Nowogard ([nɔˈvɔɡart]) (Kashubian: Nowògard; formerly German: Naugard) is a town in northwestern Poland, in the West Pomeranian Voivodeship. As of 2004 it had a population of 16,733.

Nowogard
Town hall in Nowogard
Town hall in Nowogard
Coat of arms of Nowogard
Nowogard is located in Poland
Nowogard
Nowogard
Nowogard is located in West Pomeranian Voivodeship
Nowogard
Nowogard
Coordinates: 53°40′N 15°7′E / 53.667°N 15.117°E / 53.667; 15.117Coordinates: 53°40′N 15°7′E / 53.667°N 15.117°E / 53.667; 15.117
Country Poland
VoivodeshipWest Pomeranian
CountyGoleniów
GminaNowogard
First mentioned1268
Town rights1309
Area
 • Total12.46 km2 (4.81 sq mi)
Population
 (2006)
 • Total16,745
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
72–200
Vehicle registrationZGL
HighwaysS6-PL.svg
Voivodeship roadsDW106-PL.svg DW144-PL.svg
Websitehttp://nowogard.pl

NameEdit

Nowogard is a combination of two Slavic terms: novi (new) and gard, which is Pomeranian for town, city, or fortified settlement. In this capacity, the term gard (or gôrd) is still being used in the only surviving variation of the Pomeranian language, Kashubian.

LocationEdit

Nowogard has been situated in Goleniow County of West Pomeranian Voivodship since 1999, but formerly in Szczecin Voivodship from 1975 to 1998. It is located 60 kilometres (37 mi) northeast of Szczecin and 55 kilometres (34 mi) south of the Baltic coast

HistoryEdit

 
Medieval town walls

In the 10th century the area became part of Poland.[1] Probably then the first Catholic chapel was established in present-day Nowogard.[1] The town's origins go back to a fortified Slavic settlement which was the seat of the local castellan.[2] The settlement was first mentioned in 1268 as "Nogart" when Barnim I, the Duke of Pomerania granted it as a fief to the Bishopric of Cammin (Kamień Pomorski). The bishops erected a castle in the city.[2] In 1274, the town and its surrounding area was administered by Otto von Eberstein, it remained in the possession of the "von Eberstein" family until 1663. In 1309 the town adopted German town law.

In the first half of the 14th century, fortifications were erected with an oblong market square in the center of the town. This is where the town hall and the St. Mary's Church were erected. In 1663, after the death of the last Eberstein, Naugard became property of Ernst Bogislaw von Croÿ and in 1684, property of the electors of Brandenburg.[2] During the Napoleonic Wars, in 1807, the town was captured by allied Polish-French-Italian forces.[1] In the 18th century, the town became part of Prussia, and from 1871 it was also part of Germany. During World War II many forced labourers of different nationalities were brought to the town by the Germans,[1] and there was also a Nazi German prison for youth in the town.[3]

Throughout the Soviet East Pomeranian Offensive operation of World War II up to 60 percent of the town was destroyed.[2] On the 5 March 1945, the town was taken by the Red Army, and the population fled or was expelled in accordance to the Potsdam Agreement. Following the war, Nowogard became again part of Poland, although with a Soviet-installed communist regime, which stayed in power until the Fall of Communism in the 1980s. It was resettled with Poles. The first new Polish settlers were the freed forced labourers.[1]

SightsEdit

 
Nowogard's lake during winter season
 
Church of the Assumption

The city's main tourist attraction is a large lake which extends to the center of Nowogard. Its surface covers 1.12 square kilometres (12,100,000 sq ft) with a length of 2,680 metres (8,790 ft) and a width of 620 metres (2,030 ft). Surrounding forests have mushrooms, berries and game. Historic heritage sights include the Gothic Church of the Assumption and medieval town walls.

PopulationEdit

 
A police station in Nowogard
  • 1875: 4,765 inhabitants
  • 1880: 4,949 inhabitants
  • 1890: 4,872 inhabitants
  • 1925: 6,302 inhabitants
  • 1933: 7,356 inhabitants
  • 1939: 8,202 inhabitants[4]
  • 1960: 6,500 inhabitants
  • 1970: 8,800 inhabitants
  • 1975: 9,900 inhabitants
  • 1980: 11,300 inhabitants

TransportEdit

The Polish S6 highway acts as a bypass of the town, and the Voivodeship roads (roads of regional importance) 106 and 144 pass through the town. There is also a train station in Nowogard.

Notable residentsEdit

International relationsEdit

Twin towns — sister citiesEdit

Nowogard is twinned with:

In 1963 West Germany (FRG) town of Heide took over a partnership for the expelled populace of Naugard. In 1996 this led to the signing of a contract of partnership between Heide and Nowogard in which the former populace is regarded "constitutive partners".[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Kalendarium Nowogardu" (in Polish). Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d nowogard.pl (in Polish)
  3. ^ "Jugendgefängnis Naugard". Bundesarchiv.de (in German). Retrieved 27 November 2021.
  4. ^ verwaltungsgeschichte.de (in German)
  5. ^ heide.de (in German)

External linksEdit