Northumberland County, New Brunswick

Northumberland County is located in northeastern New Brunswick, Canada.[2]

Northumberland
Location within New Brunswick.
Location within New Brunswick.
CountryCanada
ProvinceNew Brunswick
Established1785
Area
 • Land12,868.78 km2 (4,968.66 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Total44,952
 • Density3.5/km2 (9/sq mi)
 • Change
2011-16
Decrease 2.7%
 • Dwellings
21,792
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (ADT)
Area code(s)506

GeographyEdit

Northumberland County is covered by thick forests, whose products stimulate the economy. The highest peaks in the province, including Mount Carleton lie in the northwestern corner of the county.

The county is dominated by the Miramichi River, world famous for its salmon fishing. The lower portion of the river is an estuary that widens into Miramichi Bay, a part of the Gulf of St. Lawrence.

ServicesEdit

The city of Miramichi is a local service centre for the county and surrounding regions with schools, hospitals and government offices and retail locations. The county has several saw mills in the city of Miramichi and up the Southwest Branch of the Miramichi River. There were formerly two large pulp and paper mills at Miramichi.

Chatham was also home to an air force base, CFB Chatham, until 1996. Renous-Quarryville, located along the Southwest Miramichi was also home to an army post - a federal maximum security penitentiary is now located on the site.

Census subdivisionsEdit

CommunitiesEdit

There are five municipalities within the county (listed by 2016 population):[3]

Official Name Designation Area km2 Population Parish
Miramichi City 179.47 17,537 Nelson
Newcastle
Neguac Village 26.75 1,684 Alnwick
Rogersville Village 7.20 1,166 Rogersville
Blackville Village 21.13 958 Blackville
Doaktown Village 29.07 792 Blissfield

First NationsEdit

There are five First Nations reserves in Northumberland County (listed by 2011 population):[4]

Official name Designation Area km2 Population Parish
Esgenoôpetitj 14 Reserve 9.54 1,046 Alnwick
Eel Ground 2 Reserve 10.90 448 Northesk
Red Bank 4 Reserve 16.18 352 Southesk
Big Hole Tract 8 (South) Reserve 27.82 34 Northesk
Tabusintac 9 Reserve 22.00 10 Alnwick

Three communities in the county are part of the Miꞌkmaq Nation: Metepenagiag Miꞌkmaq Nation, at the junction of the Northwest Miramichi River and the Little Southwest Miramichi River; Eel Ground First Nation, close to the junction of the Northwest and Southwest Miramichi Rivers near Newcastle; and Burnt Church First Nation on the northern shore of Miramichi Bay.

ParishesEdit

The county is subdivided into thirteen parishes (listed by 2016 population):[3]

Official Name Area km2 Population Municipalities Unincorporated communities
Alnwick 669.09 3,640 Neguac (village)
Esgenoôpetitj 14 (reserve)
Tabusintac 9 (reserve)
Barryville / Oak Point-Bartibog Bridge / Bayshore / Blacklands / Brantville / Breau Road / Burnt Church /
Cains Point / Christies Landing / Covedell / Drisdelle Settlement / Fairisle / Gaythorne /
Lagacéville / Lauvergot / Lavillette / Lower Bartibogue / Old Dans Landing / Pontgravé /
Price Settlement / Rivière-des-Caches / Rivière-du-Portage / Robichaud Settlement /
Saint-Wilfred / Sheldrake Island / Stymiest Road / Tabusintac / The Willows /
Village-Saint-Laurent / Winston / Wishart Point
Northesk 3,355.15 2,263 Eel Ground 2 (reservation)
Big Hole Tract 8 (reservation)
Bear House / Big Hole / Boom Road / Chaplin Island Road / Curtis Settlement / Curventon /
Eel Ground / Exmoor / Heath Steele / Indian Falls Depot / Lumsden Road / Maple Glen /
Mathias Landing / North Esk Boom / Popple Depot / Redstone Rapids / Sevogle /
Strathadam / Sunny Corner / Trout Brook / Wayerton / Whitney
Hardwicke 278.60 2,201 Auburnville / Baie-Sainte-Anne / Bay du Vin / Bay du Vin Beach / Eel River Bridge /
Escuminac / Fox Island / Gregan / Hardwicke / Hardwood Settlement / Hortons Creek /
Manuels / Point Gardiner / Vin Island
Blackville 824.02 2,028 Blackville (village) Barnett / Barnettville / Hardscramble / Keenan Siding / Lockstead / Smith Crossing /
Shinnickburn
Southesk 2,467.02 1,694 Red Bank 4 (reservation) Cassilis / Dennis / Garden Road / Halcomb / Harris Brook Settlement / Loggie Lodge /
Lyttleton / Maple Hill / Matthews / Pratts Camp / Ramsay Lodge / Red Bank / Red Rock /
Sillikers / South Esk / Warwick Settlement / Williamstown
Glenelg 505.21 1,560 Bay du Vin Mills / Black River Bridge / Centre Napan / Fowlies Mill / Glenwood /
Little Branch / Lower Napan / McKenzie Settlement / Napan Bay / Point aux Carr /
Redmondville / St. Margarets / Victoria / Wine River
Ludlow 1,016.66 1,543 (note) Carrolls Crossing / Ludlow / McNamee / Porter Cove / Priceville
Newcastle 578.92 1,136 Miramichi (city) Bartibog / Beaver Brook Station / Bellefond / Beveridge / Busby / East Beaver Brook /
Elizabethton / Highbank / Little Bartibog / Lower Newcastle-Russellville / McEwan Dam / Morrissy /
Patterson Siding / Patterson Station / Telly Road Crossing
Rogersville 326.33 1,102 Rogersville (village) Collette / East Collette / Lakeland / Marcelville / Murray Settlement / North Rogersville /
Pleasant Ridge / Regneautville / Rosaireville / Sapin-Court / Shediac Ridge / St. Bernard /
Vienneau / West Collette / Young Ridge
Derby 61.01 976 Bryenton / Davidson, New Brunswick / Derby / Derby Junction / Elmtree / Lower Derby /
Manderville / Millerton / Northwest Bridge / Parker Road / Renous-Quarryville /
South Nelson Road / Upper Derby
Nelson 354.57 957 Miramichi (city) Barnaby River / Chelmsford / Doyles Brook / Hughes / Kirkwood / Lower Barnaby /
McKinleyville / Passmore / Semiwagan Ridge / Upper Barnaby
Chatham 22.70 511 Lower Napan / Middle Island / Savoy Beach / Snyders Beach / Upper Napan
Blissfield 1,240.54 450 Doaktown (village) Amostown / O'Donnelltown / Storeytown
  • note: Statistics Canada did not report data for Ludlow Parish in the 2016 Census. Data shown is from 2011 Census.

