TransPennine Express, often abbreviated to TPE, is a British train operating company owned by FirstGroup operating the TransPennine Express franchise. It runs regional and intercity rail services between the major cities of Northern England and Scotland.
1 April 2016 – 31 March 2023
|Main route(s)||North West England, Yorkshire and Humber, North East England, Scotland|
|Fleet size||61 units|
|National Rail abbreviation||TP|
The franchise operates all its services to and through Manchester covering three main routes. The service provides rail links for major towns and cities such as Edinburgh, Glasgow, Liverpool, Sheffield, Hull, Leeds, York, Scarborough, Middlesbrough and Newcastle.
TransPennine Express runs trains 24 hours a day, including through New Year's Eve night. Trains run between York, Leeds and Manchester Airport at least every three hours every night of the week. The franchise operates 51 three-carriage Class 185 diesel units and 10 four-carriage Class 350 electric units. It is planned most of the fleet will be replaced by 45 new-built five-carriage units by the end of 2019, in addition to retaining a number of Class 185 DMUs.
The TransPennine Express brand was launched in the early 1990s by British Rail's Regional Railways sector. It became part of Regional Railways North East and on 2 March 1997 was privatised with Northern Spirit and its successor, Arriva Trains Northern maintaining the brand.
In 2000, the Strategic Rail Authority announced that it planned to reorganise the North West Regional Railways and Regional Railways North East franchises operated by First North Western and Arriva Trains Northern. A TransPennine Express franchise would be created for the long-distance regional services, the remaining services being operated by a new Northern franchise.
In July 2003, the TransPennine franchise was awarded to a joint venture between FirstGroup and Keolis, and the services operated by Arriva Trains Northern and First North Western were transferred to First TransPennine Express on 1 February 2004. On 11 November 2007, the services from Manchester to Edinburgh and Glasgow via the West Coast Main Line formerly operated by Virgin CrossCountry were transferred to First TransPennine Express.
In August 2014, the Department for Transport announced FirstGroup, Keolis/Go-Ahead and Stagecoach had been shortlisted to bid for the next franchise. In December 2015, FirstGroup was awarded the franchise with TransPennine Express taking over on 1 April 2016. The franchise will run until 31 March 2023 with an option to extend for two years.
As part of a recasting of the franchise map by the Department for Transport, services from Manchester Airport to Blackpool North, Manchester Airport to Barrow in Furness and Oxenholme to Windermere were transferred to the Northern franchise on 1 April 2016.
The TransPennine Express routes are subdivided into three operations:
- North TransPennine, which includes all routes that pass through the core section between Manchester and Leeds;
- Anglo-Scottish, which consists of services on the West Coast Main Line;
- South TransPennine, which includes services running on the Hope Valley line and the South Humberside Main Line.
Details of each route, including maps and timetables, are on the TransPennine Express official website (see External links, below). In May 2018, following the transfer of the Manchester to Huddersfield Northern stopping service to TPE, regular services ceased between some of the intermediate Pennine stations, most daytime services either stopped at Mossley and Slaithwaite, or Greenfield and Marsden. Following the December 2018 timetable change, however, regular services resumed between Marsden and Slathwaite.
The following services run regularly, Mondays to Saturdays (Sunday service is similar except where noted), with frequencies in trains per hour (tph):
|Manchester Airport to Middlesbrough||1||Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Oxford Road, Manchester Victoria, Huddersfield, Dewsbury, Leeds, York, Thirsk, Northallerton, Yarm, Thornaby||185, 68 & Mark 5A|
|Manchester Airport to Newcastle||1||Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Oxford Road, Manchester Victoria, Huddersfield, Leeds, York, Darlington (1tp2h), Durham|
|Liverpool Lime Street to Newcastle||1||Newton-le-Willows, Manchester Victoria, Huddersfield, Leeds, York, Northallerton, Darlington, Durham, Chester-le-Street (1tp2h)|
|Liverpool Lime Street to Scarborough||1||Lea Green, Manchester Victoria, Huddersfield, Leeds, York, Malton, Seamer|
|Manchester Piccadilly to Hull||1||Stalybridge, Mossley, Huddersfield, Dewsbury, Leeds, Garforth, Selby, Brough|
|Manchester Piccadilly to Huddersfield||1||Stalybridge, Mossley (irregular), Greenfield, Marsden, Slaithwaite|
|Huddersfield to Leeds||1||Deighton, Mirfield, Ravensthorpe, Dewsbury, Batley, Morley, Cottingley|
|Manchester Airport to Cleethorpes||1||Manchester Piccadilly, Stockport, Sheffield, Meadowhall Interchange, Doncaster, Scunthorpe, Barnetby, Habrough (1tp2h), Grimsby Town
Trains reverse at Manchester Piccadilly.
|TransPennine North West|
|Manchester Airport to Glasgow Central||1||Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Oxford Road, Bolton[a], Preston, Lancaster, Oxenholme Lake District[b], Penrith[b], Carlisle, Lockerbie[b], Motherwell
|Manchester Airport to Edinburgh Waverley||1||Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Oxford Road, Bolton[a], Preston, Lancaster, Oxenholme Lake District[b], Penrith[b], Carlisle, Lockerbie[b], Haymarket.|
- Bolton is served off peak with pick up / set down restrictions
- Oxenholme Lake District, Penrith and Lockerbie are generally served hourly but there are two-hour gaps at some stations.
Trains from Liverpool-Newcastle will extend to Edinburgh via the East Coast Main Line, calling at Morpeth and giving 2tph from Leeds-Edinburgh together with an hourly CrossCountry service from December 2019.
