Northampton Medieval Synagogue

The Northampton Medieval Synagogue is an archaeological site that contains remnants of a medieval Jewish synagogue, located in Sheep Street, Northampton, Northamptonshire, England, in the United Kingdom.

Northampton Medieval Synagogue
AffiliationJudaism (former)
Ecclesiastical or organisational statusSynagogue (former)
StatusClosed; remnants only
LocationNorthampton, Northamptonshire, England
CountryUnited Kingdom
Northampton Medieval Synagogue is located in Northampton
Northampton Medieval Synagogue
Location of the former synagogue remnants
in central Northampton
Geographic coordinates52°14′20″N 0°53′53″W / 52.2389354°N 0.8979419°W / 52.2389354; -0.8979419
Completedc. 1200

The former synagogue site was discovered in 2010 by Marcus Roberts of National Anglo-Jewish Heritage Trail (JTrails) and Caroline Sturdy Colls, a PhD archaeology student at Birmingham University, after researching Northampton's medieval Jewish history. The synagogue appeared to have survived the expulsion of Jews in 1290 and the great fire of Northampton in 1674. Town Clerk records from 1751 described the building as "very substantial; a fair stately hall."[2]

The remains of the medieval synagogue include stone walls and a stone staircase located 3.7 metres (12 ft) below a kebab shop, named the Kebabish takeaway, and a neighbourhood pub, named "The Bear". A wall in the cellar of the pub was part of the medieval synagogue.[2]

Northampton was among the largest medieval Jewish communities in England. In 1992, remnants of a 12th-century Jewish cemetery were discovered by archaeologists.[3]

See also



  1. ^ Shulman, David (14 December 2011). "Northampton's Medieval Jewish Community: Medieval (Pre-1290) Jewish Communities in the English Midlands". Jewish Communities and Records - UK. JewishGen and the Jewish Genealogical Society of Great Britain. Retrieved 12 May 2024.
  2. ^ a b Dysch, Marcus (15 April 2010). "Northampton synagogue discovered under kebab shop". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  3. ^ "Remains of medieval synagogue uncovered under Northampton kebab shop". Northampton Chronicle and Echo. 9 April 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2024 – via National Anglo-Jewish Heritage Trail.