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Nursing Studies, University of Edinburgh

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Nursing Studies is an academic unit within the School of Health in Social Science at University of Edinburgh. A teaching unit was established in 1956, the first to be part of a British university. The unit's initial focus was on education for nursing teachers and leaders. In 1960 it offered the first degree courses in nursing in the UK. It became a department of the university in 1965 and six years later gained a Chair of Nursing Studies, which was the first to be established in Europe. The unit also had a Nursing Research Unit, which opened in 1971 and ran for more than twenty years. The unit continues to offer nurse education at undergraduate, postgraduate and research levels.

Contents

HistoryEdit

By the early 20th century nursing education in North America had seen links develop between universities and hospitals but these sort of arrangements didn't emerge in Europe until decades later.[1] From 1946 the Scottish Board of the Royal College of Nursing had organised post-registration teaching for nurses that led to a sister-tutor certificate.[2] The teachers for this course were from the University of Edinburgh, who also ran the examinations and were the body that awarded the certificates.[3] Goddard's Work of Nurses in Hospital Wards report, published in 1953 by the Nuffield Provincial Hospitals Trust, had led to some activity in Scotland to improve the training of nurses.[4] In July 1955 it was reported at a meeting at the University of Edinburgh that the Rockefeller Foundation was to provide a grant of £30,000 over a five-year period with the aim of setting up a new unit to support the education of nurses.[3] In November 1955, a World Health Organization (WHO) study group on the education of nurses met in Brussels and made several recommendations, including that "At least one experimental school of nursing be set up in each country."[5]

The Nurse Teaching Unit (NTU) was established in 1956 within the Faculty of Arts at the University of Edinburgh.[6] This was the first nurse teaching unit within a British university.[3][6][7] Support also came from the WHO and the Royal College of Nursing.[4][8] Elsie Stephenson took up her appointment of Nurse Director on 1 June 1956.[1] The following year it was renamed the Nursing Studies Unit.[6] The first courses were for qualified nurses, aimed at producing teachers and leaders.[4][9]:23 The first diplomas were awarded to thirteen nurses in 1958.[8]

In 1960 the department announced they had been preparing an integrated degree course that would take students five years to complete.[10][11] This integrated degree differed from other qualifications available at the time, by combining a nursing qualification and a social science degree.[12][13]:1488 Although other British universities were also beginning to couple qualifications with registration,[13]:1488 Edinburgh were the first in the UK to offer a nursing degree course.[14] To enhance motivation, a short 4-week period of patient contact took place before university started, to enable students to participate in basic nursing tasks.[15]

In 1962 an international school of advanced nursing studies was established at the unit, with support from the WHO.[16]

In 1963 Nursing studies was brought into the new Faculty of Social Sciences, together with ten other departments.[17] In 1965 it became a department.[18] By 1968 several hospital-based nursing schools in England and Wales were collaborating with universities, but Edinburgh was still the only department of nursing at a UK university, with 63 students enrolled in the various programmes.[19] By 1972 Dr Margaret Scott-Wright had become the first professor of nursing and eight of the department's nine staff were registered nurses.[18] In the mid-nineties various organisations looked at the standards around masters-level education in nursing and the department made changes to the courses that were offered.[20]:1073

In 2002 the University of Edinburgh began some significant restructuring, with many departments being dissolved. Nursing Studies became part of the School of Health in Social Science, and provides nurse education in both undergraduate and postgraduate studies.[21] The current undergraduate degree, Bachelor of Nursing with honours, is a 4-year programme which leads to eligibility for registration as an Adult Nurse with the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC).[22]

In 2012 author Nicola White became a Writer in Residence with the Nursing Studies department.[23] As of 2013 the course has an intake of 35 people a year.[14]

Nursing research unitEdit

In October 1971 the Nursing Research Unit opened, in two converted flats in Buccleuch Place in Edinburgh.[24] The Scottish Home and Health department had agreed to the unit for an initial period of seven years.[24] It was the first nursing research unit at a British University and Lisbeth Hockey was appointed as director.[25] Penny Prophit was the director from 1983 to 1989.[26][27] After her resignation a research award was reviewed.[28] With the Scottish Office moving funding to the Nursing Research Initiative for Scotland,[29] the Nursing Research Unit closed in 1994 although the Nursing Studies department continue to have active research programmes.[6][7]

Chair of Nursing StudiesEdit

The Chair of Nursing Studies was created in 1971, the first of its kind in Europe.[18][27] Dr Margaret Scott-Wright, who had been the director at the department since 1968 was appointed to this chair and held the position until 1976.[18] Annie Altschul had been a lecturer, then senior lecturer before holding the position of Chair of Nursing Studies from 1976 until she retired in 1983.[30]

