Geological Survey of Norway
Geological Survey of Norway (Norwegian: Norges geologiske undersøkelse), abbr: NGU is a Norwegian government agency responsible for geologic mapping and research. The agency is located in Trondheim with an office in Tromsø, with about 200 employees. It is subordinate to the Norwegian Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries.
|Norges geologiske undersøkelse|
The entrance to NGU's headquarters in Trondheim, Norway
|Government agency overview|
|Motto||Geology for the society|
|Annual budget||260 million NOK|
|Parent department||Norwegian Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries|
NGU's main work is related to collecting, processing and impart knowledge related to the physical, chemical and mineralogical characteristics of the countries bedrock, mineral resources, deposits and groundwater. Important areas include the Arctic, Antarctica, Svalbard and the continental shelf. With the motto "Geology for the Society", NGU provides maps and geological information in national databases. The activity is organized after five key principles:
- Long-term value creation from geological resources
- Increase use of geoscience knowledge in spatial planning and development
- Enhanced knowledge of the country's construction and geological processes
- Good communication, management and customization of geological knowledge
- Increased quality and efficiency through good interaction internally and externally
The Geological Survey of Norway was established on 6 February 1858 by Order in Council. A few years earlier, the geology student Theodor Kjerulf had submitted the idea of a Norwegian geological survey to the Norwegian interior ministry. The survey would serve to map the country's agricultural areas and mineral deposits, as well as systematically study how the Norwegian landscape had been formed. In the mid-19th century Norway was modernizing quickly by developing industry and knowledge, along with evolving cultural life. An institution such as a Norwegian geological survey would be "convenient, scientifically necessary and honorable for the nation". The first years of its existence, mapping the bedrock, superficial deposits and mineral resources was its principal task, but it contributed to a Norwegian sense of ownership to the land, something that was especially important around 1905, after the Union with Sweden was dissolved. The manager Theodor Kjerulf, and his assistant, Tellef Dahll, shared the mapping of Norway. They purchased equipment, planned the work and trained their field assistants to carry out the surveys.
Manager Kjerulf along with Dahll and several assistants had, after about twenty years of work, completed three impressive sets of maps. Det sødenfjeldske in 1:400 000, Trondheim stift in 1:800 000 and Det nordlige Norge in 1:1 million. The maps and their descriptions gave new and valuable knowledge about the Norwegian landscape, and showed that it was possible to combine the scientific, economical and cultural ambitions Kjerulf had fronted when he set out to create the survey.
There are five support divisions within the agency:
- Geological Mapping
- Solid Earth Geology
- Quaternary Geology
- Marine Geology
- Geochemistry and Hydrogeology
- Geohazard and Earth Observation
- Geological Resources and Environment
- Natural Construction Materials
- Mineral resources
- NGU Laboratory
- Information and Communication Technology
- Geomatics and IT
- HR & Resource Management
- Accounting and Administration
- Communications and Public Relations
|Theodor Kjerulf||6. February 1858 – 1888|
|Hans Henrik Reusch||1888–1921|
|The title manager was replaced by Director-general in 1915.|
|Arne Bjørlykke||1994 – 1 August. 2006|
|Morten Smelror||1 August 2006 – 2018|
|May Britt Myhr||2018–|
- Government.no: Subordinate agencies and institutions.  2012-07-11.
- Geological Survey of Norway. About NGU Archived 20 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine 2008-01-27.
- NGU - Annual report 2008.  2008-01-27.
- Document from the establishment of NGU, letter from Th. Kjerulf to the Interior ministry of Norway, 8 August 1856.