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The Norwegian Military Academy (Krigsskolen), in Oslo, educates officers of the Norwegian Army and serves as the King's Royal Guard. The academy was established in 1750, and is the oldest institution for higher education in Norway.[1] The current commandant is Colonel Erlend Bekkestad.[2]

Norwegian Military Academy
Norwegian Military Academy.svg
Active1750 to present
Country Norway
BranchNorwegian Army
TypeTraining
RoleArmy Officer Training
Garrison/HQLinderud leir
Commanders
Current
commander
Colonel Erlend Bekkestad

HistoryEdit

The Commander-in-Chief of the Norwegian armed forces, Hans Jacob Arnold Jensen, sent a request to the King of Denmark-Norway in 1750 to establish a school of mathematics in Christiania. The King determined, through the Royal Resolution of 16 December 1750, to establish Den frie matematiske skole (The Free Mathematical School). It was the first institution offering higher education in Norway, but it did not give any extensive military education. The students were recruited from the officer corps or from nobles in military service.[citation needed]

After a reorganization in 1804, the school became an officer school and an independent unit with its own command. From 1876-1880 a college degree was required to apply. The school was first established at 10 Tollbugata in Olso. It was moved to St. Olavsplass in 1899 and in 1918 it was moved back to Tollbugata 10. In 1969, it was moved to Linderud, where it is currently located.[citation needed]

Between 1984 and 1995 Krigsskolen Gimlemoen in Kristiansand was also in operation. This was a 2-year degree (in addition to a one-year NCO/Sergeant schools, and at least one year service as an NCO as a requirement for admission). Students from KSG was awarded a commission as officers in the Army. [1].

In 2003, the Military Academy was obligated to follow the Law of Universities and granted the right to award bachelor's degrees.[1]

Application and selectionEdit

Applicants must be Norwegian citizens aged at least eighteen, have good health and no criminal record, and must have completed high school and a one-year NCO course.[3]

After being accepted as candidates, all applicants must then complete and pass a two-week field exercise, with physical tests which include a three kilometre run, hang-ups, push-ups, sit-ups, and a 200-metre swimming test.[citation needed]

 
The entrance to the old Academy building located in Tollbugata

OrganizationEdit

The Academy is a part of the Norwegian Army. The Academy consists of seven courses. One course is located at Terningmoen, with a yearlong NCO course and prep course. Five courses are located at Linderud, with general education, engineering education and a qualifying course. The logistical course is located at the Naval Academy in Bergen.[citation needed]

CoursesEdit

The Academy offers a general education as well as a specialized engineering and logistical education. In addition, several civilian studies are available.

The general course last for three years and is divided into the fields of military power, leadership, language and inter-cultural communication, strategy and physical training. When finished, the cadets will serve as platoon commanders.[4]

The engineering course lasts for three years and is divided into the fields of military building techniques, military geography, mathematics, statistics, physics, chemistry and computer science. When finished, the cadets will serve as platoon commanders.[5]

The logistics course lasts for three years and is divided into the fields of methodology, logistics, law and economy. When finished, the cadets will serve as logistical officers.[6]

The NCO course lasts for one year and is divided into the fields of military leadership, tactics and operations, physical training, language and mathematics. After completing the course, the cadets can start a three-year course.[7]

The qualifying course lasts for six months and includes the fields of military power and operations, military leadership, methodology and physical training.[8]

TrainingEdit

During the courses, the cadets complete several field exercises to train leadership, tactics and decision-making. One of the infamous field exercises is the combat course, conducted to test the limits of the cadets in a combat environment over a long period of time. The exercise must be completed, and certain demands must be met before the cadets qualify the 3-year courses.[citation needed]

TraditionsEdit

The classes have a tradition of taking names from Norwegian officers, inspiring the cadets to follow in their paths. The Norwegian Military Academy performs ceremonial duties for the King of Norway. A parade is conducted every 16 December to celebrate the establishment of the Academy. In addition, the Academy conducts a parade on 8 May, to celebrate the Liberation Day or Veteran Day.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Historikk". Krigsskolen.
  2. ^ Forsvaret. "Sjef Krigsskolen" (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 2018-01-06.
  3. ^ "Opptakskrav". Krigsskolen.
  4. ^ "Operativ utdanning". Krigsskolen.
  5. ^ "Ingeniør utdanning". Krigsskolen.
  6. ^ "Logistikk utdanning". Krigsskolen.
  7. ^ "Gjennomgående". Krigsskolen.
  8. ^ "Kvalifiseringskurs". Krigsskolen.