Norwich City F.C.
Norwich City Football Club (also known as The Canaries or City) is an English professional football club based in Norwich, Norfolk, that competes in the Championship, the second division of English football. The club was founded in 1902. Since 1935, Norwich have played their home games at Carrow Road and have a long-standing and fierce rivalry with East Anglian rivals Ipswich Town, with whom they have contested the East Anglian derby 134 times since 1902. The fans' song "On the Ball, City" is the oldest football chant in the world, written in 1890 and still sung today.
|Full name||Norwich City Football Club|
|Founded||17 June 1902|
|Owner||Delia Smith |
|Head coach||Daniel Farke|
|2019–20||Premier League, 20th of 20 (relegated)|
The club participates in characteristic yellow and green kits and are nicknamed The Canaries after the history of breeding the birds in the area (said to be introduced around the 16th century by a group of European immigrant weavers in the area known as "The Strangers").
Early years (1902–1934)Edit
Norwich City F.C. was formed after a meeting at the Criterion Café in Norwich on 17 June 1902 and played their first competitive match against Harwich & Parkeston, at Newmarket Road on 6 September 1902. They joined the Norfolk & Suffolk League for the 1902–03 season, but following a FA commission, the club was ousted from the amateur game in 1905, as it was deemed a professional organisation. Later that year Norwich were elected to play in the Southern League. With increasing crowds, they were forced to leave Newmarket Road in 1908 and moved to The Nest, a disused chalk pit. The club's original nickname was the Citizens, but this was superseded by 1907 by the more familiar Canaries after the club's chairman (who was a keen breeder of canaries) dubbed his boys "The Canaries" and changed their strip to yellow and green. During the First World War, with football suspended and facing spiralling debts, City went into voluntary liquidation on 10 December 1917.
The club was officially reformed on 15 February 1919 – a key figure in the event was Charles Frederick Watling, future Lord Mayor of Norwich and the father of future club chairman, Geoffrey Watling. When, in May 1920, the Football League formed a third Division, Norwich joined the Third Division for the following season. Their first league fixture, against Plymouth Argyle, on 28 August 1920, ended in a 1–1 draw. The club went on to endure a mediocre decade, finishing no higher than eighth but no lower than 18th. The following decade proved more successful for the club with a club-record victory, 10–2, over Coventry City and promotion as champions to the Second Division in the 1933–34 season under the management of Tom Parker.
Move to Carrow Road and an FA Cup semi-final (1934–1959)Edit
With crowds continuing to rise, and with the Football Association raising concerns over the suitability of The Nest, the club considered renovation of the ground, but ultimately decided on a move to Carrow Road. The inaugural match, on 31 August 1935 against West Ham United, ended in a 4–3 victory for the home team and set a new record attendance of 29,779. The biggest highlight of the following four seasons was the visit of King George VI to Carrow Road on 29 October 1938. However the club was relegated to the Third Division at the end of the season. The league was suspended the following season due to the Second World War, and did not resume until the 1946–47 season. City finished this and the following season in 21st place, the poor results forcing the club to apply for re-election to the league. The club narrowly missed out on promotion under the guidance of manager Norman Low in the early 1950s, but following the return of Tom Parker as manager, Norwich finished bottom of the football league in the 1956–57 season. The 1958–59 season saw Norwich reach the semi-final of the FA Cup as a Third Division side, defeating two First Division sides on the way: Tottenham Hotspur and Matt Busby's Manchester United.
League Cup glory and a place in the First Division (1959–1973)Edit
In the 1959–60 season, Norwich were promoted to the Second Division after finishing second to Southampton, and achieved a fourth-place finish in the 1960–61 season. In 1962 Ron Ashman guided Norwich to their first trophy, defeating Rochdale 4–0 on aggregate in a two-legged final to win the League Cup.
Sixth place in the league was the closest the club came to promotion to the First Division again during the 1960s, but after winning the division in the 1971–72 season under manager Ron Saunders, Norwich City reached the highest level of English football for the first time. They made their first appearance at Wembley Stadium in 1973, losing the League Cup final 1–0 to Tottenham Hotspur.
The John Bond Era (1973–1980)Edit
Relegation to the Second Division in 1974 came after Saunders had departed and been succeeded by John Bond, but the board of directors kept faith in Bond and were quickly rewarded. A highly successful first season saw promotion back to the First Division and another visit to Wembley, again in the League Cup final, this time losing 1–0 to Aston Villa.
Promotion, silverware and more cup runs (1980–1992)Edit
Bond departed to Manchester City in autumn 1980 and the club were relegated six months later, but bounced back the following season after finishing third under Bond's successor Ken Brown. In August 1981, Norwich City striker Justin Fashanu became the first black footballer to command a £1millon transfer fee when he moved to Nottingham Forest.
The 1984–85 season was of mixed fortunes for the club; under Ken Brown's guidance, they reached the final of the Football League Cup at Wembley Stadium, having defeated Ipswich Town in the semi-final. In the final, they beat Sunderland 1–0, but in the league, both Norwich and Sunderland were relegated to the second tier of English football. This made Norwich the first English club to win a major trophy and suffer relegation in the same season; something which was not matched until Birmingham City also suffered relegation the season they won the League Cup 26 years later.
Norwich were also denied their first foray into Europe with the ban on English clubs after the Heysel Stadium disaster. City bounced back to the top flight by winning the Second Division championship in the 1985–86 season. This was the start a club-record nine consecutive seasons in the top division of English football. High league placing in the First Division in 1988–89 would have been enough for UEFA Cup qualification, but the ban on English clubs remained. They also had good cup runs during this period, reaching the FA Cup semi-finals in 1989 and again in 1992.
