The following events occurred in November 1938:
November 1, 1938 (Tuesday)Edit
November 2, 1938 (Wednesday)Edit
- Vienna Award: An Italo-German arbitration commission gave Hungary a large piece of Czechoslovakian territory consisting of 5,000 square miles of land and a million people.
- The Spanish cargo ship SS Cantabria was sunk by a Nationalist cruiser.
- Born: Pat Buchanan, politician and commentator, in Washington, D.C.; David Lane, white supremacist, in Woden, Iowa (d. 2007); Queen Sophia of Spain, in Psychiko, Athens, Greece
November 3, 1938 (Thursday)Edit
- Japanese Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoe addressed the nation, announcing a "New Order in East Asia" based, he said, on cooperation between Japan, China and Manchukuo.
- The bronze statue General Artemas Ward by Leonard Crunelle was dedicated at Ward Circle in Washington, D.C.
- Born: Yvon Cormier, professional wrestler, in Dorchester, New Brunswick, Canada (d. 2009)
November 4, 1938 (Friday)Edit
November 5, 1938 (Saturday)Edit
November 6, 1938 (Sunday)Edit
November 7, 1938 (Monday)Edit
November 8, 1938 (Tuesday)Edit
November 9, 1938 (Wednesday)Edit
- Kristallnacht: A wave of violence targeting Jews occurred throughout Germany and Austria in retaliation for the assassination of Ernst vom Rath. Nazi authorities did not interfere as Jewish shops and synagogues were burned and looted, but 20,000 Jews were arrested. The vast amounts of broken glass littering the streets outside the Jewish shops gave the night its name.
- Swiss citizen Maurice Bavaud attended a parade in Munich celebrating the 15th anniversary of the Beer Hall Putsch with the intention of assassinating Adolf Hitler with a pistol. However, Hitler marched on the far side of the street relative to Bavaud's position making the shot too difficult, so he abandoned his attempt.
- The Cole Porter stage musical Leave It to Me! opened at the Imperial Theatre on Broadway.
- Died: Vasily Blyukher, 48, Soviet military commander (killed in the Great Purge); Ernst vom Rath, 29, German diplomat (shot)
November 10, 1938 (Thursday)Edit
November 11, 1938 (Friday)Edit
- İsmet İnönü became 2nd President of Turkey.
- German Interior Minister Wilhelm Frick passed a decree prohibiting Jews from possessing weapons.
- In Paris, the Duke and Duchess of Windsor met with the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester. It was the first time the brothers had met since Edward's abdication.
- Died: Typhoid Mary, 69, American carrier of typhoid fever
November 12, 1938 (Saturday)Edit
- The Decree on the Exclusion of Jews from German Economic Life closed all Jewish-owned businesses in Germany.
- All of Germany's Jews were ordered to pay a collective fine of 1 billion Reichsmarks for the murder of Ernst vom Rath. Each Jew in possession of property over 50,000 RM was required to pay 20 percent of its value.
- "My Reverie" by Larry Clinton topped the American popular music charts.
- Born: Benjamin Mkapa, 3rd President of Tanzania, in Ndanda, Tanganyika
November 13, 1938 (Sunday)Edit
- The Changsha fire began in Changsha, China. The fire was deliberately set by Chinese soldiers to keep the city's wealth from the Japanese.
- Maurice Bavaud was caught stowing away on a train in Augsburg. Later when interrogated by the Gestapo he admitted his plan to assassinate Hitler.
- Born: Jean Seberg, actress, in Marshalltown, Iowa (d. 1979)
November 14, 1938 (Monday)Edit
November 15, 1938 (Tuesday)Edit
- All Jewish children were banned from German public schools.
- U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt read a statement to the media strongly condemning the persecution of Jews in Germany and announcing that he had recalled the American ambassador to Germany.
- Italy ordered the removal of all books by Jewish authors from schools.
- Died: André Blondel, 75, French engineer and physicist; Harry Grant Dart, 69, US cartoonist
November 16, 1938 (Wednesday)Edit
- The Battle of the Ebro ended in a decisive Nationalist victory.
- The Congress of Industrial Organizations granted United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America the first charter.
- The Halifax Slasher scare began in West Yorkshire, England when two young women reported being attacked by an unseen assailant with a mallet or hatchet.
- Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) was first synthesized by chemist Albert Hofmann.
- Born: Robert Nozick, philosopher, in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2002)
November 17, 1938 (Thursday)Edit
- The Italian Racial Laws passed on October 7 were adopted and became known as the November Laws.
- 11 people were trampled to death in Istanbul when the crowd pushed forward at Mustafa Kemal Atatürk's lying in state, fearing the doors would close before they could see his flag-draped coffin.