DemographicsEdit

Historical Census Data - Northumberland County, New Brunswick[5][1]
YearPop.±%
1991 52,983—    
1996 52,153−1.6%
2001 50,817−2.6%
2006 48,868−3.8%
2006A 49,714+1.7%
2011 48,355−2.7%
2011R 46,204−4.4%
2016 44,952−2.7%
(A) adjustment due to boundary change. (R) 2011 population was revised.

As a census division in the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Northumberland County had a population of 45,005 living in 19,945 of its 21,940 total private dwellings, a change of 0.1% from its 2016 population of 44,952. With a land area of 12,843.39 km2 (4,958.86 sq mi), it had a population density of 3.5/km2 (9.1/sq mi) in 2021.[6]

Canada census – Northumberland County, New Brunswick community profile
20162011
Population44,952 (-2.7**% from 2011)48,355** (-2.7% from 2006)
Land area12,868.78 km2 (4,968.66 sq mi)12,932.70 km2 (4,993.34 sq mi)
Population density3.5/km2 (9.1/sq mi)3.7/km2 (9.6/sq mi)
Median age49.1 (M: 48.3, F: 49.9)46.4 (M: 45.5, F: 47.1)
Total private dwellings21,79222,078
Median household income$55,223$47,858
Notes: **2011 population was revised to 46,204
References: 2016[3] 2011[4] earlier[7][8]

LanguageEdit

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Northumberland County, New Brunswick[5]
Census Total
English
French
English & French
Non-official languages
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2016
44,425
33,095   1.9% 74.49% 9,705   20.2% 21.85% 420   3.7% 0.95% 1,055   5.4% 2.38%
2011
47,425
33,750   0.7% 71.16% 12,155   4.1% 25.63% 405   80.0% 0.85% 1,115   26.4% 2.35%
2006
48,185
33,775   3.7% 70.09% 12,670   6.4% 26.29% 225   40.8% 0.47% 1,515   31.7% 3.14%
2001
50,155
35,090   3.7% 69.96% 13,535   2.1% 26.99% 380   2.7% 0.76% 1,150   48.4% 2.29%
1996
51,390
36,420 n/a 70.87% 13,825 n/a 26.90% 370 n/a 0.72% 775 n/a 1.51%

Access RoutesEdit

Highways and numbered routes that run through the county, including external routes that start or finish at the county limits:[9]

Protected areas and attractionsEdit

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Northumberland, County [Census division], New Brunswick". Statistics Canada. Retrieved September 23, 2019.
  2. ^ "Northumberland County". New Brunswick Provincial Archives.
  3. ^ a b c "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. August 12, 2021. Retrieved September 24, 2019.
  4. ^ a b "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 21, 2019. Retrieved March 27, 2014.
  5. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  6. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada and census divisions". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved April 3, 2022.
  7. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. August 20, 2019.
  8. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 18, 2021.
  9. ^ Atlantic Canada Back Road Atlas ISBN 978-1-55368-618-7

External linksEdit



Coordinates: 47°02′N 65°35′W / 47.033°N 65.583°W / 47.033; -65.583