Media related to Nysius at Wikimedia Commons
  •   Data related to Nysius at Wikispecies