Nyngan (/ˈnɪŋɡən/) is a town in the centre of New South Wales, Australia, in the Bogan Shire local government area within the Orana Region of central New South Wales. At the 2016 census, Nyngan had a population of 1,988 people.[1] Nyngan is situated on the Bogan River between Narromine and Bourke, on the junction of the Mitchell Highway and Barrier Highway, 656 km (408 mi) south of Charleville and 576 km (358 mi) north-west of Sydney by road. The Barrier Highway starts at Nyngan, and runs west to Cobar and on through Wilcannia and Broken Hill into South Australia.

Nyngan
New South Wales
Nyngan-Court-House.JPG
Court house, Nyngan
Nyngan is located in New South Wales
Nyngan
Nyngan
Coordinates31°34′0″S 147°12′0″E / 31.56667°S 147.20000°E / -31.56667; 147.20000Coordinates: 31°34′0″S 147°12′0″E / 31.56667°S 147.20000°E / -31.56667; 147.20000
Population1,953 (2021 census)[1]
Postcode(s)2825
Elevation173 m (568 ft)
Location
  • 576 km (358 mi) NW of Sydney
  • 167 km (104 mi) NW of Dubbo
  • 133 km (83 mi) E of Cobar
LGA(s)Bogan Shire
CountyOxley
State electorate(s)Barwon
Federal division(s)Parkes
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
25.7 °C
78 °F
11.6 °C
53 °F
438.9 mm
17.3 in

Nyngan Airport is a small airport just north of the town centre. Nyngan also lies on the Main Western railway line of New South Wales but is no longer served by passenger trains. The line remains open to freight traffic.

About 70 km (43 mi) south of the town, a cairn was erected in 1988 marking the centre of NSW.[2]

HistoryEdit

The district was originally inhabited by the Wangaibon Peoples. Thomas Mitchell explored the Bogan River in 1835, camping on the future townsite. He recorded the local Aboriginal word nyingan, said to mean 'long pond of water', though other meanings have been put forward, such as mussel or crayfish.[3] Squatters had settled in Mitchell's wake before he had begun his return journey.[4] The town flourished after completion of the railway line in 1883.

The little town of Canonba, 25 kilometres to the north-east on Duck Creek, is part of the history of Nyngan. From the early 1840s until the middle 'eighties, it grew and flourished, servicing Canonba Station and other properties, and Cobb and Co. travellers. In the early 1880s there were about four hotels, three or four banks, various stores and tradesmen, a police station, a telegraph and money-order office, and representatives of churches. The Western Railway by-passed Canonba, and where it crossed the Bogan was Nyngan. The Canonba populace, goods and public institutions then all moved to Nyngan. By 1890 it was practically empty.[5]

The Municipality of Nyngan was proclaimed on 17 February 1891 with Nyngan having a population of 1355.

The 1990 Nyngan floodEdit

In April 1990, unusually heavy rains (which had caused flooding in Charleville, Queensland with total damages of up to $300 million) caused major flooding in the town, despite a massive effort by local people to raise the levee walls using sandbags. With the town almost completely flooded, all the residents had to be evacuated by helicopter from the railway station, the highest point of the town, which was not flooded. Air Force helicopters, TV news helicopters and private helicopters all co-operated in the airlift. The total damage amounted to $50 million. The airlift is commemorated by an Army helicopter placed outside of the Nyngan Railway Station. The railway station now houses a museum which includes exhibits relating to the 1990 flood. (The station had not been regularly used for train passengers since about 1980; the railway line to Bourke has been out of use since 17 May 1989 but the Cobar line remains open to carry ore and wheat.[6][7][8]

ClimateEdit

Nyngan experiences a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen: BSh, Trewartha: BShl), with very hot summers and mild winters.

