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Nude recreation

  (Redirected from Nudity in sport)
Nude people wading in the sea

Nude recreation refers to recreational activities which some people engage in while nude. Such activities can take place in private spaces (such as on a person's own property, or in a naturist context) or in public.

While nude activities may include sports such as tennis or volleyball, they are usually recreational in not being competitive or organized.[1] The ancient Olympics were nude events, and some traditional cultures continue to have competitive events in the nude. Public nude cycling events are done as environmental protests, as promotion for naturism, and for recreation.

Naturist/Nudist recreationEdit

Naturism, or nudism, is a cultural movement practicing, advocating, and defending personal and social nudity, most but not all of which takes place on private property. The term also refers to a lifestyle based on personal, family, or social nudity.[2] The International Naturist Federation has designated the first Sunday of June as World Day of Naturism.[3] In keeping with their basic function, Naturist clubs and resorts feature recreational activities. Naturist recreation also includes cruise ships, which offer a variety of activities.[4]

Naturist venues also host special events, such as New Year's Eve parties.[5] Florida Young Naturists organizes seasonal "bashes" at several Florida nudist/naturist clubs and resorts.[6]

Nude volleyball is a recreational activity that has been offered at many naturist clubs (see § Nude volleyball).

World Naked Gardening DayEdit

 
A graphic for a gardening video celebrating World Naked Gardening Day in 2016.

People across the globe are encouraged on World Naked Gardening Day (WNGD), held in May each year, to tend their gardens in the nude. WNGD was organized by the Body Freedom Collaborative.[7]

Nudes-A-Poppin'Edit

Nudes-A-Poppin' is an annual pageant[8] for nude women and men competing in erotic dance. It held at the Ponderosa Sun Club in Roselawn, Indiana as a ticked fundraiser for the resort during which regular members are excluded.[9] It has been held annually since 1975.[10][11]

Clothing optional recreationEdit

Some nude or "clothing optional" recreation occurs in public spaces as occasional exceptions to social norms.

Museum ToursEdit

 
Nude visitors to the Portland Art Museum, 2013

In February 2013, the Leopold Museum of Vienna opened its doors to nude museum goers for an exhibit entitled "Nude Men from 1800 to Today". More than sixty visitors attended in the nude.[12]

In June 2013, the Portland Art Museum in Oregon admitted nude participants prior to the nighttime World Naked Bike Ride for a special exhibit called "Cyclepedia" on the art of bicycle design. Hundreds of patrons saw the exhibit in the nude.[13]

Nude bungee jumpingEdit

When A J Hackett opened the world's first commercial bungee jumping site at Kawarau Bridge near Queenstown, New Zealand, customers who performed the jump in the nude were granted free entry.[14] This offer was later withdrawn because too many jumpers were taking advantage of it,[15] but the site remains clothing-optional.[16] Billy Connolly famously bungee-jumped nude from the bridge during his 2004 World Tour.[17]

Since 2006 there has been an annual naked bungee jump at WildPlay park on Vancouver Island as a fund raiser for the Victoria Branch of BC Schizophrenia Society. The 2019 event drew more than 100 participants.[18]

Nude diningEdit

A nude restaurant (also referred to as a naked restaurant or a clothing-free restaurant) is a restaurant where diners are legally at liberty to be nude.

The Amrita restaurant in Japan, now closed, had strict rules of entry for its naked party.[19] Other nude restaurants have included The Bunyadi in London[20], O'naturel in Paris[21], Innato on the Canary Island of Tenerife, and L'Italo Americano, in Milan, all of which also closed.[22]

There are a number of bars and restaurants directly accessible from the clothing-optional beach at Orient Bay, Saint Martin which allow varying degrees of nudity. Although essentially wiped out by Hurricane Irma, they are slowly being rebuilt.[23]

Nude hikingEdit

 
Nude hiking in France

Nude hiking, also known as naked walking or freehiking, is a sub-category of the modern form of social nudity.

Neither nude hiking nor skinny-dipping are expressly prohibited by the US Forest Service, which instead applies laws against disorderly conduct as necessary.[24] Nudity was advocated by Colin Fletcher in his popular 1968 book, the Complete Walker.[25]

In the United Kingdom, Stephen Gough, known as The Naked Rambler, received much media coverage for walking naked from Land's End to John o' Groats in 2003–2004 and again in 2005–2006.[26] He was arrested and released several times during both his walks while in England, and was imprisoned in Scotland.[citation needed]

Conversely to Gough's experiences, in 2005 and 2006 the European Alps were crossed naked during a one-week hiking tour, and there was little media coverage. No one was arrested or troubled, and there was no police involvement. Most naked hikers report friendly reactions from people they meet.[27]

Some jurisdictions have regulations formally prohibiting nude hiking, and can impose fines or other punishments. A local bylaw to this effect was adopted, for example, by the 2009 General Meeting (Landsgemeinde) of the residents of the Swiss canton Appenzell Innerrhoden.[28] In nearby Appenzell Ausserrhoden, the court of second instance "Obergericht" reinforced an unpaid fine of 100 Swiss francs for naked hiking and added the court's cost of another 3330 Swiss Francs.[29]

Nudity at festivalsEdit

The Woodstock festival in 1969 was the first example of widespread, spontaneous nudity at an event open to the public. The Nambassa festivals held in New Zealand in the 1970s continued this phenomenon. Of the 75,000 patrons who attended the 1979 Nambassa three-day counterculture festival, an estimated 35% chose to remove their clothing,[30] preferring complete or partial nudity.[31]

Perhaps the biggest and most famous modern festival is Burning Man where camps range from non-sexual nudity to overtly sexually themed nudity. Since 2004 there has been a naked bike ride known as the "Naked Pub Crawl"."Playa Events". Burning Man. Retrieved December 13, 2019.

The Folsom Street Fair held in San Francisco is a leather and BDSM-themed fair.[citation needed]

Organized by the Federación Nudista de México (Mexican Nudist Federation)[32] since 2016 when Zipolite beach nudity was legalized,[33] FESTIVAL NUDISTA ZIPOLITE[32] occurs annually on the first weekend of February.[34]

Nudist festivals are held to celebrate particular days of the year, and in many such events nude bodypainting is also common, such as Neptune Day Festival held in Koktebel, Crimea to depict mythological events.[35][36]

Nudity in sportEdit

Nudity in sport, also known as nude sport, is the practice of taking part in sporting activity while nude.

In the 21st century, it is customary in most parts of the world for athletes to wear clothing. Such clothing generally covers--at a minimum--an athlete's genitalia.

 
Nude running at the Bay to Breakers

The 1974 book The Zen of Running recommends running barefoot and "as undressed as possible" to get "well bathed by sun and air".[37]

Nudity was banned from the Bay to Breakers race in San Francisco in 2009.[38]

A nude run called Carrera Nudista de Sopelana also takes place annually in summer in Sopelana (Bilbao/Spain) since 1999.[39]

HistoryEdit

 
The famous Discobolus of Myron.

It was a norm in Ancient Greece for athletes to exercise and compete in the nude.[40][41] The Greek practice to compete and exercise was strongly inspired by their gods and heroes. For the gods and heroes nudity was a part of their identity and a way to display their physical energy and power which the athletes attempted to honour and emulate.[42] Athletes from Greece and from Greek colonies came together for the Olympic Games and the other Panhellenic Games. They competed naked in almost all disciplines with the exception of chariot races, although there are depictions of naked chariot racers.[40]

The word gymnasium (Latin; from Greek gymnasion, being derived from Greek gymnos, meaning "naked"), originally denoting a place for the intellectual, moral and physical education of young men as future soldiers and (certainly in democracies) citizens (compare ephebos), is another testimony of the nudity in physical exercises. In some countries including Germany the word is still used for secondary schools, traditionally for boys. The more recent form gym is an abbreviation of gymnasium.[citation needed]

In Japan, female sumo wrestlers sometimes competed in the nude as a prayer for rain.[43]

Nude cyclingEdit

A clothing-optional bike ride is a cycling event in which nudity is permitted or expected. There are many clothing-optional cycling events around the world. Some rides are political, recreational, artistic or a unique combination. Some are used to promote topfreedom, a social movement to accord women and girls the right to be topless in public where men and boys have that right.

Body art (such as body painting) is a common form of creative expression, as are costumes, art bikes, bullhorns, boomboxes, and musical instruments.

Many of the political rides have their roots from Critical Mass and are often described or categorized as a form of political protest, street theatre, party-on-wheels, streaking, public nudity and clothing-optional recreation; thus, they attract a wide range of participants.