Early success in the Premier League era (1992–1995)Edit
During 1992–93, the inaugural season of the Premier League, Norwich City quickly emerged as surprise title contenders, before faltering in the final weeks to finish third behind the champions, Manchester United, and runners-up Aston Villa. Their top scorer that season was Mark Robins, who had been signed from Manchester United the previous summer. The following season Norwich participated in the UEFA Cup for the first (and only) time, losing in the third round to Inter Milan, but defeating Bayern Munich. Winning 2–1, Norwich were the first British team to beat Bayern Munich in the Olympic Stadium. Mike Walker quit as Norwich City manager in January 1994, to take charge of Everton and was replaced by first team coach John Deehan who led the club to 12th place in the 1993–94 season in the Premier League. Norwich began the 1994–95 season well, despite the pre-season loss of top scorer Chris Sutton to Blackburn Rovers for a national record £5 million, and by Christmas they were seventh in the league. Norwich then won only one of their final 20 league games and slumped to 20th place and relegation, ending a nine-season run in the top flight.
The Division One years (1995–2003)Edit
Shortly before relegation, Deehan resigned as manager and his assistant Gary Megson took over until the end of the season. Martin O'Neill, who had taken Wycombe Wanderers from the Conference to the Second Division with successive promotions, was appointed as Norwich City manager in summer 1995. He lasted just six months in the job before resigning after a dispute with chairman Robert Chase over money to strengthen the squad. Soon after, Chase stepped down after protests from supporters, who complained that he kept selling the club's best players and was to blame for their relegation. Chase's majority stakeholding was bought by Geoffrey Watling.
English television cook Delia Smith and husband Michael Wynn-Jones took over the majority of Norwich City's shares from Watling in 1996, and Mike Walker was re-appointed as the club's manager. He was unable to repeat the success achieved during his first spell and was sacked two seasons later with Norwich mid-table in Division One. Nigel Worthington took over as Norwich City manager in December 2000 following an unsuccessful two years for the club under Bruce Rioch and then Bryan Hamilton. He had been on the coaching staff under Hamilton who resigned with the club 20th in the First Division and in real danger of relegation to the third tier of English football for the first time since the 1960s. Worthington avoided the threat of relegation and, the following season, led City to a playoff final at the Millennium Stadium, which Norwich lost against Birmingham City on penalties.
Return to the Premier League (2003–2009)Edit
The 2003–04 campaign saw the club win the First Division title, finishing eight points clear of second-placed West Bromwich Albion and returned to the top flight for the first time since 1995. For much of the 2004–05 season, the club struggled and, despite beating Manchester United 2–0 towards the end of the season, a last day 6–0 defeat away to Fulham condemned them to relegation. The club finished in ninth place in The Championship in the 2005–06 season and, as results in the 2006–07 season went against City, manager Nigel Worthington was sacked in October 2006, directly after a 4–1 defeat by Burnley.
On 16 October 2006, Norwich announced that former City player Peter Grant had left West Ham United to become the new manager, and in February 2007, Grant replaced assistant Doug Livermore with his fellow Scot, Jim Duffy. Grant's side struggled for most of the season and made a poor start to the 2007–08 season, with only two wins by mid October; following a 1–0 defeat at fellow-strugglers Queens Park Rangers, Grant left the club by "mutual consent" on 9 October 2007. On 30 October 2007, former Newcastle United manager Glenn Roeder was confirmed as Grant's replacement. Roeder kept Norwich in the Championship with a 3–0 win over Queens Park Rangers, Norwich's penultimate game of the season.
Relegation, promotion and yo-yo years (2009–present)Edit
On 14 January 2009 it was announced that Roeder had been relieved of his first team duties after 60 games in charge, and just 20 victories. A week later, Bryan Gunn was appointed as manager until the end of the season, but he was unable to prevent the club from being relegated on 3 May 2009, after a 4–2 defeat away at already relegated Charlton Athletic. Following their relegation, their first game of the season resulted in a shock 7–1 home defeat against East Anglian rivals Colchester United. This was the club's heaviest ever home defeat and Gunn was sacked six days later.
On 18 August 2009, Paul Lambert was announced as the new manager, leaving his post at Colchester, and nine months later led Norwich to promotion back to the Championship as League One Champions, after a single season in League One. The following season saw Norwich promoted to the Premier League, finishing second in the table and completing the first back-to-back promotions from the 3rd tier to the 1st since Manchester City in 2000.
The club finished in 12th place in their first season back in the Premier League. However, Lambert resigned within a month of the season's close to take up the vacant managerial spot at league rivals Aston Villa and was replaced by Chris Hughton. The 2012–13 season started poorly but a club record unbeaten run in the Premier League secured their third year in the Premier League with an 11th-place finish in the league. They were relegated back to the Championship after finishing 18th in the 2013–14 season and Hughton was sacked.
After a mediocre first half of the 2014–15 season, Neil Adams resigned which paved the way for the appointment of then Hamilton Academical manager Alex Neil in January 2015. The appointment reinvigorated Norwich's season, and victory in the 2015 Championship playoff final secured an immediate return to the top division of English football. This was only temporary relief, as at the end of the next season they were relegated again to play the 2016–17 season in the Football League Championship.
The following season started successfully, with the club sitting top of the Championship in mid-October. However, a poor run of form and results followed and on 10 March 2017, Alex Neil was sacked by the club. First-team coach Alan Irvine was placed in caretaker charge for the remainder of the season, ultimately finishing in 8th.
