Northern Department

The Northern Department was a department of the government of the Kingdom of England from 1660 to 1707 and later the Kingdom of Great Britain from 1707 until 1782 when its functions were reorganised into the new Home Office and Foreign Office.[1]

Northern Department
Coat of Arms of Great Britain (1714-1801).svg
Department overview
Superseding agency
JurisdictionKingdom of Great Britain
Minister responsible


The department was responsible for dealing with government business in the northern part of Europe. This included foreign affairs concerning such northern powers as Russia, Sweden, Denmark, the Netherlands and the Holy Roman Empire. It was administered by the Secretary of State for the Northern Department.

The Northern Department's opposite number within government was the Southern Department, responsible (as its name suggests) for affairs in southern Europe as well as domestic and colonial affairs.

In 1782, the Northern and Southern Departments were reorganized, with the Foreign Office taking over their foreign affairs responsibilities and the Home Office taking over their domestic affairs responsibilities.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Sainty, J. C. "Lists of appointments British History Online". Originally published by University of London, London, 1973. Retrieved 12 March 2017.

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