The North West (often hyphenated to the North-West) is the one of the six geopolitical zones of Nigeria representing both a geographic and political region of the country's northwest. It comprises seven statesJigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Sokoto, and Zamfara.[1]

North West
Country Nigeria
Largest cityKano
Major cities
Time zoneUTC+1 (WAT)
Major languages

Geographically, the zone is almost entirely within the tropical West Sudanian savanna ecoregion. Culturally, the majority of the zone falls within Hausaland–the indigenous cultural homeland of the Hausa people, a group which makes up the largest ethnic percentage of the northwestern population; however, there are sizable minorities of Fulani people and other groups, mainly on the zone's peripheries.

Economically, the North West's urban areas–like the city of Kano–are large boosts to the Nigerian economy[2] while most rural areas lag behind due to insecurity,[3][4] low education rates, and government neglect.[5] The region has a population of about 49 million people, around 23% of the total population of the country. Kano is the most populous city in the North West as well as the second most populous city in Nigeria and the twentieth most populous city in Africa. Other large northwestern cities include (in order by population) Kaduna, Zaria, Sokoto, Katsina, Gusau, Garki, and Funtua.


  1. ^ Quadri, Opeyemi (2021-10-17). "6 Geopolitical Zones In Nigeria And The States Under Them". Retrieved 2022-11-04.
  2. ^ "Kano | Location, History, & Facts | Britannica". Retrieved 2022-11-04.
  3. ^ "Insecurity: The Bane of Northern Nigeria – THISDAYLIVE". Retrieved 2022-11-04.
  4. ^ "North West Archives". Premium Times Nigeria. Retrieved 2022-11-04.
  5. ^ "UN must recognise 'critical emergency' malnutrition crisis in northwest Nigeria - Nigeria | ReliefWeb". Retrieved 2022-11-04.