Open main menu

Nude recreation

  (Redirected from Nudity in sport)
Nude people wading in the sea

Nude recreation refers to recreational activities which some people engage in while nude. Such activities can take place in private spaces (such as on a person's own property, or in a naturist context) or in public.

While nude activities may include sports such as tennis or volleyball, they are usually recreational in not being competitive or organized.[1] The ancient Olympics were nude events, and some traditional cultures continue to have competitive events in the nude. Public nude cycling events are done as environmental protests, as promotion for naturism, and for recreation.

Naturist/Nudist recreationEdit

Naturism, or nudism, is a cultural movement practicing, advocating, and defending personal and social nudity, most but not all of which takes place on private property. The term also refers to a lifestyle based on personal, family, or social nudity.[2] The International Naturist Federation has designated the first Sunday of June as World Day of Naturism.[3] In keeping with their basic function, Naturist clubs and resorts feature recreational activities. Naturist recreation also includes cruise ships, which offer a variety of activities.[4]

Naturist venues also host special events, such as New Year's Eve parties.[5] Florida Young Naturists organizes seasonal "bashes" at several Florida nudist/naturist clubs and resorts.[6]

Nude volleyball is a recreational activity that has been offered at many naturist clubs (see § Nude volleyball).

World Naked Gardening DayEdit

A graphic for a gardening video celebrating World Naked Gardening Day in 2016.

People across the globe are encouraged on World Naked Gardening Day (WNGD), held in May each year, to tend their gardens in the nude. WNGD was organized by the Body Freedom Collaborative.[7]


Nudes-A-Poppin' is an annual pageant[8] for nude women and men competing in erotic dance. It held at the Ponderosa Sun Club in Roselawn, Indiana as a ticked fundraiser for the resort during which regular members are excluded.[9] It has been held annually since 1975.[10][11]

Clothing optional recreationEdit

Some nude or "clothing optional" recreation occurs in public spaces as occasional exceptions to social norms.

Museum ToursEdit

Nude visitors to the Portland Art Museum, 2013

In February 2013, the Leopold Museum of Vienna opened its doors to nude museum goers for an exhibit entitled "Nude Men from 1800 to Today". More than sixty visitors attended in the nude.[12]

In June 2013, the Portland Art Museum in Oregon admitted nude participants prior to the nighttime World Naked Bike Ride for a special exhibit called "Cyclepedia" on the art of bicycle design. Hundreds of patrons saw the exhibit in the nude.[13]

Nude bungee jumpingEdit

When A J Hackett opened the world's first commercial bungee jumping site at Kawarau Bridge near Queenstown, New Zealand, customers who performed the jump in the nude were granted free entry.[14] This offer was later withdrawn because too many jumpers were taking advantage of it,[15] but the site remains clothing-optional.[16] Billy Connolly famously bungee-jumped nude from the bridge during his 2004 World Tour.[17]

Since 2006 there has been an annual naked bungee jump at WildPlay park on Vancouver Island as a fund raiser for the Victoria Branch of BC Schizophrenia Society. The 2019 event drew more than 100 participants.[18]

Nude diningEdit

A nude restaurant (also referred to as a naked restaurant or a clothing-free restaurant) is a restaurant where diners are legally at liberty to be nude.

The Amrita restaurant in Japan, now closed, had strict rules of entry for its naked party.[19] Other nude restaurants have included The Bunyadi in London[20], O'naturel in Paris[21], Innato on the Canary Island of Tenerife, and L'Italo Americano, in Milan, all of which also closed.[22]

There are a number of bars and restaurants directly accessible from the clothing-optional beach at Orient Bay, Saint Martin which allow varying degrees of nudity. Although essentially wiped out by Hurricane Irma, they are slowly being rebuilt.[23]

Nude hikingEdit

Nude hiking in France

Nude hiking, also known as naked walking or freehiking, is a sub-category of the modern form of social nudity.