On 25 May 2017, the club appointed German coach Daniel Farke as head coach, becoming the first head coach of the club in its 114-year history that was not from the British Isles. In Farke's first season, Norwich finished in 14th place. Despite a slow start, the following season was far more successful and the team spent most of the season at the top of the table – helped on by top scorer Teemu Pukki. Following a 2–1 win over Blackburn Rovers, the club was promoted back to the Premier League after a three-year absence as Championship winners. However, Norwich were once again relegated back down to the Championship after just a single season back in the top flight, becoming the first team in Premier League history to be relegated five times from the division.
Colours and badgeEdit
Norwich City's nickname, "The Canaries", has long influenced the team's colours and badge Originally, the club was nicknamed the Citizens ("Cits" for short), and played in light blue and white halved shirts, although the halves were inconsistent; "the blue was sometimes on the left-hand side of the shirt and sometimes on the right." The earliest known recorded link between the club and canaries comes in an interview recorded in the Eastern Daily Press with the newly appointed manager, John Bowman in April 1905. The paper quotes him saying "Well I knew of the City's existence... I have... heard of the canaries." "This as far as we can tell is the first time that the popular pastime of the day ie... rearing... canaries was linked with Norwich City FC... the club still played in blue and white, and would continue to do so for another two seasons."
By February 1907, the nickname Canaries had come more into vogue; thoughts that an FA Cup tie against West Bromwich Albion (nicknamed "Throstles" after a bird) was "a bird -singing contest" were dismissed by the polymath C.B. Fry as "humbug" but the national press increasingly referred to the team as Canaries. The following season, to match the nickname, City played for the first time in Canary livery; "yellow shirts with green collars and cuffs. One paper produced the quote 'The Cits are dead but the Canaries are very much alive'." While the home colours of yellow and green remain to this day, the away colours have varied since introduction. For example, the away kit for the 2012–13 season was black shirts and shorts.
A simple canary badge was first adopted in 1922. The current club badge consists of a canary resting on a football with a stylised version of the City of Norwich arms in the top left corner. For the club's centenary celebrations in 2002, a special badge was designed, featuring two canaries looking left and right, plus a ribbon noting the centenary.
Norwich City F.C. played at Newmarket Road from 1902 to 1908, with a record attendance of 10,366 against Sheffield Wednesday in a second round FA Cup match in 1908. Following a dispute over the conditions of renting the Newmarket Road ground, in 1908 the club moved to a new home in a converted disused chalk pit in Rosary Road which became known as "The Nest". By the 1930s, the ground was too small for the growing crowds, and in 1935 the club moved to its current home in Carrow Road. The original stadium, "the largest construction job in the city since the building of Norwich Castle... was "miraculously" built in just 82 days... it was referred to [by club officials] as 'The eighth wonder of the world'" An aerial photograph from August 1935 shows three sides of open terracing and a covered stand, with a Colman's Mustard advertisement painted on its roof, visible only from the air. Another photograph, taken on a match day that same season, shows that despite the era's limited car ownership, a parking area was provided at the ground.
Floodlights were erected at the ground in 1956, but their cost of £9,000 nearly sent the club into bankruptcy. However the success in the 1959 FA Cup secured the financial status of the club and allowed a cover to be built over the South Stand, which was itself replaced in 2003 when a new 7,000 seat South stand, subsequently renamed the Jarrold Stand, was built in its place.
1963 saw the record attendance for Carrow Road, with a crowd of 43,984 for a 6th round FA Cup match against Leicester City, but in the wake of the Ibrox disaster in 1971, safety licences were required by clubs, and this drastically reduced the ground's capacity to around 20,000. A two-tier terrace was built at the River End, and soon afterwards seats began to replace the terraces. By 1979 the stadium had a capacity of 28,392 with seats for 12,675. A fire in 1984 partially destroyed one of the stands, which eventually led to its complete demolition and replacement by 1987 of a new City Stand, which chairman Robert Chase described as "Coming to a football match within the City Stand is very much like going to the theatre – the only difference being that our stage is covered with grass". After the Hillsborough disaster in 1989 and the subsequent outcome of the Taylor Report in 1990, the stadium was converted to all-seater. Today, Carrow Road is an all-seater stadium, with a capacity of 27,244.
While much of the support that the club enjoys is local, there are a number of expatriate fan clubs, notably in London and stretching from Scandinavia to countries further afield such as the United Arab Emirates, Bermuda, Hong Kong, Thailand, Australia and the United States.
The fans' song, On the Ball, City, is the oldest football song in the world still in use today; the song is, in fact, older than the club itself having probably been penned for Norwich Teachers or Caley's FC in the 1890s and adapted for Norwich City. Although the first use of the tune and song is disputed, it had been adopted by 1902 and it remains in use today in part if not the whole. The chorus is:
Kick off, throw in, have a little scrimmage,
Keep it low, a splendid rush, bravo, win or die;
On the ball City, never mind the danger,
Steady on, now's your chance,
Hurrah! We've scored a goal,
City! City! City!
Locally, much is made of the informal title "Pride of Anglia". Fans variously claim the title for either winning the East Anglian Derby, finishing highest in the league, having the better current league position, having the more successful club history or for reasons without any apparent logical basis. The club's main local rival is Ipswich Town. When Norwich and Ipswich meet it is known as the 'East Anglian Derby', or, informally, as the 'Old Farm Derby' – a comic reference to the 'Old Firm Derby' played between Scottish teams Celtic and Rangers. Norwich are currently unbeaten against Ipswich in a decade, encompassing 12 matches, including 5-1 and 4-1 victories, as well as a victorious play-off semi final fixture in 2015.
