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Hauts-de-France

  (Redirected from Northern France)

Hauts-de-France[1] (French pronunciation: ​[o d(ə) fʁɑ̃s], translates to "Upper France" in English; Picard: Heuts-d'Franche) is a region of France created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014, from a merger of Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Picardy. The new region came into existence on 1 January 2016, after the regional elections in December 2015.[2] France's Conseil d'État approved Hauts-de-France as the name of the region on 28 September 2016, effective 30 September 2016.[3]

Hauts-de-France
Region
Hauts-de-France in France 2016.svg
Country  France
Prefecture Lille
Departments
Government
 • President Xavier Bertrand (DVD)
Area
 • Total 31,813 km2 (12,283 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 5,973,098
 • Density 190/km2 (490/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 code FR-HDF
NUTS Region FRE
Website www.regionhautsdefrance.fr

The region covers an area of more than 31,813 km2 (12,283 sq mi), and has a population of 5,973,098.[4] It borders Normandy, Grand Est, Île-de-France, Belgium (Flemish Region and Wallonia) and the United Kingdom via the English Channel.

Contents

ToponymyEdit

The region's interim name Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie was a hyphenated placename, created by hyphenating the merged regions' names—Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Picardie—in alphabetical order.[5]

On 14 March 2016, well ahead of the 1 July deadline, the Regional council decided on Hauts-de-France as the region's permanent name.[1][5] The provisional name of the region was retired on 30 September 2016, when the new name of the region, Hauts-de-France, took effect.[3]

GeographyEdit

 
Map of the new region with its five départements, colored according to the historical provinces as they existed until 1790.
  Artois
  Cambrai (fr)
  Other

The region borders Belgium (Flanders and Wallonia) to the northeast, the English Channel to the northwest, as well as the French regions of Grand Est to the southeast, Île-de-France to the south, and Normandy to the southwest. It is connected to the United Kingdom (England) via the Channel Tunnel.

DepartmentsEdit

Hauts-de-France comprises five departments: Aisne, Nord, Oise, Pas-de-Calais, and Somme.

Major communitiesEdit

 
View of England from Cap Gris Nez, France
  1. Lille (227,560; region prefecture)
  2. Amiens (133,448)
  3. Roubaix (94,713)
  4. Tourcoing (91,923)
  5. Dunkirk (90,995)
  6. Calais (72,589)
  7. Villeneuve-d'Ascq (62,308)
  8. Saint-Quentin (55,978)
  9. Beauvais (54,289)
  10. Valenciennes (42,691)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "La Région a voté et s'appelle désormais Hauts-de-France" [The region has voted and is now called Hauts-de-France]. La Voix du Nord (in French). Lille. 15 March 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
  2. ^ "La carte à 13 régions définitivement adoptée" [The 13-region map finally adopted]. Le Monde (in French). Agence France-Presse. 17 December 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
  3. ^ a b Décret n° 2016-1265 du 28 septembre 2016 portant fixation du nom et du chef-lieu de la région Hauts-de-France (in French)
  4. ^ "Populations légales 2012 - Populations légales des régions". Insee. Retrieved 16 January 2015.
  5. ^ a b Loi n° 2015-29 du 16 janvier 2015 relative à la délimitation des régions, aux élections régionales et départementales et modifiant le calendrier électoral (in French)

External linksEdit