Neither nude hiking nor skinny-dipping are expressly prohibited by the US Forest Service, which instead applies laws against disorderly conduct as necessary.[24] Nudity was advocated by Colin Fletcher in his popular 1968 book, the Complete Walker.[25]

In the United Kingdom, Stephen Gough, known as The Naked Rambler, received much media coverage for walking naked from Land's End to John o' Groats in 2003–2004 and again in 2005–2006.[26] He was arrested and released several times during both his walks while in England, and was imprisoned in Scotland.[citation needed]

Conversely to Gough's experiences, in 2005 and 2006 the European Alps were crossed naked during a one-week hiking tour, and there was little media coverage. No one was arrested or troubled, and there was no police involvement. Most naked hikers report friendly reactions from people they meet.[27]

Some jurisdictions have regulations formally prohibiting nude hiking, and can impose fines or other punishments. A local bylaw to this effect was adopted, for example, by the 2009 General Meeting (Landsgemeinde) of the residents of the Swiss canton Appenzell Innerrhoden.[28] In nearby Appenzell Ausserrhoden, the court of second instance "Obergericht" reinforced an unpaid fine of 100 Swiss francs for naked hiking and added the court's cost of another 3330 Swiss Francs.[29]

Nudity at festivalsEdit

The Woodstock festival in 1969 was the first example of widespread, spontaneous nudity at an event open to the public. The Nambassa festivals held in New Zealand in the 1970s continued this phenomenon. Of the 75,000 patrons who attended the 1979 Nambassa three-day counterculture festival, an estimated 35% chose to remove their clothing,[30] preferring complete or partial nudity.[31]

Perhaps the biggest and most famous modern festival is Burning Man where camps range from non-sexual nudity to overtly sexually themed nudity. Since 2004 there has been a naked bike ride known as the "Naked Pub Crawl"."Playa Events". Burning Man. Retrieved December 13, 2019.

The Folsom Street Fair held in San Francisco is a leather and BDSM-themed fair.[citation needed]

Organized by the Federación Nudista de México (Mexican Nudist Federation)[32] since 2016 when Zipolite beach nudity was legalized,[33] FESTIVAL NUDISTA ZIPOLITE[32] occurs annually on the first weekend of February.[34]

Nudist festivals are held to celebrate particular days of the year, and in many such events nude bodypainting is also common, such as Neptune Day Festival held in Koktebel, Crimea to depict mythological events.[35][36]

Nudity in sportEdit

Nudity in sport, also known as nude sport, is the practice of taking part in sporting activity while nude.

In the 21st century, it is customary in most parts of the world for athletes to wear clothing. Such clothing generally covers--at a minimum--an athlete's genitalia.

Nude running at the Bay to Breakers

The 1974 book The Zen of Running recommends running barefoot and "as undressed as possible" to get "well bathed by sun and air".[37]

Nudity was banned from the Bay to Breakers race in San Francisco in 2009.[38]

A nude run called Carrera Nudista de Sopelana also takes place annually in summer in Sopelana (Bilbao/Spain) since 1999.[39]


The famous Discobolus of Myron.

It was a norm in Ancient Greece for athletes to exercise and compete in the nude.[40][41] The Greek practice to compete and exercise was strongly inspired by their gods and heroes. For the gods and heroes nudity was a part of their identity and a way to display their physical energy and power which the athletes attempted to honour and emulate.[42] Athletes from Greece and from Greek colonies came together for the Olympic Games and the other Panhellenic Games. They competed naked in almost all disciplines with the exception of chariot races, although there are depictions of naked chariot racers.[40]

The word gymnasium (Latin; from Greek gymnasion, being derived from Greek gymnos, meaning "naked"), originally denoting a place for the intellectual, moral and physical education of young men as future soldiers and (certainly in democracies) citizens (compare ephebos), is another testimony of the nudity in physical exercises. In some countries including Germany the word is still used for secondary schools, traditionally for boys. The more recent form gym is an abbreviation of gymnasium.[citation needed]

In Japan, female sumo wrestlers sometimes competed in the nude as a prayer for rain.[43]

Nude cyclingEdit

A clothing-optional bike ride is a cycling event in which nudity is permitted or expected. There are many clothing-optional cycling events around the world. Some rides are political, recreational, artistic or a unique combination. Some are used to promote topfreedom, a social movement to accord women and girls the right to be topless in public where men and boys have that right.

Body art (such as body painting) is a common form of creative expression, as are costumes, art bikes, bullhorns, boomboxes, and musical instruments.

Many of the political rides have their roots from Critical Mass and are often described or categorized as a form of political protest, street theatre, party-on-wheels, streaking, public nudity and clothing-optional recreation; thus, they attract a wide range of participants.