The club also maintains a healthy celebrity support with celebrity cook Delia Smith and comedian Stephen Fry both having moved from fans of the club to running it. Actor Hugh Jackman is also a fan of the club, having been taken to Carrow Road as a child by his English mother, though he turned down an opportunity to become an investor in the club in 2010. BT Sport Presenter Jake Humphrey, who was born in Peterborough but moved to Norwich with his family at the age of nine, is another celebrity supporter. Also Sky Sports presenter Simon Thomas, who is Vice-President of the Norwich City Supporters Trust, Norfolk-born musician, model and media personality Myleene Klass and Labour ex-politician Ed Balls. Journalist and documentary filmmaker Jon Ronson expressed his admiration for the talent of Charlie Gilmour on Twitter. Journalist and broadcaster Sir David Frost also declared his love for The Canaries during his lifetime.
In March 2018, supporters helped the club raise £5,000,000 through a mini-bond investment scheme via sports investment platform Tifosy. The purpose of the mini-bond, called the Canaries Bond was to raise money to fund new academy facilities at Colney Training Ground for the Norwich City F.C. Under-23s and Academy.
Norwich City FC is a public limited company that, in 2003, comprised approximately 8,000 individual shareholdings. Since purchasing their shares from Geoffrey Watling, Delia Smith and husband Michael Wynn-Jones have been joint majority shareholders.
At the 2006–07 Norwich City FC Annual General Meeting (on 18 January 2007) Smith and Wynn-Jones announced that they would be open to offers to buy their majority stake-holding in the club. They made clear that any prospective buyer would have to invest heavily in the squad, with regards to team improving.
The only way we would relinquish our shares is if somebody is going to put money into the football ... Only if they put money into the squad – not if they buy our shares, we don't want money. It has to be that there is money for the squad, serious money for the squad.
On 8 May 2007 the football club announced that Andrew and Sharon Turner had bought out all 5,000 shares belonging to former Board member, Barry Skipper and had given the club an interest-free loan of £2m. Mr and Mrs Turner are owners and directors of personal finance company Central Trust.
During July 2008 Peter Cullum declared that he was interested in a takeover of the club, and pledged that he would invest £20m for enhancement of the playing squad. On 8 July the EDP reported that Delia Smith and the board had invited Peter Cullum for talks. Reports later stated that the talks had been terminated with immediate effect, and no deal was to be reached.
On 2 September 2008, Andrew and Sharon Turner announced that they were leaving the football club's board of directors. This left a £2 million hole in Norwich City's budget. On 4 September 2008, Delia Smith and Michael Wynn-Jones announced that they would be injecting £2 million, avoiding financial problems for the club.
The 2011 Annual General Meeting, attended by over 500 shareholders, saw joint majority shareholder Delia Smith and Stephan Phillips re-elected as directors and new director Stephen Fry formally re-elected having joined the Board the previous August.
Statistics and recordsEdit
Kevin Keelan holds the record for Norwich appearances, having played 673 first-team matches between 1963 and 1980. Ralph Hunt holds the record for the most goals scored in a season, 31 in the 1955–56 season in Division Three (South), with Johnny Gavin the top scorer over a career – 122 between 1948 and 1955. Mark Bowen holds the club record for most international caps, with 35 for Wales.
The club's widest victory margin in the league was their 10–2 win against Coventry City in the Division Three (South) in 1930. Their heaviest defeat in the league was 10–2 against Swindon Town in 1908 in the Southern Football League.
Norwich's record home attendance is 43,984 for a sixth-round FA Cup match against Leicester City on 30 March 1963. With the introduction of regulations enforcing all-seater stadiums, it is unlikely that this record will be beaten in the foreseeable future.
The highest transfer fee received for a Norwich player is £22 million, from Leicester City for James Maddison in June 2018, while the most spent by the club on a player was the signing of Ricky van Wolfswinkel for £8.5 million (€10 million) from Sporting Lisbon. This transfer fee was then equalled by the signing of Steven Naismith from Everton in January 2016.
The club's highest league finish was third in the FA Premier League in 1992–93. The 2019–20 season was Norwich's 26th in the top flight of English football. The club has won the League Cup twice (most recently in 1985) and reached the FA Cup semi-final three times, most recently in 1992. Norwich have taken part in European competition just once, reaching the third round of the UEFA Cup in 1993–94 and are the only English side to beat Bayern Munich in the Olympic Stadium.
|Seasons||Kit Manufacturers||Main Sponsors||Sleeve Sponsor|
|1983–84||Poll Withey Windows|
|1992–94||Ribero||Norwich and Peterborough Building Society|
|2001–03||Xara||Digital Phone Company|
|2003–06||Proton Cars / Lotus Cars|
|2016–17||Aviva Community Fund|
Between 2006 and 2008 the club was sponsored by airline Flybe but on 26 April 2008, it was announced that the company was stepping down as the main sponsor. On 29 April 2008 it was announced that Aviva which has offices in the city and is the parent company of the former Norwich Union, would be the new shirt sponsor, having signed a three-year contract. In 2009 the deal was extended until the end of the 2011–12 season. It was further extended in 2012 by four more years to the end of the 2015–16 season. During the 2016–17 season, Aviva Community Fund were Norwich's main shirt sponsor. On 26 June 2017, the club announced that Swedish mobile betting company LeoVegas would take over as their main shirt sponsor for three seasons, starting from the 2017–18 season.