RankingEdit

In The Guardian's University guide for 2017, Nursing Studies at Edinburgh was top of the league table for nursing & midwifery.[31] Over the previous decade it consistently topped that guide.[32]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Allan, Sheila (15 September 1986). "University pioneer for nursing". The Glasgow Herald. p. 6. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 
  2. ^ Sinclair, Helen C.; Hardy, Leslie K.; Hughes, Jill (November 1984). "Educational achievement of nurses who completed the nursing education and the nursing administration certificate courses of the Department of Nursing Studies, University of Edinburgh, 1958–1975". Journal of Advanced Nursing. 9 (6): 603–609. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2648.1984.tb00417.x. 
  3. ^ a b c "Medical News. Nurse Teaching Unit at Edinburgh". British Medical Journal. 2: 444–445. 13 August 1955. doi:10.1136/bmj.2.4936.444. 
  4. ^ a b c "Nursing set on new course". The Glasgow Herald. 1 December 1955. p. 13. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  5. ^ "Medical News. Education of nurses.". British Medical Journal. 1: 122. 14 January 1956. doi:10.1136/bmj.1.4958.121. 
  6. ^ a b c d Hookson. "History makers: nursing ambition | Edit". edit.ed.ac.uk. Retrieved 2016-09-26. 
  7. ^ a b Tierney, Alison (21 August 1996). "Nursing research at the University of Edinburgh". Nursing Standard. 10 (48): 32. doi:10.7748/ns.10.48.32.s53. 
  8. ^ a b "University’s Studies Unit. Nurses Receive Diplomas". The Glasgow Herald. 2 July 1958. p. 5. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  9. ^ Trueland, Jennifer (28 September 2016). "Celebrating the nursing degree pioneers". Nursing Standard. 31 (5): 22–24. doi:10.7748/ns.31.5.22.s23. 
  10. ^ "Nursing for Graduates. New course in Edinburgh". The Glasgow Herald. 7 May 1960. p. 4. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 
  11. ^ "Medical News". The British Medical Journal. 1 (5185): 1580–1582. 21 May 1960. doi:10.1136/bmj.1.5185.1580. 
  12. ^ Scott Wright, Margaret; Gilmore, Margaret; Tierney, Alison. "The nurse/graduate in nursing: Preliminary findings of a follow-up study of former students of the University of Edinburgh degree/nursing programme". International Journal of Nursing Studies. doi:10.1016/0020-7489(79)90053-1. 
  13. ^ a b Fitzpatrick, Joanne M; While, Alison E; Roberts, Julia D (September 1993). "The relationship between nursing and higher education". Journal of Advanced Nursing. 18 (9): 1488–1497. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2648.1993.18091488.x. 
  14. ^ a b Ford, Steve (11 June 2013). "Best and worst nursing courses revealed". Nursing Times. Retrieved 18 October 2016. 
  15. ^ Vaughan, Mary (21 September 1960). "Nursing cap and graduates gown". The Glasgow Herald. p. 5. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 
  16. ^ "Advanced Nursing Studies. New School for Edinburgh". The Herald. 31 May 1962. p. 10. Retrieved 9 October 2016. 
  17. ^ "Department changes in University. Social sciences faculty". The Glasgow Herald. 20 March 1963. p. 10. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 
  18. ^ a b c d "Edinburgh lead with chair of nursing studies". The Herald. 6 January 1972. p. 3. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 
  19. ^ Wilson, Kathleen J. W. (21 October 1968). "A variety of opportunities". The Glasgow Herald. p. 14. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 
  20. ^ Whyte, Dorothy A.; Lugton, Jean; Fawcett, Tonks N. (May 2000). "Fit for purpose: the relevance of Masters preparation for the professional practice of nursing. A 10-year follow-up study of postgraduate nursing courses in the University of Edinburgh". Journal of Advanced Nursing. 31 (5): 1072–1080. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2648.2000.01388.x. 
  21. ^ "Health in Social Science: Nursing Studies". University of Edinburgh. Retrieved 17 October 2016. 
  22. ^ "Health in Social Science: Nursing Studies: Undergraduate: Programme information". University of Edinburgh. 9 March 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016. 
  23. ^ "Creative writer in residence in nursing studies". www.councilofdeans.org.uk. Council of Deans. Retrieved 4 October 2016. 
  24. ^ a b "Complexities of nursing today". The Glasgow Herald. 4 March 1972. p. 7. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 
  25. ^ "Lisbeth Hockey". The Scotsman. 25 June 2004. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 
  26. ^ Holme, Chris (24 March 1989). "Sabbatical forced on nursing professor". The Glasgow Herald. p. 1. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  27. ^ a b "First Nursing Studies Unit set". www.ournhsscotland.com. NHS Scotland. 13 March 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2016. 
  28. ^ "Funds are withheld as academic in PhD row resigns". The Herald. 23 December 1992. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  29. ^ "Nursing figures for the patient". Times Higher Education. 19 January 1996. Retrieved 4 October 2016. 
  30. ^ "News: Professor Annie Altschul retires". Journal of Advanced Nursing. 8 (6): 541–546. November 1983. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2648.1983.tb00483.x. 
  31. ^ "University guide 2017: league table for nursing & midwifery". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 October 2016. 
  32. ^ Rodgers, Sheila (19 November 2014). "Highest praise for the nursing league-topper". Nursing Standard. 29 (12): 66. doi:10.7748/ns.29.12.66.s54. 

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit