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The "Nur Otan" Democratic People's Party (Kazakh: "Nur Otan" Халықтық Демократиялық Партиясы, romanized: "Nur Otan" Halyqtyq Demokratııalyq Partııasy; Russian: "Nur Otan" Народно-Демократическая Партия, romanized"Nur Otan" Narodno-Demokraticheskaya Partiya)), called simply Nur Otan (lit. 'Radiant Fatherland'), is the ruling political party in Kazakhstan with over 762,000 members.[2]

"Nur Otan" Democratic People's Party

"Nur Otan" Халықтық Демократиялық Партиясы
"Nur Otan" Народно-Демократическая Партия
Party LeaderNursultan Nazarbayev
FoundedSeptember 25, 2006; 12 years ago (2006-09-25)
Merger ofFatherland, Asar, Civic Party, Agrarian Party
HeadquartersNur-Sultan
Youth wingZhas Otan
Membership (2007)762,000
IdeologyAuthoritarianism[1]
Secularism
Political positionBig tent
Colours          Cyan, gold
Seats in Mazhilis
84 / 107
Website
www.nurotan.kz

Since 2007 it is headed by Nursultan Nazarbayev.[3] Nazarbayev's predecessor in the party was Bakhytzhan Zhumagulov. The party's First Deputy Chairman is Askar Myrzakhmetov.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Nur Otan Headquarters in Nur-Sultan

The party's predecessor, Fatherland was originally established on February 12, 1999 after the merger of several pro-presidential parties, including the People's Union of Kazakhstan Unity, the Liberal Movement of Kazakhstan and the "For Kazakhstan - 2030" Movement. At the "uniting" congress the new party outlined a program largely supportive of the government of Nazarbayev.[4]

At the last legislative elections under the Otan banner in 2004, the party won 60.6% of the popular vote and 42 out of 77 seats. Otan merged with Dariga Nazarbayeva's Asar on 25 September 2006, increasing the party's seats by 4 to 46 out of 77.[2]

After the merged party was formed, Nazarbayev remarked to his daughter "Tell your Asar members that... you are returning to your father."[5] Nazarbayeva said on 19 June 2006 that all pro-Presidential parties should combine to create a grouping "with which no other party will be able to compete in the next 50 years."[6]

In December 2006 it was announced that the Civic Party and the Agrarian Party would follow in Asar's path and also merge with Otan to increase Otan's share of MP's from 46 to 57 seats out of 77. Nazarbayev said he expected other parties to merge with Otan. Nazarbayev said there should be fewer, stronger parties that "efficiently defend the interests of the population."[7] At the subsequent party congress on 22 December 2006, delegates voted to rename the party Nur Otan.

In the 18 August 2007 Assembly elections, the party won 88.05% of the vote and all seats.

In October 2011 a cooperation agreement was signed in Nur-Sultan between Nur Otan and the Ukrainian Party of Regions,[8] and another in 2015 with United Russia.[citation needed]

Electoral historyEdit

Presidential electionsEdit

Election Party candidate Votes % Result
2011 Nursultan Nazarbayev 7,850,958 95.55% Elected  Y
2015 Nursultan Nazarbayev 8,833,250 97.75% Elected  Y
2019 Kassym-Jomart Tokayev 6,504,024 70.76% Elected  Y

Mazhilis electionsEdit

Mazhilis
Election Party leader Votes % Seats +/– Position Government
2007 Karim Massimov 5,247,720 88.40%
98 / 98
  98   1st Majority
2012 Karim Massimov 5,621,436 80.99%
83 / 98
  15   1st Majority
2016 Nursultan Nazarbayev 6,183,757 82.20%
84 / 98
  1   1st Majority

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Isaacs, Rico (2011). Party System Formation in Kazakhstan. Routledge. p. 224.
  2. ^ a b Kazakhstan: Ruling Party Gets Even Bigger RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
  3. ^ President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev is the head of the Nur Otan party
  4. ^ Information on Political Parties Participating on the Basis of Party Slates in Elections to Majilis of Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan
  5. ^ Parties of Kazakh Leader, Daughter Merge Townhall
  6. ^ Analysis: Kazakh premier takes over daughter's party Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine Middle East Times
  7. ^ "Pro-Nazarbaev Party Merges With President's Power Base"
  8. ^ Regions Party to cooperate with ruling party in Kazakhstan, Kyiv Post (24 November 2011)

External linksEdit