- As of 20 September 2020
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Out on loanEdit
A list of first team players who are out on loan.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
- Past (and present) players who are the subjects of Wikipedia articles can be found here
During the club's centenary season, a "Hall of Fame" was created, honouring 100 former players chosen by fan vote. Further players have been inducted into the Norwich City Hall of Fame in 2003, 2006 and 2012.
Greatest Ever Norwich City XIEdit
In 2008, supporters cast votes to determine the greatest ever Norwich City team.
- Kevin Keelan (1963–80)
- Ian Culverhouse (1985–94)
- Steve Bruce (1984–87)
- Duncan Forbes (1968–81)
- Mark Bowen (1987–96)
- Darren Huckerby (2003–08)
- Ian Crook (1986–97)
- Martin Peters (1975–80)
- Darren Eadie (1993–99)
- Chris Sutton (1991–94)
- Iwan Roberts (1997–2004)
Players of the SeasonEdit
- For a more detailed list of these winners of the Barry Butler trophy, see Norwich City F.C. Player of the Season.
Board of directorsEdit
- As of 20 July 2020. Not including caretaker managers. Only professional, competitive matches are counted.
|John Bowman||1 August 1905||31 July 1907||78||31||23||24||39.7|
|James McEwen||1 August 1907||31 May 1908||43||13||10||20||30.2|
|Arthur Turner||1 August 1909||31 May 1910||86||27||22||37||31.4|
|Bert Stansfield||1 August 1910||31 May 1915||248||78||75||95||31.5|
|Major Frank Buckley||1 August 1919||1 July 1920||43||15||11||17||34.9|
|Charles O'Hagan||1 July 1920||1 January 1921||21||4||9||8||19.0|
|Albert Gosnell||1 January 1921||28 February 1926||233||59||79||95||25.3|
|Bert Stansfield||1 March 1926||1 November 1926|
|Cecil Potter||1 November 1926||1 January 1929||101||30||26||45||29.7|
|James Kerr||1 April 1929||28 February 1933||168||65||43||60||38.7|
|Tom Parker||1 March 1933
1 May 1955
|1 February 1937
31 March 1957
|Bob Young||1 February 1937
1 September 1939
|31 December 1938
31 May 1946
|Jimmy Jewell||1 January 1939||1 September 1939||20||6||4||10||30.0|
|Duggie Lochhead||1 December 1945||1 March 1950||104||42||28||34||40.4|
|Cyril Spiers||1 June 1946||1 December 1947||65||15||12||38||23.1|
|Norman Low||1 May 1950||30 April 1955||258||129||56||73||50.0|
|Archie Macaulay||1 April 1957||1 October 1961||224||105||60||59||46.9|
|Willie Reid||1 December 1961||1 May 1962||31||13||6||12||41.9|
|George Swindin||1 May 1962||30 November 1962||20||10||5||5||50.0|
|Ron Ashman||1 December 1962||31 May 1966||162||59||39||64||36.4|
|Lol Morgan||1 June 1966||1 May 1969||127||45||47||35||35.4|
|Ron Saunders||1 July 1969||16 November 1973||221||84||61||76||38.0|
|John Bond||27 November 1973||31 October 1980||340||105||114||121||30.9|
|Ken Brown||1 November 1980||9 November 1987||367||150||93||124||40.9|
|Dave Stringer||9 November 1987||1 May 1992||229||89||58||82||38.9|
|Mike Walker||1 June 1992
21 June 1996
|6 January 1994
30 April 1998
|John Deehan||12 January 1994||31 July 1995||58||13||22||23||22.4|
|Martin O'Neill||August 1995||December 1995||26||12||9||5||46.2|
|Gary Megson||December 1995||21 June 1996||32||5||10||17||15.6|
|Bruce Rioch||12 June 1998||13 March 2000||93||30||31||32||32.3|
|Bryan Hamilton||5 April 2000||4 December 2000||35||10||10||15||28.6|
|Nigel Worthington||4 December 2000||2 October 2006||280||114||104||62||40.7|
|Peter Grant||13 October 2006||9 October 2007||54||18||12||24||33.3|
|Glenn Roeder||30 October 2007||14 January 2009||65||20||15||30||30.8|
|Bryan Gunn||16 January 2009||13 August 2009||21||6||5||10||28.6|
|Paul Lambert||18 August 2009||2 June 2012||142||70||37||35||49.3|
|Chris Hughton||6 June 2012||6 April 2014||82||24||23||35||29.3|
|Neil Adams||6 April 2014||5 January 2015||32||11||8||13||34.4|
|Alex Neil||9 January 2015||10 March 2017||108||45||21||42||41.7|
|Daniel Farke||25 May 2017||present||145||56||35||54||38.6|
Norwich City have won a number of honours:
- Winners (4): 1971–72, 1985–86, 2003–04, 2018–19
- Runners-up (1): 2010–11
- Play-offs Winners (1): 2015
- Play-offs Runners-up (1): 2002
Each time they meet, Norwich and Sunderland contest the Friendship Trophy, a game dating back to the camaraderie forged between fans of the two clubs at the time of the 1985 League Cup final that they contested. Sunderland are the current holders having beaten Norwich 3–1 at Carrow Road on 13 August 2017 in the 2017–18 EFL Championship.
