Nymburk (Czech pronunciation: [ˈnɪmburk]; German: Nimburg, Neuenburg an der Elbe) is a town in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic, located 45 km (28 mi) east of Prague on the Elbe River. It has about 15,000 inhabitants.
Aerial view of Nymburk
|• Mayor||Tomáš Mach|
|• Total||20.54 km2 (7.93 sq mi)|
|Elevation||193 m (633 ft)|
|• Density||740/km2 (1,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
The town was founded in around 1275 by the Bohemian king Přemysl Otakar II. The king settled here the Dominican Order and invited here among Czech settlers also German and Dutch colonists. The Czech language prevailed in the 15th century after the Hussite Wars. During the reign of Wenceslaus II, the Gothic Church of Sts. Nicholas Church (today St. Giles Church) and Dominican Monastery were constructed. The town was surrounded by burnt-brick walls with about fifty towers and two defensive ditches, fed from the Elbe.
In the 19th century, the town was connected to the railroad and became important railway junction with depot of railway vehicles. The telegraph was introduced in 1850 and the first local telephones were installed in 1900. Because of the increasing prosperity that industrialization has brought, local sugar factory, brewery, hospital, middle school, gym, synagogue and evangelical church then arose in the town.
The dominant feature of the town is the Gothic brick Saint Giles Church. This church, together with the preserved buildings of the Nymburk fortification, is unique example of brick Gothic (originally North German) architecture in the Czech lands. The dominant of the square is a rare Renaissance Town Hall.
Besides town walls, the town is also dominated by the Road Bridge (cultural heritage) from 1913, which connects the town center with a town part of Zálabí. Among the important cultural monuments of Nymburk is also Turkish tower, Plague Column, Chapel of St. John of Nepomuk, Bohumil Hrabal Grammar School, Nymburk Synagogue, Visitor center house, Water Tower and Old Fisher House.
JDK is a large company that manufactures refrigeration equipment in Nymburk and exports it all over the world. Since 2005, the Chinese company Changhong has been doing here the final assembly of LCD TVs for the whole European market.
Nymburk is the important railway junction and lies at the crossroads of four railway lines. Roads that pass through the town: I/38, II/330 and II/331. Urban transport is provided only by buses.
The town is home to Basketball Nymburk, a club that won the last 16 National Basketball Leagues. It plays its home games at the Sportovní Centrum. For some of its highlight games, the club moves to the Královka Arena in Prague.
Starting in 2015, an annual international rink bandy tournament is organised. In 2017, Slovakia and Switzerland participated for the first time, Slovakia finishing in second place and Switzerland fourth and last, among the national teams that is (two Russian club teams also participated). Federation of International Bandy has decided to make the tournament official.
- Bohuslav Matěj Černohorský (1684–1742), composer and organist
- Karel Dostal (1884–1966), actor
- Edelbert of Nymburk (Czech: Edelbert Nymburský) (died 1705), Capuchin friar and translator
- Bohumil Hrabal (1914–1997), writer
- Miroslav Macháček (1922–1991), theatre director and actor
- Vratislav Effenberger (1923–1986), literature theoretician
- Radek Bejbl (born 1972), footballer
- Jan Bořil (born 1991), footballer
Twin towns – sister citiesEdit
- "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 30 April 2020.
- "Turnaj v RINK BANDY v Nymburce | Česká Asociace Bandy". czechbandy.cz.
- svenskbandy.se: "Internationellt: Tjeckien mästare på hemmaplan", 13 September 2017 (in Swedish). Retrieved 9 October 2017
- "European Rinkbandy Cup in Nymburk, Czech Republic". Archived from the original on 16 September 2018. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
- Bajger, Matyáš Franciszek (2019). Czech Franciscan Book Culture. Libraries of Franciscans, Conventual Franciscans, and Capuchins through the Centuries. Munich: GRIN Verlag.
- Škarka, Antonín (1986). Půl tisíciletí českého písemnictví. Prague: Odeon. p. 79.
- "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Nymburk. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
- Official website (in Czech)
- Community site (in Czech)
- Basketball Team ČEZ Basketball Nymburk
- International Plastic Modeller´s Society Nymburk
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