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Nukunonu is located in Pacific Ocean
Nukunonu
Nukunonu
Location of Nukunonu Atoll in the Pacific Ocean
Satellite image of Nukunonu

Nukunonu is the largest atoll within Tokelau, a dependency of New Zealand, in the south Pacific Ocean. It comprises 30 islets surrounding a central lagoon,[1] with about 5.5 km2 (2.1 sq mi) of land area and a lagoon surface area of 109 km2 (42 sq mi).[2]

Contents

OverviewEdit

 
An arch straddling the main street supports the nave of the Catholic Church
 
The Luana Liki Hotel
 
The lagoon

The main settlement on the atoll is located on Nukunonu Island at the southwestern edge of the lagoon with a concrete bridge joining the two areas of settlement. Other islets in the group include Motuhaga, Te Puka e Mua, Ahua, Motufala, Punalei, Taulagapapa, Niututahi, Saumagalu, Apia, Laulauia, Avakilikili, Fatigauhu, Tokelau, Te Fakanava, Te Puku, and Te Kamu to name a few.

The island's residents depend upon coconuts, pandanus, and marine life for subsistence; fresh water is scarce. Shipping is hampered by the lack of an adequate anchorage.[1]

Tokelau has one hotel, the Luana Liki Hotel, and one resort, Falefa Resort, both situated on Nukunonu. Few tourists visit the country and tourism is not widely promoted. There is ambivalence to the idea of tourists with some Tokelauans wanting to keep the country unaffected by the outside world. Despite this, visitors are greeted with traditional Polynesian hospitality. The Luana Liki Hotel functions mainly to accommodate official visitors who have included the New Zealand Prime Minister and Governor General. There is one main shop in Nukunonu which sells a limited range of products. Due to the vagaries of shipping schedules it is at times short of goods.

Concrete water tanks are incorporated into the base of newly built houses and collect rain water from the roof. Satellite TV dishes are beginning to appear on some houses in the village.

The first European vessel known to have come upon Nukunonu was the Royal Navy ship HMS Pandora (1779), in 1791, whose captain, Edward Edwards, named Duke of Clarence Island[3] in honor of Prince William, Duke of Clarence and St Andrews (1765-1837), the third son of King George III and later king himself, as William IV. At the time, the Pandora was searching for mutineers from HMS Bounty. During the early 19th century, Nukunonu’s inhabitants were converted to Roman Catholicism by Samoan missionaries.[1]

Between 1856 and 1979, the United States claimed that it held sovereignty over the island and the other Tokelauan atolls. In 1979, the U.S. conceded that Tokelau was under New Zealand sovereignty, and a maritime boundary between Tokelau and American Samoa was established by the Treaty of Tokehega.

Local administration consists of a Taupulega (Council of Elders), made up of heads of family groups and two elected members.[1] According to the 2006 census 426 people live on Nukunonu, of which more than 95% belong to the Catholic Church.[4]

List of IslandsEdit

  1. Avakaukilikili
  2. Matalapa
  3. Niualemu
  4. Hini Ailani
  5. Te Palaoa
  6. Apia
  7. Haumagalu
  8. Niututahi
  9. Lalohumu
  10. Olomoana
  11. Tuigaika
  12. Tima
  13. Vaivaimai
  14. Te Nonu
  15. Patiku
  16. Tuatiga
  17. Tagamako
  18. Hilakehe
  19. Na Taulaga
  20. Punalei
  21. Motu Fala
  22. Motu Akea
  23. Fulumahaga
  24. Na Hapiti
  25. Fatigauhu
  26. Te Afua o lafu
  27. Te Puka i Mua
  28. Motuhaga
  29. Te Kamu
  30. Fakanava Tau Loto
  31. Vini
  32. Te Puka i Muli
  33. Te Fakanava

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Nukunonu at Encyclopædia Britannica
  2. ^ http://www.seaaroundus.org/doc/CatchReconstruction/EEZ/Tokelau-Zylich-2011.pdf
  3. ^ Quanchi, Max (2005). Historical Dictionary of the Discovery and Exploration of the Pacific Islands. The Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0810853957. 
  4. ^ "2006 Census Tabular Report" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-04-05. 

External linksEdit