Nyabarongo II Multipurpose Dam

The Nyabarongo II Multipurpose Dam, is a multipurpose dam under construction across the Nyabarongo River in Rwanda. The dam will measure 48 metres (157 ft) high and 228 metres (748 ft) long, creating a reservoir with storage capacity of 846,000,000 cubic meters (8.46×1011 L). The reservoir is also expected to provide irrigation water to an estimated 20,000 hectares (49,000 acres) of land, downstream of the dam site. In addition, the dam will host Nyabarongo II Hydroelectric Power Station, with installed generating capacity of 43.5 megawatts.[1][2]

Nyabarongo II Multipurpose Dam
Nyabarongo II Multipurpose Dam is located in Rwanda
Nyabarongo II Multipurpose Dam
Location of Nyabarongo II Power Station
Placement on map is approximate
Nyabarongo II Multipurpose Dam is located in Africa
Nyabarongo II Multipurpose Dam
Nyabarongo II Multipurpose Dam (Africa)
Nyabarongo II Multipurpose Dam is located in Earth
Nyabarongo II Multipurpose Dam
Nyabarongo II Multipurpose Dam (Earth)
LocationShyorongi, Rulindo District, Rwanda
Coordinates01°52′36″S 29°56′25″E / 1.87667°S 29.94028°E / -1.87667; 29.94028Coordinates: 01°52′36″S 29°56′25″E / 1.87667°S 29.94028°E / -1.87667; 29.94028
Construction beganApril 2021
Opening dateDecember 2025 Expected
Construction costUS$214 million
Owner(s)Rwanda Energy Group
Dam and spillways
Type of damGravity dam
ImpoundsNyabarongo River
Power Station
Commission date2025 Expected
Turbines3 x 14.5 MW
Installed capacity43.5 MW (58,300 hp)


Nyabarongo II Dam is located near the town of Shyorongi, in Rulindo District, in the Northern Province of Rwanda. This is approximately 21 kilometres (13 mi) northwest of Kigali, the capital and largest city in that country.[3]


In June 2018, the government of Rwanda, through Energy Development Corporation Limited (EDCL), a subsidiary of Rwanda Energy Group (REG), agreed with Sinohydro for the latter to build this multipurpose dam to (a) store irrigation water (b) to regulate flooding downstream of this dam and (c) generate 43.5 megawatts of hydroelectric energy to add to the national grid.[4]

In April 2019, the agreements between the parties were clarified. Sinohydro was tasked to build the dam and have the components working, no later than 2025. The building model to be used was agreed to be "build, own, operate and transfer" (BOOT). The cost of the project was budgeted at $214 million.[4]

Nyabarongo II Power Station is intended to augment the 28 megawatts (38,000 hp) Nyabarongo I Hydroelectric Power Station, upstream of Nyabarongo II.[4]

Development, funding and timelineEdit

The engineering, procurement, and construction contract was awarded to Sinohydro, the Chinese state-owned hydropower, engineering and construction company, at a contract price of US$214 million.[4]

The funds were borrowed by the Government of Rwanda, from the Exim Bank of China on concessional terms.[5]

Construction began in April 2021 and is scheduled to last until December 2025.[1]

Associated infrastructureEdit

In addition to the dam and power station, Sinohydro is under contract to construct the following infrastructure, as part of this project: (a) a bridge across the Nyabarongo River (b) a switchyard and a 110kV substation (c) a 110kV transmission line measuring 19 kilometres (12 mi), from the power station to the substation at Rulindo, where the energy will enter the national grid and (d) a permanent road to the site of the dam. All that to be completed in 56 months.[5]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Africa Energy (31 March 2021). "Rwanda: Nyabarongo II construction to begin next month". Africa-Energy.com. Hasstings, United Kingdom. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  2. ^ NS Energy (2019). "Nyabarongo II Hydropower Project". NS Energy Business. United Kingdom. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  3. ^ Google (29 June 2021). "Road Distance Between Kigali, Rwanda And Shyorongi, Rwanda With Interactive Map" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d Jean Marie Takouleu (6 April 2019). "Rwanda: Sinohydro invests $214 million in Nyabarongo II dam construction". Arik21.africa. Paris, France. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  5. ^ a b Hydropower & Dams (25 February 2020). "Rwanda signs financing agreement for Nyabarongo II project". The International Journal On Hydropower & Dams. Retrieved 29 June 2021.

External linksEdit