- Ernst vom Rath was given a state funeral in Düsseldorf attended by Hitler.
- Born: Charles Guthrie, Baron Guthrie of Craigiebank, British Army General, in the United Kingdom; Gordon Lightfoot, folk singer-songwriter, in Orillia, Ontario, Canada
November 18, 1938 (Friday)Edit
- 3,500 members of the motion picture industry attended a "Quarantine Hitler" rally at the Philharmonic Auditorium in Los Angeles. John Garfield, Frank Capra, Joan Crawford and Thomas Mann were among the participants. The crowd unanimously voted to send a telegram to President Roosevelt urging him to use his authority to "express further the horror and the indignation of the American people" at the Nazi persecutions of Jews and Catholics.
November 19, 1938 (Saturday)Edit
November 20, 1938 (Sunday)Edit
November 21, 1938 (Monday)Edit
- Neville Chamberlain told the House of Commons of plans to lease at least 10,000 square miles in British Guiana to provide homes for German Jewish refugees.
- The U.S. Supreme Court decided General Talking Pictures Corp. v. Western Electric Co.
November 22, 1938 (Tuesday)Edit
- Hungary ordered the expulsion of Czechoslovaks from the territory occupied after the Vienna Award.
November 23, 1938 (Wednesday)Edit
November 24, 1938 (Thursday)Edit
- A Thanksgiving snow storm began along the eastern seaboard of the United States that killed 44 people overnight.
- Hitler ordered his military to prepare for an occupation of Danzig.
- The Clifford Odets play Rocket to the Moon premiered at the Belasco Theatre in New York City.
- Born: Oscar Robertson, basketball player, in Charlotte, Tennessee; Charles Starkweather, murderer, in Lincoln, Nebraska (d. 1959)
- Died: Prince Johann Georg of Saxony, 69
November 25, 1938 (Friday)Edit
November 26, 1938 (Saturday)Edit
- Édouard Daladier decreed the military requisition of all principal railways in a bid to crush the French general strike before it even began.
- Poland and the Soviet Union renewed their non-aggression pact of July 1932.
- Army defeated Navy 14-7 in the Army–Navy Game in Philadelphia.
- The gangster film Angels with Dirty Faces starring James Cagney and Pat O'Brien was released.
- Born: Porter Goss, politician, in Waterbury, Connecticut
November 27, 1938 (Sunday)Edit
- Édouard Daladier gave a radio address to the French people saying he would use all means necessary to break up the scheduled general strike and claiming that the labour agitation was a plot to set up a leftist dictatorship.
- Chicago White Sox pitcher Monty Stratton accidentally shot himself in the leg while hunting rabbits on his mother's farm near Greenville, Texas. He never played in the majors again.
- Frank Sinatra was arrested by the Bergen County Sheriff's Office. Sinatra was arrested for carrying on with a married woman, a criminal offense at the time.
November 28, 1938 (Monday)Edit
- A police decree in Nazi Germany authorized presidents of administrative districts to order restrictions on freedom of movement for Jews.
- Davey O'Brien of Texas Christian University won the Heisman Trophy.
- Born: Ernie Ladd, AFL defensive tackle and professional wrestler, in Rayville, Louisiana (d. 2007)
November 29, 1938 (Tuesday)Edit
- One of the Halifax Slasher's "victims", Percy Waddington, confessed to faking the attack on himself.
- The Reichsmusikkammer ordered that the Badenweiler Marsch only be performed in the presence of the Führer.
- Nazi Germany forbade Jews from keeping carrier pigeons.
- Died: Branislaw Tarashkyevich, 46, Belarusian politician and linguist (killed in the Great Purge)
November 30, 1938 (Wednesday)Edit
- The French general strike fizzled with only a few workers participating, but many labour leaders were arrested.
- Members of the Italian Chamber of Fasci and Corporations demanded that France turn over Corsica and Tunisia to Italy.
- Emil Hácha became 3rd President of Czechoslovakia.
- Nazi leaders were instructed to have flowers held by onlookers confiscated by security wherever Hitler's motorcade was about to pass through. The Nazis had been trying unsuccessfully for years to discourage the practice of throwing flowers at Hitler because it was feared that an assassin could throw a bouquet containing a bomb.
- Henry Ford issued a statement urging that Germany's persecuted Jews be allowed to come to the United States. "I believe that the United States cannot fail at this time to maintain its traditional role as a haven for the oppressed", Ford's statement read. "I am convinced not only that this country could absorb many of the victims of oppression who must find a refuge outside of their native lands, but that as many of them as could be admitted under our selective quota would constitute a real asset to our country."
- Died: Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, 39, Romanian far right politician
- "Seabiscuit Wins; Breaks Record at Pimlico". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 2, 1938. p. 23.
