November 1909

01 02 03 04 05 06
07 08 09 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30  
November 13, 1909: 259 people killed in Cherry Mine disaster
November 14, 1909: Yachtsman Joshua Slocum and Spray are lost at sea

The following events occurred in November 1909:

November 1, 1909 (Monday)Edit

  • The Gran Quivira National Monument was established in the New Mexico Territory by Proclamation No. 882 of President Taft. The ruins of the Pueblo Indians date to the 9th century, and those of the Spanish missionaries to the 17th century.[1]

November 2, 1909 (Tuesday)Edit

November 3, 1909 (Wednesday)Edit

  • In Paris, Henry Farman broke the duration record for an airplane flight, staying airborne for four hours over 144 miles (232 km).[6]
  • Lt. George C. Sweet became the first U.S. Navy officer to fly in an airplane, as a passenger for nine minutes on the Wright Flyer, piloted by Army Lt. Frank P. Lahm.[7]
  • The city of Limon, Colorado, was incorporated.[8]

November 4, 1909 (Thursday)Edit

 
"First pig to fly"

November 5, 1909 (Friday)Edit

  • The United States Armed Forces lost its only airplane, when the Army's Wright Military Flyer, was severely damaged during a landing at the College Park Airport in Maryland. A year later, when a Congressional investigation determined "that our entire Air Force consisted of one wrecked plane, one pilot, and 9 enlisted men", funding was voted for the purchase of new aircraft on March 3, 1911.[7]
  • At New Orleans, passengers arriving from Belize reported that the entire Navy of Honduras had been sunk. The warship Tatumbia, a converted tugboat, collided with a freighter at the Puerto Cortés and sank, but no lives were lost.[13]
  • William Henry Pickering, the Harvard University astronomer, announced that Earth would pass through the tail of Halley's Comet on May 18, 1910.[14]
  • Federal Judge Frank Hutton ruled, in Los Angeles, that Arabs and other Middle Easterners were of the White race. American immigration authorities had denied a Mr. Shishim a petition to become a citizen on the grounds that Arabs were Asiatic, and barred under a law against the naturalization of "Mongolians".[15]
  • The first Woolworth's department store in Britain opened in Liverpool, as the American chain expanded into Europe.[16]

November 6, 1909 (Saturday)Edit

  • Notre Dame defeated Michigan 11–3 at Ann Arbor. Wolverines' coach Fielding H. Yost commented "I take my hat off to the Irishmen", and reporter E.A. Batchelor of the Detroit Free Press gave Notre Dame a nickname that stuck. Beneath the headline "U. of M. Outplayed and Beaten By the Notre Dame Eleven" was the subhead "Shorty Longman's Fighting Irishmen Humble the Wolverines to Tune of 11 to 3".[17]
  • USS Plunger, the first U.S. Navy submarine and first of the Plunger-class submarines, was decommissioned.[18]

November 7, 1909 (Sunday)Edit

  • Wilfreid Robinson, editor of the Roswell Register-Tribune, declined an offer to be made Governor of the Territory of New Mexico. George Curry was succeeded instead, on March 1, 1910, by William J. Mills, the 19th and last Territorial Governor. Robinson preferred to continue editing the newspaper.[19]
  • Born: Nellie Campobello, founder of the Mexican ballet, in Villa Ocampo (d. 1986)
  • Died: Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Jr., eight months, son of Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt

November 8, 1909 (Monday)Edit

 
Hémery
  • Victor Hémery of France became the first person to drive an automobile faster than 200 kilometers per hour, and the first to go faster than 125 miles (201 km) per hour. At the Brooklands track in England, his speed in a 200 PS Benz was 202.7 km/h (125.94 mph).[20]

November 9, 1909 (Tuesday)Edit

  • Louis Chevrolet won the inaugural 200-mile (320 km) stock chassis race at the Atlanta motor raceway, becoming the first person to go that distance in less than three hours (2:46:48). He drove a Buick, and would soon have an entire line of General Motors automobiles named for him. Lewis Strang bettered, by five seconds, Barney Oldfield's record for one mile (1.6 km), covering it in 37.30 seconds.[21]
  • Born: Paweł Jasienica, Polish dissident author, in Simbirsk, Russia (d. 1970)