Solstice CyclistsEdit

Nude cyclists at 2019 Fremont Solstice Parade

The Solstice Cyclists (also known as The Painted [Naked] Cyclists of the Solstice Parade, or The Painted Cyclists) is an artistic, non-political, clothing-optional bike ride celebrating the Summer Solstice. It is the unofficial start of the Summer Solstice Parade & Pageant since 1992, an event produced by the Fremont Arts Council in the Fremont district of Seattle. The parade sets great value in creative decoration, many cyclists feature body painting and art bikes.[44]

World Naked Bike RideEdit

WNBR riders in Los Angeles

World Naked Bike Rides (WNBRs) are yearly clothing-optional bike rides in which each city's participants plan, meet and ride en masse on human-powered transport to "deliver a vision of a cleaner, safer, body-positive world" by attracting attention to a healthy alternative for vehicles that depend on fossil fuels; the naked body is used as a symbol for the vulnerability of humans to pollution, and of cyclists to the traffic in cities. These rides occur in about 75 cities across 6 continents, though in countries with a Romance language WNBRs are usually referred to by a name derived from their Spanish origin, "Ciclonudista".[citation needed]

World Naked Bike Rides have taken place all over the world since 2004 involving thousands of people. These take place in mostly western cities, where cyclists ride either partially or totally nude in a light-hearted attempt to draw attention to the danger of depending on fossil fuels.[45]

Nude rugbyEdit

A nude rugby match was held in Dunedin, New Zealand, each winter from 2002 to 2014, as pre-match entertainment for the first professional rugby game of the season. In more recent years it has become sporadic as organizers have other demands on their time.[46]

Nude sports in tropical culturesEdit

Many indigenous peoples in Africa and South America train and compete in sport competitions naked.[40] Nuba peoples in South Sudan and Xingu tribes in the Amazon basin region in Brazil, for example, wrestle naked, whereas Dinka, Surma and Mursi in South Sudan and Ethiopia, arrange stick fights.[40][47] Indian monks Digambara practice yoga naked (or sky-clad, as they prefer to call it).[40]

Nude swimming and nude beachesEdit

Nude swimming, or skinny dipping, is the practice of bathing naked in natural bodies of water, in swimming pools, or in hot tubs.

In some European countries, such as Denmark,[48] all beaches are clothing optional, while in others like Germany and experimentally in France,[49] there are naturist sunbathing areas in public parks, e.g., in Munich[50] and Berlin.[51] Beaches in some holiday destinations, such as Crete, are also clothing-optional, except some central urban beaches.[52] There are two centrally located clothes-optional beaches in Barcelona.[53] Sweden allows nudity on all beaches.[54]

In a survey by The Daily Telegraph, Germans and Austrians were most likely to have visited a nude beach (28%), followed by Norwegians (18%), Spaniards (17%), Australians (17%), and New Zealanders (16%). Of the nationalities surveyed, the Japanese (2%) were the least likely to have visited a nude beach.[55] This result may indicate the lack of nude beaches in Japan; however, the Japanese are open with regard to family bathing nude at home and at onsen (hot springs).[56]

It is not uncommon for private clubs to give patrons opportunities for nude swimming, at times by holding male-only or female-only sessions.[57]

Nude volleyballEdit

A nudist/naturist volleyball game at the Sunny Trails Club during the 1958 Canadian Sunbathing Association (CSA) convention in British Columbia, Canada.

Naturists/Nudists were early adopters of volleyball shortly after its invention in the late 19th century. Records of regular games in clubs can be found as early as the 1920s.[58][59] Given the outdoor nature of nudism/naturism a beach version of volleyball was naturally adopted. By the 1960s, a volleyball court could be found in almost all nudist/naturist clubs.[60]

Volleyball was perfect for naturism/nudism since most clubs were small and a volleyball court didn't require much space but involved many people. The game was also inclusive in that it supported varying levels of athleticism and did not require much equipment. But most importantly, it was ideal for nude play since there was no need for a team uniform or protective equipment.[61]

A large (over 70 teams) nude volleyball tournament has been held each fall since 1971 at White Thorn Lodge in western Pennsylvania[62] and several smaller tournaments occur each year throughout North America.[63]


