Nuclear power by country
Nuclear power plants currently operate in 31 countries. Most are in Europe, North America, East Asia and South Asia. The United States is the largest producer of nuclear power, while France has the largest share of electricity generated by nuclear power. In 2010, before the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, it was reported that an average of about 10 nuclear reactors were expected to become operational per year, although according to the World Nuclear Association, of the 17 civilian reactors planned to become operational between 2007 and 2009, only five actually came on stream. Global nuclear electricity generation in 2012 was at its lowest level since 1999.
China has the fastest growing nuclear power program with 28 new reactors under construction, and a considerable number of new reactors are also being built in India, Russia and South Korea. At the same time, at least 100 older and smaller reactors will "most probably be closed over the next 10–15 years".
Some countries operated nuclear reactors in the past but have currently no operating nuclear plants. Among them, Italy closed all of its nuclear stations by 1990 and nuclear power has since been discontinued because of the 1987 referendums on which Italians voted. Lithuania, Kazakhstan and Armenia are planning to reintroduce nuclear power in the future.
Several countries are currently operating nuclear power plants but are planning a nuclear power phase-out. These are Belgium, Germany, Spain, and Switzerland. Other countries, like Netherlands, Sweden, and Taiwan are also considering a phase-out. Austria never started to use its first nuclear plant that was completely built.
Due to financial, political and technical reasons, Cuba, Libya, North Korea, and Poland never completed the construction of their first nuclear plants, and Australia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Ghana, Ireland, Kuwait, Oman, Peru, Singapore, and Venezuela never built their planned first nuclear plants.
Of the 31 countries in which nuclear power plants operate, only France, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belgium, and Hungary use them as the source for a majority of the country's electricity supply. Other countries have significant amounts of nuclear power generation capacity. By far the largest nuclear electricity producers are the United States with 805 647 GWh of nuclear electricity in 2017, followed by France with 381 846 GWh. As of December 2017, 448 reactors with a net capacity of 391,721 MWe are operational, and 59 reactors with net capacity of 60,460 MWe are under construction. Of the reactors under construction, 18 reactors with 19,016 MWe are in China.
|Share of total
|Germany||8||0||10799||72162.80||11.6%||Phase-out by 2022|
|Japan||42||2||39752||29285.05||3.6%||Most reactors currently stopped|
|Korea, Republic of||25||2||23070||141278.32||27.1%|
|United Arab Emirates||0||4||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|World total||451||60||394,054 MWe||2,488 TWh|
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- "The Nuclear Renaissance".
- "China Nuclear Power - Chinese Nuclear Energy".
- Duroyan Fertl (5 June 2011). "Germany: Nuclear power to be phased out by 2022". Green Left.
- James Kanter (25 May 2011). "Switzerland Decides on Nuclear Phase-Out". New York Times.
- "Operational & Long-Term Shutdown Reactors". IAEA. 13 April 2013. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
- "Nuclear Share of Electricity Generation in 2017". IAEA. 24 May 2018. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
- Nuclear Power Reactors in the World (PDF). Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency. 2018. ISBN 978-92-0-101418-4.