Nyandarua County is a County in the former Central Province of Kenya. Its capital and largest town is Ol Kalou. Formerly the capital was Nyahururu, which is now part of the Laikipia County. Nyandarua County has population of 596,268  and an area of 3,304 km². The county is located on the northwestern part of the old Central Province, and contains the Aberdare Ranges.
Aberdare Ranges in Nyandarua County
Location in Kenya
|Formed||March 4th 2013|
|• Governor||Francis Kimemia|
|• Total||3,107.7 km2 (1,199.9 sq mi)|
|• Total||596,268 |
|Time zone||UTC+3 (EAT)|
The county was split into two in 2007: Nyandarua North District and Nyandarua South District. However, with the promulgation in 2010 of new constitution, these have been re-organised as sub counties of Nyandarua County . Daniel Waithaka was elected the first governor of the County 2013 General Election and Francis Kimemia seconds him in August 2017 elections.
|* 1999 census. Source:|
|Ol Joro Orok||65,229||0||Ol Joro Orok|
|Ol Kalou||98,806||3,881||Ol Kalou|
|* 1999 census. Sources:,|
The county has five constituencies and 25 wards
|Constituency||Area km2||Popn census 2009||No of Wards||Wards|
|Kinangop Constituency||935||192,379||8||Engineer, Gathara, North Kinangop, Murungaru, Njabini/Kibiru, Nyakio, Magumu, Githabai|
|Kipipiri Constituency||544||95,338||4||Wanjohi, Kipipiri, Geta, Githioro|
|Ol Kalou Constituency||536||120,282||5||Karau, Kanjuire Ridge, Milangine, Kaimbaga, Rurii|
|Ol Jorok Constituency||439||95,643||4||Gathanji, Gatimu, Weru, Charagita|
|Ndaragwa Constituency||655||92,626||4||Leshau/Pondo, Kiriita, Central, Shamata|
Nyandarua is serviced by several government hospitals; Nyahururu, Ngano. Ol Kalou -JM Kariuki Memorial district hospital, Engineer District Hospital. Mission hospital funded by church and NGO, Dispensary i.e.Milangine Health Centre and numbers of private hospital.
County hospitals receive patients from all over the county and in case of referral refer them to Nakuru or Nyeri County Referral hospital and then to Kenyatta National Hospital
The county is represented by 25 elected ward representatives 5 MPs, a Women representative, a Senator and a Governor.
In 2013 presidential election the county voters voted for Uhuru Kenyatta with 237,975 a 99% of valid votes.
Current Members of parliament from constituencies in the county are;
|Constituency||Formation||MP Name||Political Party||Vote For||Total Vote cast||Note|
|Ol Kalou||1997||HON Kiaraho||JP||22,201||46,120|
|Ol Joro Orok||2013||Michael Muchira Mwangi||JP||23,748||36,445|
|Nyandarua County||2013||HON Faith Gitau||JP||158,486||239,661||Women Representatives|
|Nyandarua County||2013||[HON GITHIOMI||JP||211,315||239,074||Senator|
|Daniel Waithaka Mwangi||TNA||162,418||Winner|
|David Mwaniki Ngugi||GNU||19,561|
|Peter Mwangi Gathimba||NARC||55,896|
|Total Cast Votes||240,188|
Children in Nyandarua can access school with ease. Schools are normally situated a walking distance mostly of less than 3 km (for primary school and high school) with a large number of public and private schools. For tertiary education they are a number of colleges and polytechnic but no university.
Education levels vary drastically with 61% of the population having reached primary school, 19% secondary school and only 2% have a tertiary education level.
One of pioneer school is Nyandarua high School which was opened 29 March 1965 with 71 students. Currently they are other major school among others; Kangui high School, Karima Girls, Shamata Girls, Wanjohi Girls, Magumu, Mukoe, Kagondo, Kihingo, Waka Junior, Njabini, Nyahururu Boys. There has been no University in Nyandarua, until Nyandarua Institute was upgraded to a university college under Dedan Kimathi University of Science & Technology. There are some Technical Institutions like Leshau Polytechnic in Ndaragwa Constituency, at Gordon Centre (Next to Kihingo Catholic Church) - Mutanga Parish. More Tertiary institution are needed.
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Nyandarua County is a productive area for agriculture, manufacturing and processing. There are a number of challenges including lack of a good road network and adequate distribution of electricity and water.
Interested investors both local and in the diaspora can invest in agriculture, manufacturing, processing and housing.
The main economic activity in Nyandarua is farming (crop cultivation and dairy farming). In late 1990s Nyandarua was a leading producer of pyrethrum, however Kenya Pyrethrum Board the parastatal that was given the role of purchasing, processing and marketing the crop collapsed because of poor management and corruption, severely undermining the livelihood of many farmers. Nyandarua county is well known as a giant in potato farming. However, there has been a number of challenges that are associated with farming such as fluctuation of the market, poor roads, and crop diseases. Aberdare forest which covers a larger area of the country, attract local and international tourist who make a positive income to the local society.
Central Kenya RegionEdit
Urbanisation in Central Kenya (Percent)
Urbanisation by County in Central Kenya
Wealth and poverty levelEdit
Poverty Level in Central Kenya (Percent)
Poverty level by County
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-  Archived 18 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
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- Al, Edward (30 September 2013). "Kenya | Data". Data.worldbank.org. Archived from the original on 11 December 2013. Retrieved 9 December 2013.