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Recreational Sports". Retrieved December 13, 2019.
  2. ^ Choin, Mireille (2002). World Handbook Naturisme 2002 - 2003. International Naturist Federation. ISBN 978-90-5583-833-2. Archived from the original on 2016-11-10. Retrieved 2019-12-11.
  3. ^ "World Naturist Day 2017, Date, Events, Celebrations". Archived from the original on 2 May 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  4. ^ "Naked ambition: 5 ways to holiday in the nude". The Independent. 2016-10-05. Archived from the original on 2017-06-09. Retrieved 2017-06-05.
  5. ^ "Nude Year's Eve: 5 places to see in the New Year... as nature intended". Archived from the original on 2015-11-21. Retrieved 2017-07-21.
  6. ^ "Florida Young Naturists". Florida Young Naturists. Retrieved December 13, 2019.
  7. ^ Moye, David (3 May 2013). "World Naked 'Star Wars' Gardening Day Is May 4". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on 11 July 2017. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  8. ^ "Nudes-A-Poppin' Pageant". AskMen. Archived from the original on 16 March 2017. Retrieved 15 March 2017.
  9. ^ Higgins, Will (13 July 2001). "Nudist event has numbers, little respect". Indianapolis Starl. Retrieved 28 February 2012.[dead link]
  10. ^ Carrie Napoleon (14 July 2017). "Businesses ready as thousands of nudists attend annual Roselawn fest". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  11. ^ Jimmy Greenfield; Chase Agnello (18 July 2005). "No lie: This pageant is a-poppin'". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on 25 April 2018. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  12. ^ NY Daily News & February 19, 2013.
  13. ^ Portland Monthly & 2013-06-11.
  14. ^ Fahy, Ben (5 June 2017). "AJ Hackett on stretching minds, pushing limits and jumping nude". Vodafone xone Innovators Series. Idealog. Retrieved 14 December 2019.
  15. ^ Sherifi, Macca (30 May 2012). "Backpackers offered nude discount". Gap Year. Retrieved 14 December 2019.
  16. ^ Upe, Robert (12 November 2013). "25 years of bungy madness". Stuff Limited. Retrieved 14 December 2019.
  17. ^ "Connolly goes naked bungy jumping". Sydney Morning Herald. 6 February 2004. Retrieved 14 December 2019.
  18. ^ John McKinley (March 13, 2019). "Nude bungy jumpers stretch annual Vancouver Island event to record heights".
  19. ^ "AMRITA Dinner アムリタの宴". Archived from the original on 17 June 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  20. ^ Alexandra, Sims. "The Bunyadi: London's only naked restaurant receives first reviews ahead of public opening". Independent. Archived from the original on 19 June 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  21. ^ "Paris' first nudist restaurant closes due to lack of customers". The Independent. January 8, 2019. Archived from the original on August 24, 2019. Retrieved December 11, 2019.
  22. ^ Cecilia Rodriguez. "Eating Nude: Why Naked Restaurants Are Not Good Business...Yet". Forbes.
  23. ^ "Orient Beach: Clothing optional paradise on the "Riviera" of French St. Martin". Retrieved December 13, 2019.
  24. ^ PJ Ryan (April 17, 2013). "A View From The Overlook: Nudity And The National Parks". National Parks Traveler. Retrieved December 13, 2019.
  25. ^ David Johnson (March 1989). "Au Natural: Sometimes Clothes Get in the Way". Backpaker.
  26. ^ "Why The Naked Rambler is no longer letting it all hang out". Archived from the original on 2019-12-06. Retrieved 2019-12-06.
  27. ^ Stephen Moss “Now which way back to the car?” in The Guardian, August 6, 2003
  28. ^ Swiss canton bans nude hiking Archived 2009-05-03 at the Wayback Machine (Reuters, Mon Apr 27, 2009)
  29. ^ "Nude hiker convicted" Archived 2019-12-06 at the Wayback Machine (Tages-Anzeiger, Jan 20, 2011)
  30. ^ "Public nudity at Nambassa". Archived from the original on 2015-10-07. Retrieved 2012-08-01.
  31. ^ Nambassa: A New Direction, edited by Colin Broadley and Judith Jones, A. H. & A. W. Reed, 1979. ISBN 0-589-01216-9.
  32. ^ a b "Federación Nudista de México A.C." Fed Nud Mex. Archived from the original on 2019-11-23. Retrieved 2019-12-12.