November 10, 1909 (Wednesday)Edit

November 11, 1909 (Thursday)Edit

  • The river town of Cairo, Illinois, was the scene of one of the most gruesome lynchings in American history. Will "Froggy" James, an African-American charged with the murder of a white woman (Annie Pelley, age 22), was taken from the Sheriff's custody by a mob, then hanged from an arch at 8th and Commercial Street, in front of thousands of cheering spectators, at 8:00 pm. Three hours later, Henry Salzner, a White man charged with murdering his wife, was taken from the county jail and hanged from a telegraph pole at 21st and Washington Street. In James's case, the rope broke and men in the mob riddled him with hundreds of bullets, then butchered the body, placing the severed head upon a pole and cutting the rest for souvenirs, before burning what remained. Order was restored only after the state militia was called out by Governor Deneen.[26]
  • Born: Robert Ryan, American actor, in Chicago (d. 1973)

November 12, 1909 (Friday)Edit

November 13, 1909 (Saturday)Edit

  • The Cherry Mine Disaster, the third deadliest coal mine accident in United States history, killed 247 coal miners, and 12 rescuers. Another 234 were saved by the rescue team that descended into the shaft six times, but failed to return on the seventh trip. A blaze started inside a mine shaft between noon and 1:00 pm. A carload of hay bales had been set too near to a kerosene torch. Fed by the ventilation system, the flames spread to the mine timbers and asphyxiated half of the men and boys working inside. As the third major mine disaster in as many years, the fire at Cherry, Illinois, led to the creation of the U.S. Bureau of Mines, and the first workers' compensation legislation in the United States.[28]

November 14, 1909 (Sunday)Edit

 
Joshua Slocum
  • Joshua Slocum had, in 1898, made the first solo circumnavigation of the globe, sailing in his yacht, the Spray. After refitting the Spray for another voyage, Slocum departed from Martha's Vineyard and was never seen again.[29]
  • Marguerite Steinheil, a wealthy socialite, was acquitted in Paris of charges of the murder of her husband, Adolphe Steinheil, and her mother, Mme. Edouard Japy.[30]
  • Buenos Aires Police Chief Ramon Falcon was assassinated by Simon Radowitzky, a Russian Jewish anarchist. The backlash that followed against immigrants, Jews and labor organizers was later described as the first of the "Buenos Aires Pogroms".[31]

November 15, 1909 (Monday)Edit

  • The U.S. Secret Service broke the last remains of the counterfeiting ring operated by the Joseph Morello syndicate, rounding up 14 Mafiosi at locations across New York[32]

November 16, 1909 (Tuesday)Edit

  • AT&T acquired a 25 percent ownership of the Western Union Telegraph Company by purchasing the stock owned by George J. Gould.[33]
  • The University of Pittsburgh Publicity Committee officially adopted the nickname "Panthers" for its athletic teams, on suggestion from undergraduate student George Baird.[34]
  • Representatives from Britain, the U.S., France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, Spain and Austria-Hungary met in London as part of the Ninth International Geographic Conference project for "the standardization of an international map on the scale of 1:1,000,000".[35]
  • Born: Khalifatul Mashih III of the Ahmadiyya Community (d. 1982)

November 17, 1909 (Wednesday)Edit

  • Leonard Groce and Lee Roy Cannon, two Americans who had served as mercenaries in a rebellion in Nicaragua, were executed by a firing squad at 10:00 a.m.. The two men had been captured while laying mines in the San Juan River in an attempt to blow up the troop ship Diamante. The incident became the pretext for the overthrow, with American assistance, of President José Santos Zelaya.[36]
  • Arthur Wieferich was awarded the Wolfskehl Prize and 1,000 marks for a partial proof of Fermat's last theorem. The theorem, first postulated by Pierre de Fermat, would finally be proven in 1995.[37]