In popular cultureEdit
In the 2001 film Mike Bassett: England Manager, the eponymous hero, played by Ricky Tomlinson, rises to prominence as a result of success as manager of Norwich City, having won the 'Mr Clutch Cup'. The celebratory scenes of the open-top bus ride around the city (right) were actually shot in St Albans, Hertfordshire, rather than Norwich.
In 1972 the Children's Film Foundation released a movie called The Boy Who Turned Yellow about a boy living in London who supports Norwich City. In the film, he and everyone and everything else on his tube train are turned yellow. That night he is visited by a yellow alien called Nick, short for electronic, who teaches him all about electricity. The link to the football club is used to explain why the boy already has so many yellow things in his bedroom.
Norwich City LadiesEdit
Norwich City Ladies is the women's football club affiliated to Norwich City. They are managed by Scott Emmerson and compete in the Women's South East Combination League, in the third tier of English women's football. According to Norwich City, "They are the official women's team of Norwich City Football Club and are linked to the Girls' Centre of Excellence programme". Consequently, 95% of the club's players have progressed from the youth ranks. Norwich City LFC play their home games at Plantation Park, Blofield, Norwich.
- "Premier League Handbook 2019/20" (PDF). Premier League. p. 30. Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 July 2020. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
- "Read Norwich: Why Are Norwich Called The Canaries".
- Eastwood, John; Mike Davage (1986). Canary Citizens. Almeida Books. pp. 1, p19. ISBN 0-7117-2020-7.
- Norfolk & Suffolk League 1897–1939 Non-League Matters
- "History – 1902/1940". Norwich City FC. Archived from the original on 8 December 2009. Retrieved 26 March 2007.
- Eastwood. Canary Citizens. p. 46.
- Eastwood. Canary Citizens. p. 47.
- "Final 1933/1934 English Division 3 South Table". Soccerbase. Archived from the original on 1 October 2007. Retrieved 29 March 2007.
- "Final 1938/1939 English Division 2 (old) Table". Soccerbase. Archived from the original on 27 November 2007. Retrieved 29 March 2007.
- "Final 1946/1947 English Division 3 South Table". Soccerbase. Archived from the original on 1 October 2007. Retrieved 29 March 2007.
- "Final 1947/1948 English Division 3 South Table". Soccerbase. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 29 March 2007.
- "History – 1941/1969". Norwich City FC. Archived from the original on 21 February 2011. Retrieved 29 March 2007.
- "Final 1956/1957 English Division 3 South Table". Soccerbase. Archived from the original on 1 October 2007. Retrieved 29 March 2007.
- "English FA Cup 1958/1959". Soccerbase. Archived from the original on 4 May 2008. Retrieved 26 March 2007.
- "English League Cup 1961/1962". Soccerbase. Archived from the original on 4 May 2008. Retrieved 29 March 2007.
- "History – 1970/1985". Norwich City FC. Archived from the original on 22 July 2012. Retrieved 29 March 2007.
- "English League Cup Final 1972–73". Soccerbase. Archived from the original on 27 November 2007. Retrieved 26 March 2007.
- "English League Cup Final 1974–75". Soccerbase. Archived from the original on 4 May 2008. Retrieved 26 March 2007.
- "The tragic tale of Justin Fashanu's battle with his demons". Evening Standard. 4 October 2017. Retrieved 8 November 2019.
- "Final 1981/1982 English Division 2 (old) Table". Soccerbase. Archived from the original on 4 May 2008. Retrieved 29 March 2007.
- "English League Cup 1984–85". Soccerbase. Archived from the original on 4 May 2008. Retrieved 26 March 2007.
- "History 1986/95". Norwich City FC. Archived from the original on 22 January 2011. Retrieved 26 March 2007.
- "Final 1985/1986 English Division 2 (old) Table". Soccerbase. Archived from the original on 4 May 2008. Retrieved 26 March 2007.
- "Norwich City". fchd.com. Archived from the original on 15 July 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
- "English FA Cup 1988/1989". Soccerbase. Archived from the original on 4 May 2008. Retrieved 27 March 2007.
- "English FA Cup 1991/1992". Soccerbase. Archived from the original on 4 May 2008. Retrieved 27 March 2007.
- "History 1986/1995". Norwich City FC. Archived from the original on 22 January 2011. Retrieved 25 March 2007.
- "Final 1992/1993 English Premier Table". Soccerbase. Archived from the original on 4 May 2008. Retrieved 27 March 2007.
- "UEFA Cup 1993/1994". Soccerbase. Archived from the original on 4 May 2008. Retrieved 27 March 2007.
- "Walker leaves Norwich City". BBC Sport. 30 April 1998. Archived from the original on 14 November 2012. Retrieved 27 March 2007.
- "Final 1993/1994 English Premier Table". Soccerbase. Archived from the original on 4 May 2008. Retrieved 27 March 2007.
- "Final 1994/1995 English Premier Table". Soccerbase. Archived from the original on 4 May 2008. Retrieved 27 March 2007.
- "Gary Megson Factfile". BBC Birmingham. 27 October 2004. Archived from the original on 23 July 2005. Retrieved 27 March 2007.
- "Profile: Martin O'Neill". BBC Sport. 1 May 2002. Archived from the original on 17 November 2006. Retrieved 27 March 2007.
- "Martin O'Neill". BBC Sport. 14 May 2002. Archived from the original on 22 October 2007. Retrieved 27 March 2007.
- "Canary Centenary". Eastern Daily Press. Archived from the original on 3 April 2007. Retrieved 23 April 2007.
- "Norwich legend Watling has died". BBC Sport. 17 November 2004. Archived from the original on 12 January 2016. Retrieved 27 March 2007.
