Military ranks and insignia of Norway

  (Redirected from Norwegian military ranks)

Military ranks and rank insignia of Norway were changed June 1, 2016, with the reintroduction of the Non-Commissioned Officer Corps, and the abolishment of the one-tier officer system in place since 1975.[1]

New system of 2016Edit

The Storting adopted in 2015 the new scheme for military personnel, Militærordningen.[1] From 2016, the Norwegian Defence Forces have two career ladders for the military personnel; one officer scheme for personnel who with a degree from the military academy, or a university degree and qualification courses, and a non-commissioned officer scheme for personnel with non-commissioned officer school.[2][3]

Commissioned officersEdit

The rank insignia for commissioned officers for the army, navy and air force respectively.

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
  Norwegian Army[4]
                     
General Generalløytnant Generalmajor Brigader Oberst Oberstløytnant Major Kaptein/
Rittmester
Løytnant Fenrik Kadett


  Royal Norwegian Navy[4]
                     
Admiral Viseadmiral Kontreadmiral Flaggkommandør Kommandør Kommandørkaptein Orlogskaptein Kapteinløytnant Løytnant Fenrik Kadett


  Royal Norwegian Air Force[4]
                     
General Generalløytnant Generalmajor Brigader Oberst Oberstløytnant Major Kaptein/
Rittmester
Løytnant Fenrik Kadett


NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer

EnlistedEdit

The following are the rank insignia for enlisted for the army, navy and air force respectively.

NATO code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
  Norwegian Army[4]
                         
Sjefssersjant Sersjantmajor Kommandersersjant Stabssersjant Oversersjant Sersjant 1. klasse Sersjant Korporal 1. klasse Korporal Visekorporal 1. klasse Visekorporal Ledende menig Menig


  Royal Norwegian Navy[4]
                         
Sjefsmester Flaggmester Orlogsmester Flotiljemester Skvadronmester Senior kvartermester Kvartermester Ledende konstabel Konstabel Senior visekonstabel Visekonstabel Ledende menig Menig
Translation Command Master Chief Petty Officer Flag Master War Master Flotilla Master Squadron Master Senior Quartermaster Quartermaster Leading Constable Constable Senior Vice Constable Vice Constable Leading Seaman Seaman
  Royal Norwegian Air Force[4]
                         
Sjefssersjant Sersjantmajor Kommandérsersjant Stabssersjant Oversersjant Vingsersjant Sersjant Seniorspesialist Ledende spesialist Spesialist Visespesialist Ledende flysoldat Flysoldat
Translation Command Sergeant Major Sergeant Major Command Sergeant Staff Sergeant Senior Sergeant Wing Sergeant Sergeant Senior Specialist Leading Specialist Specialist Junior Specialist Leading Airman Airman
NATO code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1

Historic ranksEdit

System 1916–1930Edit

 
Norwegian Army Ranks in 1928.
 
Norwegian Navy ranks 1916-1930.

OfficersEdit

Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  Norway
Army
[5]
                 
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstløitnant Major Kaptein/
Rittmester
Premierløitnant Sekondløitnant
  Navy        
Admiral Viseadmiral Kontreadmiral Kommandør Kommandørkaptein Kaptein Premierløitnant Sekondløitnant

EnlistedEdit

System ?–1975Edit

 
Norwegian ranks 1962.

OfficersEdit

Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  Army
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstløitnant Major Kaptein/
Rittmester
Premierløitnant Sekondløitnant
  Navy        
Admiral Viseadmiral Kontreadmiral Kommandør Kommandørkaptein Kaptein Premierløitnant Sekondløitnant Kadet

EnlistedEdit

System 1975–2016Edit

Norway did not have a non-commissioned officer system and thus Sergeant and Petty officer are grouped with the officers under the common designation befal. The officers are divided into three groups: The befal (company officers, ranks Ensign to Captain inclusive), the staff officers (stabsoffiser, ranks Major to brigadier inclusive), and the generals (Major General to General inclusive).

Fenrik (Ensign) used to be referred to as Second Lieutenant (Norwegian: Fenrik), while the rank of lieutenant went by First Lieutenant. The rank of Brigadier is not an old tradition in the Norwegian armed forces and was instated as a replacement for Oberst I (First Colonel); what is now Oberst used to be Oberst II (Second Colonel). As shown, the Cavalry have two ranks which differ from the regular Army: Dragon (Dragoon) instead of Menig (Private), and Rittmester (Rittmeister) instead of Kaptein (Captain).

The ranks of Grenader and Matros were bestowed upon soldiers who have finished the 12 months compulsory service and had signed one or more three-year contracts to continue serving. The ranks of Visekorporal/Visekonstabel/Vingsoldat (Corporal/Leading Rate) were usually ascribed to soldiers with long and/or outstanding service, though may be bestowed on soldiers with extra responsibilities (e.g. the shift-commander among a group of soldiers on guard-duty). A UB-Korporal/Kvartermesteraspirant (Rate Corporal/Petty Officer-in-training) was a soldier who has finished the UB course (Utskrevet Befalskurs), a course intended to prepare conscripted soldiers for non-commissioned officer duties, but still under training in "the field". After one-year course and service these soldiers were qualified for the rank of Sersjant or Kvartermester.

OfficersEdit

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
  Army &
Air force
                   
General Generalløytnant Generalmajor Brigader Oberst Oberstløytnant Major Kaptein/
Rittmester
Løytnant Fenrik
  Navy                    
Admiral Viseadmiral Kontreadmiral Flaggkommandør Kommandør Kommandørkaptein Orlogskaptein Kapteinløytnant Løytnant Fenrik

EnlistedEdit

The rank insignia for enlisted for the army, navy and air force respectively.

NATO code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
  Norwegian Army            
Sersjant Korporal Visekorporal 1. klasse Visekorporal Menig
Sergeant Corporal Master Lance Corporal Lance Corporal Private
  Royal Norwegian Navy        
Kvartermester Konstabel Visekonstabel Menig
Sergeant Corporal Seaman Junior Seaman
  Royal Norwegian Air Force              
Sersjant Korporal Visekorporal 1. klasse Visekorporal Flysoldat
Sergeant Corporal Master Lance Corporal Lance Corporal Aircraftman

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Forsvaret innfører ny personellordning" (norsk). Regjeringen. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
  2. ^ "Her er de nye gradene" (norsk). Forsvaret (2015-12-11). Retrieved 2017-02-01.
  3. ^ "TJ 12-3-2 Bestemmelse for Hærens distinksjoner og andre uniformstegn, s. 10" (norsk). Forsvaret (2016-04-26). Retrieved 2017-02-01.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Militære grader". forsvaret.no (in Norwegian). Norwegian Armed Forces. 4 February 2021. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  5. ^ Rühl, Moritz. "The Army of Norway 1939". Uniformology. Retrieved 30 April 2019.