November 18, 1909 (Thursday)Edit

 
Mrs. Stetson
  • Mount Teide, a volcano on Tenerife the Canary Islands, erupted for the last time, with a blast from nine volcano mouths on the Chinyero side;[38] in 1798, the longest volcanic eruption on record took place at another side of Mount Teide, the Pico Viejo (Chahorra), and continued for three months from June to September.[39][40]
  • Augusta E. Stetson, a prominent member within the Christian Science denomination, was excommunicated by the directors of the Church of Christ, Scientist, on charges that she had worked against the interests of the group.[41] Earlier, Mrs. Stetson had been instrumental in the building of the first Christian Science church in New York City at the direction of church founder Mary Baker Eddy. At the time, Christian Science was the fastest-growing denomination in the United States, with 90,000 members.
  • Born: Johnny Mercer, songwriter known for Accentuate the Positive; (d.1976)
  • Died: Liao Tianding, the "Robin Hood of Taiwan", was killed by Japanese soldiers occupying Taiwan. Liao would become a martyr for Taiwanese independence.[42]

November 19, 1909 (Friday)Edit

November 20, 1909 (Saturday)Edit

  • Standard Oil of New Jersey, the megacorporation that controlled most of the oil industry, was ordered dissolved by the federal court for the Eastern District of Missouri, on grounds that the company was "a combination and conspiracy in restraint of trade and its continued execution" in violation of antitrust law (173 Fed.Rep. 197). Appeal was taken directly to the United States Supreme Court, which would uphold the decision on May 15, 1911, breaking up the Standard Oil trust.[47]
  • Yale, with a 9–0–0 record and nine straight shutouts, traveled to Cambridge to meet unbeaten (8–0–0) Harvard in the final game of the season for both teams. Yale won, 8–0, and was acknowledged as college football's champion.
  • Liliuokalani, the last Queen of Hawaii, filed suit in the United States Court of Claims to seek $450,000 compensation for confiscation of the 1,800,000 acres (7,300 km2) owned by the monarchy until its abolition in 1893. The Court would rule against her on May 16, 1910, in Liliuokalani v. United States of America.[48]
  • A.F. Draper, New York Commissioner of Education, prohibited Bible readings in the state's public schools. The complaint had been brought two years earlier by Father Charles Logue, a Catholic priest from Freeport, on Long Island.[49]

November 21, 1909 (Sunday)Edit

November 22, 1909 (Monday)Edit

November 23, 1909 (Tuesday)Edit

November 24, 1909 (Wednesday)Edit

November 25, 1909 (Thursday)Edit

November 26, 1909 (Friday)Edit

November 27, 1909 (Saturday)Edit

  • The Hague Convention of 1907 was ratified by the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, China, the Netherlands and other nations "to adapt to maritime warfare the principles of the Geneva Convention of the 6th July, 1906"[61]
  • U.S. forces arrived at Nicaragua, landing at Bluefields, to prepare an invasion. Nicaraguan President Zelaya was given an ultimatum of 10:00 p.m., November 28, to guarantee protection of American citizens and to explain the execution of two American mercenaries the week before.[62]
  • The North-American Interfraternity Conference was organized by 26 fraternities.[63]
  • Born: James Agee, American author, in Knoxville, Tennessee (d. 1955)

November 28, 1909 (Sunday)Edit

November 29, 1909 (Monday)Edit

  • The United Kingdom moved forward in the arms race as it began production of the first "super-dreadnought" battleships, as the keel was laid for HMS Orion. The ships were the first to carry the BL 13.5 inch Mk V naval guns, which could fire a 1,250-pound, armor-piercing shell a distance of 21.8 km (13.5 mi).[65]
  • The Taube, Austria-Hungary's first aircraft, was flown by its designer, Igo Etrich, at Wiener Neustadt.[66]
  • In a celebrated murder case, Ocey Snead was drugged and drowned by her wealthy aunts, the Wardlow sisters, who were trying to collect on $20,000 of insurance.[67]
  • Born: Cvitan Galić, Croatian World War II ace, at Görz, Austria-Hungary (now Gorizia, Italy); (killed 1944). On the very same day in Görz, the new Eastern European airplane, the EDA I, made its second flight, traveling 600 meters, ten times the distance achieved in its first flight the week before.

