Nymburk (Czech pronunciation: [ˈnɪmburk]; German: Nimburg, Neuenburg an der Elbe) is a town in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 15,000 inhabitants. It is situated on the Elbe River. The town centre is well preserved and is protected by law as an urban monument zone.
|• Mayor||Tomáš Mach|
|• Total||20.59 km2 (7.95 sq mi)|
|Elevation||193 m (633 ft)|
|• Density||720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
The town is made up of two administrative parts: Nymburk and Drahelice.
Nymburk is located about 35 kilometres (22 mi) east of Prague. It lies in the Central Elbe Table lowland within the Polabí region. The town is situated on both banks of the Elbe River, and lies at the confluence of the Elbe and Mrlina rivers.
The town was founded around 1275 by the Bohemian King Ottokar II. Throughout the Middle Ages it was one of the most important and strategic towns in the kingdom, as it protected Prague and was an important pillar of royal power.
During the reign of Wenceslaus II, the Gothic Church of St. Nicholas (today the Church of St. Giles) and the Dominican monastery were constructed. The town was surrounded by burnt-brick walls with about fifty towers and two defensive ditches fed from the Elbe. The Hussite Wars in the 15th century affected the town only slightly (the Dominican monastery was looted) and so the town prospered until the beginning of the 17th century.
During the Thirty Years' War, Nymburk was burned and looted, and the fortifications were almost completely destroyed. The recovery was disrupted by large fires. The turning point in the town's modern history was the introduction of the railway in 1870. Since then, the town has grown, new buildings have been built, the river Elbe has been regulated, and a new bridge and a hydroelectric power plant with a lock chamber have been built. The town has expanded beyond the medieval walls (some portions of which have been preserved). However, the original medieval floor plan has been completely preserved.
The Nymburk Brewery, on the southern end of the town, was founded in 1895. With a production of about 200,000 hl/year, it is considered a medium-sized brewery in the Czech Republic. The brewery produces beer under the brand Postřižinské.
JDK is a large company that manufactures refrigeration equipment in Nymburk and exports it all over the world. Since 2005, the Chinese company Changhong has used a factory in Nymburk for the final assembly of LCD TVs for the European market.
Nymburk is an important railway junction at the crossing of four railway lines. The I/38, II/330 and II/331 highways pass through the town. Urban transport is provided only by buses.
The town's football club is SK Polaban Nymburk.
The dominant feature of the town is the Gothic brick Church of Saint Giles, built in 1280–1380. This church, together with the preserved buildings of the Nymburk fortification, is a unique example of brick Gothic (originally North German) architecture in the Czech lands. The main landmark of the square is a rare Renaissance town hall from 1526.
Besides the preserved sections of the town walls, the town also features a road bridge from 1913, which connects the town centre with the neighborhood of Zálabí. Other important cultural monuments of Nymburk are the Turkish tower (the former waterworks from 1597), the Plague column (built in 1717), the Chapel of St. John of Nepomuk (originally a part of the Dominican monastery), the Bohumil Hrabal Grammar School, the Nymburk Synagogue, the Tourist Information Centre, the water tower and the Old Fisher House.
- Bohuslav Matěj Černohorský (1684–1742), composer and organist
- Josef Kramolín (1730–1802), painter
- Antonín Janoušek (1877–1941), journalist and politician
- Karel Dostal (1884–1966), actor
- Bohumil Hrabal (1914–1997), writer; lived here in his childhood and youth
- Miroslav Macháček (1922–1991), theatre director and actor
- Vratislav Effenberger (1923–1986), literature theoretician
- Radek Bejbl (born 1972), footballer
- Jan Bořil (born 1991), footballer
Twin towns – sister citiesEdit
- "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2022". Czech Statistical Office. 29 April 2022.
- "Historie a současnost Nymburka" (in Czech). Město Nymburk. Retrieved 5 July 2021.
- "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Nymburk" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 21 December 2015. pp. 7–8.
- "Population Census 2021: Population by sex". Public Database. Czech Statistical Office. 27 March 2021.
- "Hlavní strana" (in Czech). Pivovar Nymburk. Retrieved 5 July 2021.
- "Turnaj v RINK BANDY v Nymburce | Česká Asociace Bandy". czechbandy.cz.
- "European Rinkbandy Cup in Nymburk, Czech Republic". Archived from the original on 16 September 2018. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
- "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Nymburk. Retrieved 7 November 2022.
- Official website (in Czech)