Nuclear C*-algebra

In mathematics, a nuclear C*-algebra is a C*-algebra A such that the injective and projective C*-cross norms on AB are the same for every C*-algebra B. This property was first studied by Takesaki (1964) under the name "Property T", which is not related to Kazhdan's property T.


Nuclearity admits the following equivalent characterizations:

See alsoEdit


  • Connes, Alain (1976), "Classification of injective factors.", Annals of Mathematics, Second Series, 104 (1): 73–115, doi:10.2307/1971057, ISSN 0003-486X, JSTOR 1971057, MR 0454659
  • Effros, Edward G.; Ruan, Zhong-Jin (2000), Operator spaces, London Mathematical Society Monographs. New Series, 23, The Clarendon Press Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-853482-2, MR 1793753
  • Lance, E. Christopher (1982), "Tensor products and nuclear C*-algebras", Operator algebras and applications, Part I (Kingston, Ont., 1980), Proc. Sympos. Pure Math., 38, Providence, R.I.: Amer. Math. Soc., pp. 379–399, MR 0679721
  • Pisier, Gilles (2003), Introduction to operator space theory, London Mathematical Society Lecture Note Series, 294, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-81165-1, MR 2006539
  • Rørdam, M. (2002), "Classification of nuclear simple C*-algebras", Classification of nuclear C*-algebras. Entropy in operator algebras, Encyclopaedia Math. Sci., 126, Berlin, New York: Springer-Verlag, pp. 1–145, MR 1878882
  • Takesaki, Masamichi (1964), "On the cross-norm of the direct product of C*-algebras", The Tohoku Mathematical Journal, Second Series, 16: 111–122, doi:10.2748/tmj/1178243737, ISSN 0040-8735, MR 0165384
  • Takesaki, Masamichi (2003), "Nuclear C*-algebras", Theory of operator algebras. III, Encyclopaedia of Mathematical Sciences, 127, Berlin, New York: Springer-Verlag, pp. 153–204, ISBN 978-3-540-42913-5, MR 1943007