November 30, 1909 (Tuesday)Edit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gran Quivira, National Park Service site.
  2. ^ www.historylink.org
  3. ^ "250,000 Members and Counting", by Lynn Chipperfield, in Cross & Crescent Magazine, June 2006
  4. ^ Joseph Nathan Kane, The American Counties (4th Ed.), (The Scarecrow Press, 1983), p479
  5. ^ Orland Centennial website
  6. ^ "Farman Up Over Four Hours", New York Times, November 4, 1909, p1
  7. ^ a b National Park Service site, p11
  8. ^ Colorado's Central Plains website
  9. ^ Roy Hattersley, The Edwardians (St. Martin's Press, 2005), p166
  10. ^ Vickers Viscount Network
  11. ^ Wisconsin Aviation Hall of Fame
  12. ^ City of Spooner website
  13. ^ "Honduran Navy Sunk", New York Times, November 6, 1909, p1
  14. ^ "Earth in Path of Comet", New York Times, November 6, 1909, p1
  15. ^ Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture, "Middle Easterners"
  16. ^ "Woolworths: a brief history in pictures", telegraph.co.uk
  17. ^ John Kryk, Natural Enemies: Major College Football's Oldest, Fiercest Rivalry—Michigan vs. Notre Dame (Taylor Trade Publications, 2004), p48 irishlegends.com
  18. ^ "Plunger", Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Naval Navy History & Heritage Command website
  19. ^ "Refuses to Be Governor", New York Times, November 8, 1909, p1
  20. ^ "The Blitzen Benz", by Mike McNessor, Hemmings Motor News, July 1, 2008
  21. ^ "Three New World's Records For Autos", New York Times, November 10, 1909, p1
  22. ^ Alan Dundes, in Recollecting Freud (University of Wisconsin Press, 2005), Introduction, p. xxxviii
  23. ^ University of Wisconsin Marching Band
  24. ^ "Gyroscope Car Runs With 40 Passengers", New York Times, November 11, 1909, p1
  25. ^ "Monorails in History – Part I", The Monorail Society
  26. ^ "Cairo Mob Lynches Men of Two Races", New York Times, November 12, 1909, p1; "Soldiers Awe Mob; Negro Taken Away", Times, November 13, 1909, p1
  27. ^ Kevin Shillington, Encyclopedia of African History (Routledge, 2004), p 1406
  28. ^ Karen Tintori, Trapped: The 1909 Cherry Mine Disaster (Atria Books, 2003); U.S. Mine Rescue Association;
  29. ^ John Robert Colombo, Ghost Stories of Canada (Dundurn Press, 2000), pp35–36; www.joshuaslocum.com
  30. ^ André Gide, Journals 1889–1913; Justin O'Brien, translator (University of Illinois Press, 2000) p240
  31. ^ "Buenos Aires Pogroms", in Antisemitism: A Historical Encyclopedia of Prejudice and Persecution (ABC-CLIO, 2005), pp88–89
  32. ^ "Arrest 14 Italians as Counterfeiters", New York Times, November 16, 1909, p1; David Critchley, The Origin of Organized Crime in America: The New York City Mafia, 1891–1931 (Routledge, 2008), pp47–48
  33. ^ The Standard Financial Quarterly (August 1910), p229
  34. ^ Sam Siculo, 100 Years of Pitt Basketball (Sports Publishing, 2005), p14
  35. ^ "International Conference on a Map of the World", School Science and Mathematics (February 1910), p174
  36. ^ Stephen Kinzer, Overthrow: America's Century of Regime Change from Hawaii to Iraq (Times Books, 2006), pp66–70; "Two Americans Shot For Aiding Revolt", New York Times, November 19, 1909, p1