- "Mike Walker's managerial career". Soccerbase. Archived from the original on 4 May 2008. Retrieved 28 March 2007.
- "Final 1997/1998 Football League Championship Table". Soccerbase. Archived from the original on 4 May 2008. Retrieved 28 March 2007.
- "Worthington handed Norwich chance". BBC Sport. 2 January 2001. Archived from the original on 19 January 2009. Retrieved 28 March 2007.
- "Birmingham reach Premiership". BBC Sport. 12 May 2002. Archived from the original on 13 January 2009. Retrieved 28 March 2007.
- "Norwich City win Premiership promotion". BBC Norfolk. Archived from the original on 11 March 2006. Retrieved 28 March 2007.
- "Norwich 2004/2005 results and fixtures". Soccerbase. Archived from the original on 4 May 2008. Retrieved 28 March 2007.
- "Fulham 6–0 Norwich". BBC Sport. 15 May 2005. Archived from the original on 7 May 2008. Retrieved 28 March 2007.
- "Final 2005/2006 Football League Championship Table". Soccerbase. Archived from the original on 4 May 2008. Retrieved 28 March 2007.
- "Norwich sack manager Worthington". BBC Sport. 1 October 2006. Archived from the original on 20 January 2009. Retrieved 28 March 2007.
- "Grant appointed as Norwich boss". BBC Sport. 16 October 2006. Archived from the original on 14 November 2012. Retrieved 28 March 2007.
- "Grant adds to backroom staff". BBC Sport. 12 February 2007. Archived from the original on 14 November 2012. Retrieved 28 March 2007.
- "Grant parts company with Canaries". BBC Sport. 9 October 2007. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 30 October 2007.
- "Norwich name Roeder as new boss". BBC Sport. 30 October 2007. Archived from the original on 21 January 2009. Retrieved 30 October 2007.
- "Roeder sacked as Norwich manager". BBC Sport. 14 January 2009. Archived from the original on 20 January 2009. Retrieved 14 January 2009.
- "Norwich name Gunn boss for season". BBC Sport. 21 January 2009. Archived from the original on 22 January 2009. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
- "Norwich drop down to League One". BBC Sport. 3 May 2009. Archived from the original on 4 May 2009. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
- "Manager Gunn sacked by Canaries". BBC Sport. 13 August 2009. Archived from the original on 12 January 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2009.
- "Charlton 0–1 Norwich". BBC Sport. 17 April 2010. Archived from the original on 12 January 2016. Retrieved 17 April 2010.
- "Norwich 2–0 Gillingham". BBC Sport. 24 April 2010. Archived from the original on 12 January 2016. Retrieved 24 April 2010.
- Portsmouth 0–1 Norwich Archived 3 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine BBC Sport, 2 May 2011
- "Middlesbrough 0–2 Norwich City". BBC. Archived from the original on 31 July 2015. Retrieved 6 October 2015.
- "2016 Relegation". Archived from the original on 16 May 2016. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
- "CLUB STATEMENT: ALEX NEIL LEAVES NORWICH CITY". Norwich City F.C. Retrieved 10 March 2017.
- "Norwich City appoint Daniel Farke as Head Coach". Norwich City F.C. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
- "Norwich 2–1 Blackburn – Canaries promoted to Premier League". BBC Sport. 27 April 2019.
- "Norwich City 0-4 West Ham United: Michael Antonio scores four to send Canaries down". BBC Sport. 11 July 2020. Retrieved 11 July 2020.
- Eastwood. Canary Citizens. p. 18.
- Eastwood. Canary Citizens. p. 24.
- Eastwood. Canary Citizens. pp. 28–29.
- Eastwood. Canary Citizens. p. 29.
- "Norwich City are the men in black – News – Eastern Daily Press". Edp24.co.uk. Archived from the original on 30 August 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2012.
- "Bridewell trail" (PDF). Norfolk Museums. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 March 2009. Retrieved 20 April 2007.
- Smith, Roger (2004). The Canary Companion. RJS Publishing. p. 39. ISBN 0-9548287-0-4.
- Richard Moss (20 December 2002). "ON THE BALL CITY – 100 YEARS OF NORWICH CITY FOOTBALL CLUB". Archived from the original on 13 October 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2007.
- "Norwich City grounds – 1. Newmarket Road". Eastern Daily Press. Archived from the original on 5 May 2007. Retrieved 28 March 2007.
- "Norwich City grounds – 2. The Nest". Eastern Daily Press. Archived from the original on 5 May 2007. Retrieved 28 March 2007.
- "Norwich City grounds – 3. Carrow Road". Eastern Daily Press. Archived from the original on 5 May 2007. Retrieved 28 March 2007.
- Eastwood. Canary Citizens. p. 63.
- "The highs and lows of City's rich past". Norwich Evening News. 10 May 2004. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 23 April 2007.
- Eastwood. Canary Citizens. p. 65.
- Carrow Rd football ground car park COLOUR  1935-09-14 (Photograph). Norwich: George Plunkett's Photographs of old Norwich. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
- "Carrow Road". Norwich City FC. Archived from the original on 23 July 2010. Retrieved 28 March 2007.
- "Supporter Groups". Norwich City FC. Archived from the original on 3 November 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2007.
- "Learn to sing like a canary". BBC. 10 March 2004. Archived from the original on 28 August 2005. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
- Ronald Atkin (19 November 2006). "East Anglia Derby: Grant ready with his shark riposte". The Independent. UK. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 19 March 2007.