  33. ^ "Declaration of the distinction of Zipolite and Playa del Amor as nudist beaches by the municipality of San Pedro Pochutla, Pochutla, Oaxaca" (PDF). 2016-01-27.
  34. ^ αNaturist (2016-11-28). "camp Gymnasium at Burning Man 2016". Active Naturists. Archived from the original on 2017-07-14. Retrieved 2017-06-05.
  35. ^ "deGeneration X: Buck Naked Jazz on a Black Sea Beach". March 8, 2016. Archived from the original on December 12, 2019. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
  36. ^ Club, Naked (September 23, 2015). "Nudist Neptune Festival 2014 in Crimea". Archived from the original on June 24, 2016. Retrieved December 12, 2019 – via Vimeo.
  37. ^ Rohé, Fred: The Zen of Running, New York and San Francisco 1974
  38. ^ Heather Knight (12 February 2009). "Beer, nudity banned in Bay to Breakers race". SF Gate. Archived from the original on 31 August 2019. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  39. ^ "Castellano - Asociación de Naturistas Vascos". Archived from the original on 2012-08-20. Retrieved 2019-12-13.
  40. ^ a b c d e "Nudity in sports throughout history". Active Naturists. Archived from the original on 2 July 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
  41. ^ "Ancient Olympics Mixed Naked Sports, Pagan Partying". National Geographic News. 2004-08-09. Archived from the original on 2019-08-07. Retrieved 2019-08-07.
  42. ^ Mouratidis 1985, p. 213.
  43. ^ Chie Ikkai (2003), "Women's Sumo Wrestling in Japan", International Journal of Sport and Health Science, 1 (1): 178–181, doi:10.5432/ijshs.1.178
  44. ^ "Living | Free Spirits Parade Through Fremont | Seattle Times Newspaper". Archived from the original on 2017-12-22. Retrieved 2017-07-21.
  45. ^ The Guardian & 2009-06-12.
  46. ^ Goosselink, Dave (15 June 2016). "Curtains for nude rugby in Dunedin?". Newshub. Archived from the original on 9 December 2019. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  47. ^ chan (2 October 2008). "Nuba wrestling". Soul Capoeira. Archived from the original on 8 July 2018. Retrieved 15 September 2014.
  48. ^ Naturist net Archived 2012-04-29 at the Wayback Machine Scandinavia with geolocations
  49. ^ "Revealed: Paris opens first nudist park but no voyeurs allowed". The Guardian. Agence France-Presse. 31 August 2017. Archived from the original on 3 September 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  50. ^ Ganz Muenchen article, archived from the original on 2007-12-17, retrieved 2007-11-27
  51. ^ "Berlin". active naturists. 2008-07-08. Archived from the original on 2013-02-20. Retrieved 2013-03-14.
  52. ^ "Crete". active naturists. 2009-01-24. Archived from the original on 2013-07-30. Retrieved 2013-03-14.
  53. ^ "Barcelona". active naturists. 2012-04-20. Archived from the original on 2013-01-03. Retrieved 2013-03-14.
  54. ^ Mapes 2019b.
  55. ^ Bridge 2016.
  56. ^ "Why Japanese People Are Comfortable with Nakedness". Japan Today. 12 November 2012. Archived from the original on 28 October 2019. Retrieved July 26, 2019.
  57. ^ VACHON, DANA (28 April 2005). "The Tao of Skinny-Dipping". Archived from the original on 5 June 2016. Retrieved 2016-04-05.
  58. ^ Merrill, Mrs. Frances; Merrill, Mason (1931). Among the Nudists. A. A. Knopf. p. 188. Archived from the original on 2016-11-10. Retrieved 2019-12-13.
  59. ^ Merrill, Frances (1932). Nudism Comes to America. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. pp. Illustration Plate following p.57.
  60. ^ Weinberg 1967, pp. 91–99.
  61. ^ "Volleyball at Bare Oaks Family Naturist Park". Bare Oaks Family Naturist Park. Archived from the original on 26 February 2010. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
  62. ^ Matz, Eddie (9 October 2009). "No shirts, no shorts... lots of service!". ESPN The Magazine. Archived from the original on 17 October 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2013.
  63. ^ "". Archived from the original on 20 June 2013. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
  64. ^ Website Archived 2016-09-16 at the Wayback Machine of the Naturist Society


External linksEdit