Direct Liverpool to Glasgow services via the West Coast Main Line are expected to be reintroduced at the December 2019 timetable change. Also at the December 2019 timetable change, the current Manchester Airport to Middlesbrough service will be extended to run to and from Redcar Central on an hourly basis.
TransPennine Express inherited a fleet of four Class 170 and 51 Class 185 DMUs as well as ten Class 350/4 EMUs from First Keolis TransPennine Express, although the Class 170s left for Chiltern Railways to be converted to Class 168s shortly afterwards. After the new rolling stock has been delivered, 22 Class 185 units will be returned to Eversholt Rail Group, whilst the Class 350s are due to transfer to West Midlands Trains after the Class 397 units enter service in late 2019.
|Class||Image||Type||Top speed||Number||Carriages||Routes operated||Built|
|Diesel multiple units|
|185 Desiro||DMU||100||160||51||3||All TransPennine routes||2005–06|
|Electric multiple units|
|350/4 Desiro||EMU||110||177||9||4||Manchester Airport–Edinburgh/Glasgow||2013–14|
|Locomotive hauled stock|
A total of 31 brand new five-car trains will be delivered to TransPennine Express.
|Class||Brand||Image||Type||Top speed||Number||Carriages||Routes operated||Built||In service|
|Electric multiple units|
|397 Civity||Nova 2||EMU||125||200||12||5||
|Bi-mode multiple units|
Former units operated by TransPennine Express include:
|Class||Image||Type||Top speed||Number||Carriages||Notes||Built||Left Fleet|
|170/3 Turbostar||DMU||100||160||4||2||Transferred to Chiltern Railways||2000||2016|
TransPennine Express services run over a large area of northern England and southern Scottish Lowlands. Many of the largest stations they serve are managed by other train operating companies or Network Rail.
Some stations from the former TransPennine Express franchise (First Keolis) were transferred to Northern. These include Arnside, Barrow-in-Furness, Birchwood, Burneside, Carnforth, Grange-over-Sands, Kendal, Staveley, Ulverston, Warrington Central and Windermere.
Siemens maintains the Class 185 and 350 fleets at Ardwick depot in Manchester with a smaller facility in York. Scottish stabling points for both stock include Corkerhill C.S.M.D. (Glasgow) and Craigentinny T.&R.S.M.D. (Edinburgh). Hitachi will maintain the AT300 fleet at Doncaster Carr and Craigentinny. The new EMUs and loco-hauled sets will be maintained by Alstom, on behalf of TransPennine Express, at Longsight (Manchester), Edge Hill (Liverpool) and Polmadie (Glasgow).
TransPennine Express have depots for its train crews at Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Airport (conductors), York, Newcastle, Scarborough, Hull, Cleethorpes, Sheffield, Preston, Liverpool and Glasgow Central.
- "Collections Online - Objects".
- "Northern Spirit is brand new name for Regional Railways North East" Rail issue 332 3 June 1998 page 7
- The Trans-Pennine Express rail franchise Archived 20 October 2004 at the Wayback Machine. Yorkshire & The Humber Transport Activist's Roundtable Briefing Note October 2001.
- "SRA Announce Preferred Bidder For TransPennine Express Franchise" (PDF) (Press release). Strategic Rail Authority. 28 July 2003. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 August 2009.
- New Cross Country Franchise Consultation Document Department for Transport June 2006
- Shortlist for Northern and TransPennine operators revealed Department for Transport 19 August 2014
- "FirstGroup awarded TransPennine Express franchise". Rail Technology Magazine. 9 December 2015. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
- "Arriva and First chosen for Northern and TransPennine franchises". International Railway Journal. 9 December 2015. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
- "FirstGroup plc welcomes award of TransPennine Express rail franchise". 9 December 2015. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- Stakeholder Briefing Document and Consultation Response Department for Transport 27 February 2015
- "New TransPennine Express franchise launches - First TransPennine Express". First TransPennine Express Trains. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
- Gullon, Nick (12 September 2019). "TransPennine Express route from Manchester Airport extended to Redcar". The Northern Echo. Retrieved 12 September 2019.
- "TfGMC - Item 05b TPE - New Franchise presentation". www.transportforgreatermanchestercommittee.gov.uk.
- Briginshaw, David (23 May 2016). "CAF to supply trains to TransPennine Express". International Rail Journal. Retrieved 16 February 2016.
- "Class 68 Specification". Rail Magazine. October 2014.
- New-build DRS Class 68s to operate TPE’s Mk 5 rakes - PressReader.com. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
- Clinnick, Richard (8 June 2016). "TPE orders new EMUs and carriages in £230m deal". Rail. Bauer Media (802): 8–9.
- "First view of TransPennine livery on a Class 68 loco". The Railway Magazine. The Railway Magazine. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
- Haigh, Philip. "Is it time for the railway to standardise on fewer types of trains, to cut costs?". PressReader.com. Rail Magazine. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
- "More new trains for the North and Scotland". First Transpennine Express. 20 May 2016.
- News (31 March 2016). "New bi-mode trains for TransPennine Express".
- Hitachi scoops 95-car TPE train deal Rail 1 April 2016
- http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/traction-rolling-stock/single-view/view/hitachi-awarded-transpennine-express-multiple-unit-contract.html Hitachi awarded Transpennine Express multiple unit contract
- DfT (22 December 2015). "TPE Franchise Agreement" (PDF). Retrieved 28 February 2019.
- "Safe and sound train stations". First Transpennine Express. October 2011.
- Hitachi awarded TransPennine Express multiple unit contract Railway Gazette International 31 March 2016