- "Chronology 1938". indiana.edu. 2002. Retrieved September 19, 2015.
- Wu, T'ien-Wei. "Contending Political Forces." China's Bitter Victory: The War with Japan, 1937–1945. Ed. James C. Hsiung & Steven I. Levine. New York: M. E. Sharpe, Inc. 1992. p. 67. ISBN 9780765636324.
- "November 4, 1938". PlaneCrashInfo. Retrieved September 19, 2015.
- "Hungary Takes Czech Sector". Brooklyn Eagle. November 5, 1938. p. 1.
- "1938". MusicAndHistory. Archived from the original on August 28, 2012. Retrieved September 19, 2015.
- Thomsett, Michael C. (1997). The German Opposition to Hitler: The Resistance, the Underground, and Assassination Plots, 1938–1945. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc. pp. 96–97. ISBN 9780786403721.
- "Leave It to Me!". Playbill Vault. Retrieved September 19, 2015.
- "Tageseinträge für 11. November 1938". chroniknet. Retrieved September 19, 2015.
- Small, Alex (November 12, 1938). "Windsor Again Wins Favor of British Royalty". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
- "Antisemitic Legislation 1933–1939". Holocaust Encyclopedia. Retrieved September 19, 2015.
- Cymet, David (2010). History vs. Apologetics: The Holocaust, the Third Reich, and the Catholic Church. Plymouth: Lexington Books. pp. 123, 155. ISBN 9780739132951.
- Kowal, Barry (December 7, 2014). "Your Hit Parade (USA) Weekly Single Charts From 1938". Hits of All Decades. Retrieved September 19, 2015.
- "Tageseinträge für 13. November 1938". chroniknet. Retrieved September 19, 2015.
- Henning, Arthur Sears (November 16, 1938). "President Rips into Nazis for Harassing Jews". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 3.
- Maurice Horn (1999). The World Encyclopedia of Cartoons. Chelsea House. p. 221. ISBN 978-0-7910-5185-6.
- Harry Grant Dart at the Lambiek Comiclopedia. Retrieved on July 8, 2008. Archived from the original on March 17, 2015.
- "Haunts of the Halifax Slasher". 2ubh. Retrieved September 19, 2015.
- Wilson, Christopher S. (2013). Beyond Anitkabir: The Funerary Architecture of Atatürk. Ashgate. ISBN 9781472416896.
- Friedrich, Jörg (2006). The Fire: The Bombing of Germany, 1940–1945. Columbia University Press. p. 215. ISBN 9780231133814.
- Doherty, Thomas (2007). Hollywood's Censor: Joseph I. Breen and the Production Code Administration. Columbia University Press. p. 210. ISBN 9780231143592.
- "Japs Close Han River in China to Foreign Ships". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 21, 1938. p. 7.
- "British Move to Open Guiana Haven to Jews". Brooklyn Eagle. November 21, 1938. p. 1.
- "Czechs Ousted by Hungary". Brooklyn Eagle. November 22, 1938. p. 1.
- "The Boys from Syracuse". Playbill Vault. Retrieved September 19, 2015.
- "44 Die as Snowstorm, Gale Lash Coast". Brooklyn Eagle. November 25, 1938. p. 1.
- Young, William (2006). German Diplomatic Relations 1871–1945. Lincoln, Nebraska: iUniverse. p. 257. ISBN 9780595407064.
- "Rocket to the Moon". Playbill Vault. Retrieved September 19, 2015.
- "Call General Strike to Curb Paris Premier". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 26, 1938. p. 1.
- "French Army Runs Railways". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 27, 1938. p. 1.
- "Tageseinträge für 26. November 1938". chroniknet. Retrieved September 19, 2015.
- "Army Wins Over Navy, 14-7; Duke Whips Pitt, 7-0". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 27, 1938. p. 1.
- Small, Alex (November 28, 1938). "French Strike a Red Dictator Plot – Daladier". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
- "Monty Stratton, 70, Pitcher Who Inspired Movie, Is Dead". The New York Times. September 30, 1982. Retrieved September 19, 2015.
- Majer, Diemut (2003). "Non-Germans" Under the Third Reich. Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 171. ISBN 9780801864933.
- "O'Brien Given Honors by Two Eastern Groups". Abilene Reporter-News. Abilene, Texas. November 29, 1938. p. 13.
- "Tageseinträge für 29. November 1938". chroniknet. Retrieved September 19, 2015.
- Hoffmann, Peter (2000). Hitler's Personal Security. Da Capo Press. p. 96. ISBN 9780306809477.
- "Let Persecuted Jews into U. S., Ford Advocates". Chicago Daily Tribune. December 1, 1938. p. 2.