Solstice CyclistsEdit

 
Nude cyclists at 2019 Fremont Solstice Parade

The Solstice Cyclists (also known as The Painted [Naked] Cyclists of the Solstice Parade, or The Painted Cyclists) is an artistic, non-political, clothing-optional bike ride celebrating the Summer Solstice. It is the unofficial start of the Summer Solstice Parade & Pageant since 1992, an event produced by the Fremont Arts Council in the Fremont district of Seattle. The parade sets great value in creative decoration, many cyclists feature body painting and art bikes.[44]

World Naked Bike RideEdit

 
WNBR riders in Los Angeles

World Naked Bike Rides (WNBRs) are yearly clothing-optional bike rides in which each city's participants plan, meet and ride en masse on human-powered transport to "deliver a vision of a cleaner, safer, body-positive world" by attracting attention to a healthy alternative for vehicles that depend on fossil fuels; the naked body is used as a symbol for the vulnerability of humans to pollution, and of cyclists to the traffic in cities. These rides occur in about 75 cities across 6 continents, though in countries with a Romance language WNBRs are usually referred to by a name derived from their Spanish origin, "Ciclonudista".[citation needed]

World Naked Bike Rides have taken place all over the world since 2004 involving thousands of people. These take place in mostly western cities, where cyclists ride either partially or totally nude in a light-hearted attempt to draw attention to the danger of depending on fossil fuels.[45]

Nude rugbyEdit

A nude rugby match was held in Dunedin, New Zealand, each winter from 2002 to 2014, as pre-match entertainment for the first professional rugby game of the season. In more recent years it has become sporadic as organizers have other demands on their time.[46]

Nude sports in tropical culturesEdit

Many indigenous peoples in Africa and South America train and compete in sport competitions naked.[40] Nuba peoples in South Sudan and Xingu tribes in the Amazon basin region in Brazil, for example, wrestle naked, whereas Dinka, Surma and Mursi in South Sudan and Ethiopia, arrange stick fights.[40][47] Indian monks Digambara practice yoga naked (or sky-clad, as they prefer to call it).[40]

Nude swimming and nude beachesEdit

Nude swimming, or skinny dipping, is the practice of bathing naked in natural bodies of water, in swimming pools, or in hot tubs.

In some European countries, such as Denmark,[48] all beaches are clothing optional, while in others like Germany and experimentally in France,[49] there are naturist sunbathing areas in public parks, e.g., in Munich[50] and Berlin.[51] Beaches in some holiday destinations, such as Crete, are also clothing-optional, except some central urban beaches.[52] There are two centrally located clothes-optional beaches in Barcelona.[53] Sweden allows nudity on all beaches.[54]

In a survey by The Daily Telegraph, Germans and Austrians were most likely to have visited a nude beach (28%), followed by Norwegians (18%), Spaniards (17%), Australians (17%), and New Zealanders (16%). Of the nationalities surveyed, the Japanese (2%) were the least likely to have visited a nude beach.[55] This result may indicate the lack of nude beaches in Japan; however, the Japanese are open with regard to family bathing nude at home and at onsen (hot springs).[56]

It is not uncommon for private clubs to give patrons opportunities for nude swimming, at times by holding male-only or female-only sessions.[57]

Nude volleyballEdit

 
A nudist/naturist volleyball game at the Sunny Trails Club during the 1958 Canadian Sunbathing Association (CSA) convention in British Columbia, Canada.

Naturists/Nudists were early adopters of volleyball shortly after its invention in the late 19th century. Records of regular games in clubs can be found as early as the 1920s.[58][59] Given the outdoor nature of nudism/naturism a beach version of volleyball was naturally adopted. By the 1960s, a volleyball court could be found in almost all nudist/naturist clubs.[60]

Volleyball was perfect for naturism/nudism since most clubs were small and a volleyball court didn't require much space but involved many people. The game was also inclusive in that it supported varying levels of athleticism and did not require much equipment. But most importantly, it was ideal for nude play since there was no need for a team uniform or protective equipment.[61]

A large (over 70 teams) nude volleyball tournament has been held each fall since 1971 at White Thorn Lodge in western Pennsylvania[62] and several smaller tournaments occur each year throughout North America.[63]

QuotationsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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Sources

External linksEdit