- "Norwich City football club: record v Ipswich Town". www.11v11.com. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
- "Stephen Fry joins Norwich City board". BBC News. BBC. 13 August 2010. Archived from the original on 23 July 2015. Retrieved 8 December 2014.
- "Hugh Jackman on boxing and not investing in Norwich City". BBC News. 10 October 2011. Archived from the original on 24 November 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2012.
- "Formula One presenter Jake Humphrey takes Norwich City boss Paul Lambert on Twitter tour to Bahrain". Norwich Evening News. Archived from the original on 16 July 2015.
- "Win, Lose or Draw – Pink Un – Norwich City Football Club News". Pink Un – Norwich City Football Club News. Archived from the original on 7 June 2015.
- "Network Norwich and Norfolk : Simon Thomas has two great Norfolk passions". networknorwich.co.uk. Archived from the original on 11 May 2015.
- "Did the Queen Mother support Canaries?". Eastern Daily Press. Archived from the original on 29 July 2013. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
- "Profile: Ed Balls". The Daily Telegraph. London. 26 October 2007. Archived from the original on 30 June 2009. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- "Jon Ronson, Twitter, 9 September 2020".
- "Famous Norwich City Fans". The North Stand. 2 June 2012. Archived from the original on 17 July 2015. Retrieved 8 December 2014.
- "Norwich City: Fans and board members raise £5m to build new academy". BBC Sport. 27 March 2018.
- Bailey, Michael (3 May 2019). "Canaries call time on bond that prepared Colney for promotion". The Pink Un.
- Freezer, David (8 March 2018). "Canaries announce £3.5m bond scheme to fund new academy facilities at Colney". Eastern Daily Press.
- "The Ownership Structure of Nationwide League Football Clubs 2002–03". football-research.org. Archived from the original on 19 March 2008. Retrieved 23 April 2007.
- Smith, Delia (19 January 2007). "Delia Smith open to Canaries offers". TEAMtalk.com. Archived from the original on 21 February 2007. Retrieved 20 January 2007.
- Club holds Annual General Meeting Archived 22 January 2011 at the Wayback Machine, Norwich City FC, 19 January 2011. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
- "Former Shadow Chancellor joins Norwich City as Chairman of the Board". www.canaries.co.uk. Archived from the original on 5 January 2016. Retrieved 4 January 2016.
- "Norwich City all time records". Soccerbase. Archived from the original on 2 October 2007. Retrieved 25 April 2007.
- "Ricky van Wolfswinkel: Norwich City agree deal for Dutch striker". BBC Sport. 23 March 2013. Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
- "Why being your club's record signing isn't always a good idea". Telegraph. 4 February 2016. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
- "Historical Football Kits – Norwich City". Archived from the original on 6 April 2009. Retrieved 17 February 2009.
- "Flybe step downs main sponsor". Norwich City FC. Archived from the original on 2 March 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2007.
- "Aviva to sponsor Norwich City FC". Aviva. Archived from the original on 29 July 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2012.
- "Aviva extend Canaries sponsorship". BBC Sport. 1 July 2009. Archived from the original on 21 April 2012. Retrieved 21 March 2012.
- "City Announce New Principal Club Partner". Norwich City F.C. 26 June 2017.
- "First team 2020–21". Norwich City Football Club.
- "Greatest Ever Norwich City Team". pinkun. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2008.
- "Norwich City FC Staff Profiles". Archived from the original on 26 April 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
- "Norwich City At Cutting Edge Of Injury Prevention". Archived from the original on 8 March 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
- "Key Appointments Made To Recruitment Department". Norwich City F.C. 31 May 2017.
- "City Announce New Coaching Structure". Norwich City F.C. 23 June 2017.
- "Ed Balls: Norwich City chairman to stand down on Boxing Day". BBC Sport. 1 December 2018. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
- Norwich City Football Club. "CLUB STATEMENT: STUART WEBBER APPOINTED SPORTING DIRECTOR". Retrieved 6 April 2017.
- "So just who was City's top boss?". Eastern Daily Press. Archived from the original on 4 May 2008. Retrieved 13 February 2010.
- "Norwich City F.C. History". Norwich City FC. Archived from the original on 23 July 2010. Retrieved 24 April 2007.
- "Up for the cups". Norwich Evening News. 10 May 2004. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 13 April 2007.
- "Football film kicks off". BBC News. 26 September 2001. Archived from the original on 12 January 2016. Retrieved 28 March 2007.
- "Fascinating trivia (and any goofs) connected with the film". Powell-pressburger.org. Archived from the original on 4 October 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2012.
- "Ladies Team". Canaries.co.uk. Archived from the original on 27 November 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2012.
- Canary Citizens by Mike Davage, John Eastwood, Kevin Platt, published by Jarrold Publishing, (2001), ISBN 0-7117-2020-7
- Norfolk 'n' Good: A Supporter's View of Norwich City's Best-ever Season by Kevin Baldwin, published by Yellow Bird Publishing, (1993), ISBN 0-9522074-0-0
- Second Coming: Supporter's View of the New Era at Norwich City by Kevin Baldwin, published by Yellow Bird Publishing, (1997), ISBN 0-9522074-1-9
- Norwich City Miscellany by Edward Couzens-Lake, published by Pitch Publishing, (2010), ISBN 1-905411-70-7
- Fantasy Football by Edward Couzens-Lake, published by Legends Publishing, (2012), ISBN 978-1906796525
- Norwich City: Greatest Games by Edward Couzens-Lake, published by Pitch Publishing, (2012), ISBN 978-1908051462