Climate data for Nyngan Airport, New South Wales, Australia (1991-2020 normals, extremes 1879-present); 173 m AMSL
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 47.0
(116.6)
47.4
(117.3)
42.2
(108.0)
38.9
(102.0)
31.0
(87.8)
27.2
(81.0)
27.3
(81.1)
31.8
(89.2)
37.5
(99.5)
41.1
(106.0)
45.0
(113.0)
46.0
(114.8)
47.4
(117.3)
Mean maximum °C (°F) 40.0
(104.0)
38.9
(102.0)
35.5
(95.9)
30.9
(87.6)
25.5
(77.9)
21.4
(70.5)
20.6
(69.1)
23.4
(74.1)
29.0
(84.2)
33.2
(91.8)
36.7
(98.1)
38.7
(101.7)
40.0
(104.0)
Average high °C (°F) 35.5
(95.9)
34.0
(93.2)
31.1
(88.0)
26.6
(79.9)
21.6
(70.9)
17.7
(63.9)
17.2
(63.0)
19.4
(66.9)
23.5
(74.3)
27.7
(81.9)
30.6
(87.1)
33.4
(92.1)
26.5
(79.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 28.1
(82.6)
27.0
(80.6)
24.0
(75.2)
19.5
(67.1)
16.0
(60.8)
11.8
(53.2)
10.8
(51.4)
12.2
(54.0)
15.9
(60.6)
19.9
(67.8)
23.3
(73.9)
26.0
(78.8)
19.5
(67.2)
Average low °C (°F) 20.7
(69.3)
20.0
(68.0)
16.9
(62.4)
12.4
(54.3)
8.3
(46.9)
5.9
(42.6)
4.3
(39.7)
5.0
(41.0)
8.2
(46.8)
12.1
(53.8)
15.9
(60.6)
18.5
(65.3)
12.4
(54.2)
Mean minimum °C (°F) 15.4
(59.7)
15.6
(60.1)
12.4
(54.3)
7.7
(45.9)
3.8
(38.8)
1.5
(34.7)
0.3
(32.5)
1.1
(34.0)
3.5
(38.3)
7.0
(44.6)
10.4
(50.7)
13.3
(55.9)
0.3
(32.5)
Record low °C (°F) 8.4
(47.1)
9.4
(48.9)
6.4
(43.5)
1.7
(35.1)
−1.7
(28.9)
−3.9
(25.0)
−4.0
(24.8)
−1.8
(28.8)
−0.5
(31.1)
1.7
(35.1)
4.4
(39.9)
7.8
(46.0)
−4.0
(24.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 56.1
(2.21)
47.7
(1.88)
39.7
(1.56)
23.8
(0.94)
36.8
(1.45)
38.3
(1.51)
27.0
(1.06)
25.0
(0.98)
33.1
(1.30)
33.0
(1.30)
45.7
(1.80)
52.2
(2.06)
458.4
(18.05)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 4.9 4.1 3.5 2.4 3.3 4.1 3.7 2.9 3.8 4.2 5.4 4.8 47.1
Average relative humidity (%) 42.5 47.0 46.0 46.5 57.5 67.5 65.0 55.5 48.0 43.0 42.5 39.5 50.0
Average dew point °C (°F) 13.7
(56.7)
14.4
(57.9)
11.5
(52.7)
9.2
(48.6)
8.0
(46.4)
7.2
(45.0)
5.4
(41.7)
5.1
(41.2)
6.5
(43.7)
7.9
(46.2)
9.8
(49.6)
11.0
(51.8)
9.1
(48.5)
Source 1: Australian Bureau of Meteorology (temperatures, precipitation, humidity- 1991-2020 normals)[9]
Source 2: Australian Bureau of Meteorology (1879-present extremes)[10]

Heritage listingsEdit

Nyngan has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Solar powerEdit

Approximately 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) west of the town is one of Australia's largest photovoltaic power stations, with 1.36 million solar panels. It was the largest solar PV plant in Australia when launched in July 2016.[13][14] It complements another plant at Broken Hill, which was expected to be fully operational by the end of 2015, for a combined capacity of 155 megawatts (208,000 hp).[13]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Nyngan (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 1 January 2020.  
  2. ^ Centre of New South Wales Cairn, Monument Australia. Retrieved 11 June 2012
  3. ^ "Nyngan". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 9 November 2009.  
  4. ^ "Nyngan - Culture and History". The Sydney Morning Herald. 17 November 2008.
  5. ^ "RootsWeb: AUS-NSW-WEST-L "BACK TO NYNGAN"". Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
  6. ^ "Main Western Line". www.nswrail.net.
  7. ^ "Cobar Branch". www.nswrail.net.
  8. ^ Bogan Shire Council: About: The Floods of April 1990
  9. ^ "Nyngan Airport, NSW Climate (1991-2020 normals)". Australian Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 14 May 2022.
  10. ^ "Nyngan Airport, NSW Climate (1879-present extremes)". Australian Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 14 May 2022.
  11. ^ "Chinese Graves and Burner at Nyngan Cemetery". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Department of Planning and Environment. H01783. Retrieved 18 May 2018.   Text is licensed by State of New South Wales (Department of Planning and Environment) under CC-BY 4.0 licence.
  12. ^ "Nyngan Court House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Department of Planning and Environment. H00797. Retrieved 18 May 2018.   Text is licensed by State of New South Wales (Department of Planning and Environment) under CC-BY 4.0 licence.
  13. ^ a b John Conroy (17 April 2015), "Panel perfect: Australia's largest solar plant complete", Business Spectator, retrieved 17 April 2015
  14. ^ Nyngan Solar Plant Project Fact Sheet (PDF), AGL Energy Limited, retrieved 17 April 2015

External linksEdit

  •   Media related to Nyngan at Wikimedia Commons
  •   Nyngan travel guide from Wikivoyage
Preceding station Former Services Following station
Girilambone
towards Bourke
Main Western Line Warren
towards Sydney
Tikkara
towards Cobar
Cobar Line Terminus