North West Island
North West Island is a coral cay in the southern Great Barrier Reef, located 75 kilometres northeast of Gladstone, Queensland. North West Island forms part of Capricornia Cays National Park and with an area of 1.05 km2, the island is the second largest coral cay in the Great Barrier Reef. It is part of the Capricornia Cays Important Bird Area.
North West Island shoreline
|Area||1.05 km2 (0.41 sq mi)|
|Local Government Area||Gladstone Regional Council|
Guano was mined on North West Island during the 1890s. Turtle soup canneries operated on the island from 1904 to 1914 and 1924 to 1926. The environmental importance of North West Island was recognised when it was included as part of Capricornia Cays National Park in 1980.
Mystery of the GraveEdit
There is a grave located at the Eastern End of the island. There are some differing stories as to the origin of the grave these include In 1902
In our travels through the scrub we came across a baby's grave, beautifully neat and clean even to this day. Loving hands had erected a neat white palisading around the grave, which had for headstone a wooden slab with name and age of the dead baby. The little one sleeps her long sleep under the shade of the evergreen, with the waves bringing a perpetual lullaby 
Close to this store is a grave where one of these aliens sleeps his (or her) last long sleep. There is a doubt as to the sex for Mr. Owens was uncertain on the point.
Today there is but one evidence of that early settlement is a lonely grave, said to be that of a girl of 17 years of age, whose name, to be read on a tiny wooden cross, was L.L. Sundball. The grave is surrounded by a neat fence in excellent preservation. There is some mystery as to the means by which it maintains a permanent neatness.
Beneath the gnarled and twisted branches of an aged Tournefortia tree, and surrounded by a neat paling fence, there stands on North-west Island a lonely grave. Carved on the wooden cross at the head is the name L. L. A. Sundvall. and above are the letters H.H. Maybe In this lonely plot, canopied by the dense growth so typical of the Barrier Reef islands, lies hidden a stirring story of heroism, or a gripping epic of a battle against over whelming nature. Maybe the truth will never out, for apart from the bald letters on the cross there is nothing to show the why and wherefore of this solitary resting spot.
Later in 1928
Although it is a few years since he paid a visit there Mr. Barton states that the grave near the old shed is that of an infant, about eighteen months old. He also stated that he had been informed that an adult, who died from the effects of a bite from a sea snake, was buried on the island.
There has, been reference in the papers to a grave with a cross with the letters T.J.G. cut in it out on North West Island, the identity of the occupant being unknown. The remains of a man named Tom Galviui, or Galeon, a red-shirt of Garibaldi, are there. The rest, a shark carried away as he was wading out on the reef to a dinghy
In mid April 2010, it was suspected that the 2010 Great Barrier Reef oil spill had reached North West Island. Small globules of oil were found along a 1 km long section of a beach. Clean-up crews were removing the oil by 14 April. A Maritime Safety Queensland spokesperson doubted the oil could have arrived on the island from the MV Shen Neng 1 so quickly, claiming the oil was from an earlier spill.
Flora and faunaEdit
The vegetation of the island is dominated by dense Pisonia forest. North West Island is an important nesting ground for seabirds and turtles. As many as 500,000 seabirds habitat the island at any one time. Seventy per cent of the total breeding population of wedge-tailed shearwaters on Australia's east coast nest on the island. The Capricorn silvereye, a small bird endemic to the southern Great Barrier Reef, is found on the island. The green sea turtle and the endangered loggerhead sea turtle nest on the island between November and February. Because of these important rookeries the size of nesting populations is monitored on an annual basis.
- "IBA: Capricornia Cays". Birdata. Birds Australia. Retrieved 12 June 2011.
- Capricornia Cays National Park Visitor Guide. Brisbane: Environmental Protection Agency - Queensland Government. 2008.
- "THE BARRIER REEF AND KEPPEL ISLANDS". The Queenslander. LXIII, (1400). Queensland, Australia. 20 September 1902. p. 639. Retrieved 8 December 2019 – via National Library of Australia.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
- "WITH THE TURTLES". Morning Bulletin (18, 366). Queensland, Australia. 28 November 1923. p. 11. Retrieved 8 December 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
- "GLADSTONE ENTERPRISE". The Queenslander (5994). Queensland, Australia. 6 March 1926. p. 11. Retrieved 8 December 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
- "No title". The Queenslander. Queensland, Australia. 9 August 1928. p. 41. Retrieved 8 December 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
- "NORTH-WEST ISLAND". Morning Bulletin (18, 370). Queensland, Australia. 3 December 1923. p. 8. Retrieved 8 December 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
- "SOME REMINISCENCES". Morning Bulletin (20237). Queensland, Australia. 24 September 1929. p. 13. Retrieved 8 December 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Coolangatta Gold champ Jacob Lollback found dead". The Courier-Mail. Queensland Newspapers. 23 September 2009. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
- "Island oil spill is isolated: minister". Brisbane Times. Fairfax Digital. 14 April 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
- "Shen Neng 1 oil clean-up starts at North West Island". Herald Sun. Herald and Weekly Times. 14 April 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
- Colin J. Limpus; Kate M. Winter; John Meech; Holly J. Fisher; Matthew S. Harvey; Jonathon P. Hyde (2008). "Queensland Turtle Conservation Project: North West Island Study 2007-2008" (PDF). The State of Queensland. Retrieved 22 May 2010.