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Nuevo Santander (New Santander) was a region of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, covering the modern Mexican state of Tamaulipas and extending into modern-day southern Texas in the United States. A history of Texas, commissioned by the U.S. government's Federal Writers' Project in 1934, noted that "The borders of New Santander did not stop at the Rio Bravo" (the Mexican name for the Rio Grande); and added that the borders "went north to the Nueces, near Corpus Christi, then west and north to the Medina, then south again on a line along Laredo to the eastern slopes of the Sierra Madres, deep in Mexico." [1]

New Santander

Nuevo Santander
1746–1821
StatusSpanish colony
CapitalSantander Jiménez
Common languagesSpanish
Religion
Roman Catholicism
GovernmentMonarchy
King of Spain 
• July 9, 1746 – August 10, 1759
Ferdinand VI
• December 11, 1813 – September 29, 1833
Ferdinand VII
Royal Governor 
• May 31, 1748 - April 8, 1767
José de Escandón
• July 7, 1821 - September 22, 1822
Felipe de la Garza Cisneros
Historical eraColonial era
• Established
1746
• Disestablished
1821
Population
• 1790
43,739
CurrencySpanish colonial real
Succeeded by
First Mexican Empire
Today part of Mexico  United States
Map of New Spain along the Gulf of Mexico

Nuevo Santander was named after Santander, Cantabria, Spain, and settled by Spanish American colonists in a concerted settlement campaign peaking in 1748–1750. It fell under the jurisdiction of the Real Audiencia of Guadalajara in judicial matters, and in 1776 Nuevo Santander became part of the semi-autonomous Provincias Internas.

José de Escandón founded the colony in 1747. In 1755 Jiménez was founded which became the major town and capital of the colony. The state was subsequently renamed to Tamaulipas once Mexico gained its independence in 1821.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Federal Writers' Project, The WPA Guide to Texas: The Lone Star State (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1934, reprinted by Trinity University Press, 2013)

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