Nowe Miasto Lubawskie

Nowe Miasto Lubawskie [ˈnɔvɛ ˈmʲastɔ luˈbafskʲɛ] (German: About this soundNeumark in Westpreußen ) is a town in Poland, situated on the River Drwęca. The total population in June 2018 was 11,062. Nowe Miasto Lubawskie is the capital of Nowe Miasto County (Polish: powiat nowomiejski) and was assigned to the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship in 1999.

Nowe Miasto Lubawskie
Nowe Miasto Lubawskie, dawny kosciół ewangelicki.jpg
Brama Kurzętnicka.JPG
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Nowe Miasto Lubawskie, Rynek 1, Urząd Miasta.jpg
Nowe Miasto Lubawskie, Rynek 2.jpg
  • From top, left to right: Former Protestant church at the Market Square
  • Brodnicka Gate
  • St. Thomas' Basilica
  • Town Hall
  • Townhouses at the Market Square
Flag of Nowe Miasto Lubawskie
Coat of arms of Nowe Miasto Lubawskie
Coat of arms
Nowe Miasto Lubawskie is located in Poland
Nowe Miasto Lubawskie
Nowe Miasto Lubawskie
Nowe Miasto Lubawskie is located in Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship
Nowe Miasto Lubawskie
Nowe Miasto Lubawskie
Coordinates: 53°25′32″N 19°35′16″E / 53.42556°N 19.58778°E / 53.42556; 19.58778Coordinates: 53°25′32″N 19°35′16″E / 53.42556°N 19.58778°E / 53.42556; 19.58778
Country Poland
Voivodeship Warmian-Masurian
CountyNowe Miasto
GminaNowe Miasto Lubawskie (urban gmina)
Town rights1325
 • MayorJózef Blank
 • Total11.37 km2 (4.39 sq mi)
82 m (269 ft)
 • Total11,062
 • Density970/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Area code(s)+48 56
Car platesNNM

Geographical locationEdit

Nowe Miasto Lubawskie lies on the right (west) bank of the upper course of the River Drwęca in Gdańsk Pomerania, some 15 km south-west of the town of Lubawa, 70 km south-west of the town of Olsztyn, and 120 km south-east of the region's capital, Gdańsk.


Early history involved settlement by early Slavic peoples; later settlement was by Old Prussians who were conquered by Polish ruler Bolesław Krzywousty.[1] In 1310 the Teutonic Order acquired the region of Gdańsk Pomerania and Otto von Luttenberg, Komtur of Culm, founded the settlement in 1325.[citation needed] It was known under the names Nuwenmarkt, Novum Forum and Nowy Targ.[1] Between 1334–43 it was the seat of a Vogt of the Teutonic Order.[citation needed] It adopted Kulm law in 1353.

In Polish–Teutonic War of 1410 the town briefly became part of Poland due to result of local fighting, and remained so until the 1411 Peace Treaty. In 1454, the city joined the Prussian Confederation, an association of cities and gentry that opposed the policies of the Order and wanted the region to become part of Poland.

Old granary

After the Second Peace of Thorn (1466) the town was reincorporated into the Kingdom of Poland, where it remained until 1772. Administratively, it was part of the Chełmno Voivodeship in the province of Royal Prussia (which after 1569 was itself part of the province of Greater Poland). During the Reformation, in 1581 the parish church, which is almost as old as the town itself, became evangelical.[citation needed] In the 18th century the town was still surrounded by a town wall and by a rampart, and the parish church was Catholic.[2] A Protestant church was built in 1824.[citation needed]

In the First Partition of Poland in 1772 Gdańsk Pomerania was incorporated into the Kingdom of Prussia, and Neumark belonged now to the newly formed province of West Prussia. It was briefly regained by the Poles and was part of the short-lived Polish Duchy of Warsaw between 1807 and 1815, and later it, again, fell under Prussian rule. At the end of the 19th century, the town was capital of Landkreis Löbau in the Prussian administrative district of Regierungsbezirk Marienwerder in West Prussia, where it remained until 1919. It had a Lutheran and a Catholic church, a Progymnasium, a court, a steam mill with grain trading, and (as of 1885) 2,678 inhabitants. The monastery Maria-Lonk was nearby. Around 1908 the town also had a dairy, an electric power plant, three sawmills and brickwork.[3]

When after World War I the Treaty of Versailles became effective in January 1920, and the Polish Corridor was created, the town was incorporated into the Second Polish Republic, close to the border with German East Prussia. During the Second Polish Republic, Nowe Miasto Lubawskie was the capital of Nowe Miasto County (Polish: powiat nowomiejski) in the Polish Pomeranian Voivodeship.

A monument commemorating 150 Poles murdered by the Nazi Germans in the Bratian forest massacre [pl]

On 3 September 1939, during the German Invasion of Poland, the town and the local area were occupied. Afterwards 2,500 civilians were murdered in actions carried out by the SS and units made up from German minority's militia, the Selbstschutz.[1] From 26 October 1939 to 1945 Neumark belonged to Landkreis Löbau/Neumark in the province of Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia.

On 21 January 1945 the town was captured by the Red Army. After the war the town returned to Poland which by then had become the People's Republic of Poland.

Elementary school
Medieval Lubawska Gate (Brama Lubawska)

Number of inhabitants by yearEdit

Year Number[2][3][4][5]
1789 809
1831 1,188
1875 2,371
1880 2,742
1885 2,678
1890 2,723
1905 3,800
1910 4,144
1921 3,721
1943 4,884
2006 11,036
2011 11,162

Famous peopleEdit

International relationsEdit

Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit

Nowe Miasto Lubawskie is twinned with:


  1. ^ a b c "O Mieście Urząd Nowego Miasta Lubawskiego". Archived from the original on 2012-02-04.
  2. ^ a b Goldbeck, Johann Friedrich (1789). Vollständige Topographie des Königreichs Preußen, Part II. Marienwerder. pp. 45–46.
  3. ^ a b Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon. 14 (6th ed.). Leipzig and Vienna. 1908. p. 565–566.
  4. ^ Rademacher, Michael (2006). "Provinz Westpreußen, Kreis Löbau/Neumark" [German administrative history of the province of West Prussia, district of Löbau/Neumark]. Deutsche Verwaltungsgeschichte (in German). Archived from the original on 2013-07-12.
  5. ^ Preuß, August Eduard (1835). Preußische Landes- und Volkskunde. Königsberg. p. 436.

External linksEdit