Northern Front (Russian Empire)

The Northern Front (Russian: Северный фронт) was an army group[a] of the Imperial Russian Army during the World War I. It was responsible for carrying out operations against the Central Powers along a front line that stretched 280 kilometers, from Riga in the north down to northern Belarus. It was established in August 1915 when the Northwestern Front was split into the Northern and Western Front following the Great Retreat, and existed until the demobilization of the Russian army in 1918 due to the unrest from the Russian Revolution. In 1917 it had a total troop strength of 1.4 million men.[1]

Northern Front
Северный фронт
Russian generals WW1.jpg
The headquarters staff of the Northern Front, with General Nikolai Ruzsky in the center, 1917
Country Russian Empire
BranchRussian Imperial Army
TypeArmy group
EngagementsWorld War I
Nikolai Ruzsky
Alexei Kuropatkin

Armies of the Northern FrontEdit

The following field armies were part of the Northern Front.[1]

  • 5th Army (Aug. 1915 – early 1918)
  • 6th Army (Aug, 1915 – Dec. 1916)
  • 12th Army (Aug. 1915 – early 1918)
  • 1st Army (Apr. 1916 – Jul. 1917, Sept. 1917 – early 1918)

Commanders of the Northern FrontEdit

The following officers served as commanders of the Northern Front.[1]


  1. ^ a b c Северный фронт (in Russian). Retrieved 19 November 2017.


  1. ^ A "front" is the Russian equivalent of an army group, not to be confused with a geographic theater of operations.

See alsoEdit