  37. ^ Jagdish Mehra, The Historical Development of Quantum Theory (Springer, 2001), p279
  38. ^ "Mt. Salores Alive With Boiling Lava; Inhabitants Flee— The Canary Islands Threatened With Destruction. Panic Prevails", Washington Times, November 18, 1909, p.1
  39. ^ "Eruptions that made history", WebTenerife.co.uk
  40. ^ "Imaging an Active Volcano Edifice at Tenerife Island, Spain", American Geophysical Union magazine Eos (August 5, 2008), p.289-290
  41. ^ "Church Ejects Woman Leader— Christian Scientists Oust Mrs. Stetson", Los Angeles Herald, November 19, 1909, p.1
  42. ^ Liao Tian Ding; Liao Tien-Ding Temple
  43. ^ "Belgians in Congo"; The New Larned History For Ready Reference, Reading and Research (C.A. Nichols Publishing), p929
  44. ^ Benjamin F Shearer, Home Front Heroes: A Biographical Dictionary of Americans During Wartime (Greenwood Press, 2007), p37.
  45. ^ "Escapes Gallows by Close Margin", Washington Times, November 19, 1909, p.1
  46. ^ "Life Denied Him a Fair Chance", Atlanta Constitution, November 20, 1909, p.4
  47. ^ Leslie D. Manns, "Dominance in the Oil Industry: Standard Oil from 1865 to 1911", in Market Dominance: How Firms Gain, Hold, or Lose It and the Impact on Economic Performance (Praeger, 1998), p31; "Great American Court Cases"
  48. ^ "Lili'uokalani Loses A Big One", c. 2000 by Kenneth R. Conklin
  49. ^ "Bible Out of Public School", New York Times, November 25, 1909, p1
  50. ^   Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Loyola University, Chicago" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  51. ^ "Taft Takes Up Case Against Nicaragua", New York Times, November 22, 1909, p1
  52. ^ Klaus Hoffmann, Otto Hahn: Achievement and Responsibility (Springer, 2001), pp64–65
  53. ^ Nell Irvin Painter, Standing at Armageddon: The United States, 1877–1919 (W.W. Norton, 1987), p250
  54. ^ "Meteor Falls in Alabama With Impact Like Quake", Indianapolis Star, November 23, 1909, p1; "Terrified By A Meteor", New York Times, November 24, 1909, p1
  55. ^ "An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand 1966"
  56. ^ War Department: Annual Reports, 1909 (GPO 1910), Vol. I, p89
  57. ^ Early Aviators
  58. ^ Dragan Savic and Boris Ciglic, Croatian Aces of World War 2 (Osprey Publishing, 2002)
  59. ^ Dan Patch Historical Society
  60. ^ Sigma Alpha Mu centennial
  61. ^ The Avalon Project, Yale Law School; Natalino Ronzitti, The Law of Naval Warfare: A Collection of Agreements and Documents With Commentaries (Martinus Nijhoff, 1988), pp129–130
  62. ^ "Report Our Sailors In Nicaragua", New York Times, November 28, 1909, p1
  63. ^ CampusFundraiser Associations
  64. ^ David Ewen, Music for the Millions – The Encyclopedia of Musical Masterpieces (Arco Publishing, 2007), p446; "Ever check out the score of Rach 3?", Echo Germanica, October 2003
  65. ^ "HMS Orion"
  66. ^ Justin D. Murphy, Military Aircraft, Origins to 1918 (ABC-CLIO, 2005), pp103–104
  67. ^ Gini Graham Scott, Homicide by the Rich and Famous: A Century of Prominent Killers (Praeger, 2005), pp196–205
  68. ^ "Lords By 350–75 Reject the Budget", New York Times, December 1, 1909, p1
  69. ^ W.D. Rubinstein, Twentieth-century Britain: A Political History (Palgrave Macmillan, 2003), pp37, 50