North Smithfield, Rhode Island
North Smithfield is a town in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States, settled as a farming community in 1666 and incorporated into its present form in 1871. North Smithfield includes the historic villages of Forestdale, Primrose, Waterford, Branch Village, Union Village, Park Square, and Slatersville. The population was 12,314 at the 2015 census.
North Smithfield, Rhode Island
Forestdale school house from the nineteenth century
|• Town Administrator||Gary Ezovski|
|• Town Council||Claire O’Hara|
|• Total||24.7 sq mi (64.1 km2)|
|• Land||24.0 sq mi (62.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.7 sq mi (1.8 km2)|
|Elevation||361 ft (110 m)|
|• Density||498.6/sq mi (192.1/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1219815|
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 24.7 square miles (64 km2), of which 24.0 square miles (62 km2) is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) (2.83%) is water. North Smithfield is in a New England upland region. The Branch River and Blackstone Rivers provided much of the power for the early mills in the town. The town consists mainly of temperate forests, with minor elevation changes. At 586 ft (179 m), Woonsocket Hill in North Smithfield is one of the highest points in Rhode Island. Residents can expect mild summers and harsh winters.
In the 17th century British colonists settled in North Smithfield developing a farming community that they named after Smithfield, London in England. The town was part of Smithfield, Rhode Island until it was incorporated as North Smithfield in 1871. The first colonization occurred after a Native American, "William Minnian" (also known as "Quashawannamut") a Praying Indian from Punkkupage Massachusetts Bay, on May 14, 1666 and again in 1669 with the permission of King Philip, deeded approximately 2,000 acres" to John Mowry and Edward Inman who partnered with Nathaniel Mowry, John Steere, and Thomas Walling in dividing up the purchased tract. During King Philip's War in 1676 Connecticut militia forces killed the last Narragansett sachem, Queen Quaiapen, and Stonewall John in Mattity Swamp in what is now North Smithfield in the Second Battle of Nipsachuck. In the early 18th century, a Quaker colony developed in what is now North Smithfield (then Smithfield), which extended into south Uxbridge, Massachusetts.
Today North Smithfield is part of the John H. Chaffee Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor. The Blackstone Valley is the oldest industrialized region in the U.S. A local North Smithfield industry today, Berroco Yarns, is a continuation of an original family owned woolen company first established in this valley by Daniel Day in 1809.
The village of Slatersville was largely built by Samuel Slater and his brother John Slater beginning in 1803. It is a well-preserved original New England mill village with worker housing and commercial buildings and a church on a village green. This village is in fact America's first planned industrial mill village. Samuel and John's family owned this mill and the village until the turn of the 20th century.
Union Village, along Rhode Island Route 146A achieved local prominence as an important stagecoach stop on the route along Great Road. Union Village was also home to a hat shop, taverns, an academy and the Union Bank from which the village got its name. The North Smithfield Public Library was founded in 1931 with the first branch in the Union Village school. In 1965 Fogarty Hospital was constructed in the town.
In the nineteenth and early twentieth-century, North Smithfield "was served by several trolley and railroad lines; now all are gone save one. A freight-only spur line of the Providence and Worcester Railroad extends from the main line in Woonsocket and terminates [in Slatersville] at the Providence Pike" where it "primarily serves a single customer, a steel supplier called Denman and Davis," a company in Slatersville which is now part of O’Neal Steel, Inc.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 10,618 people, 3,954 households, and 2,957 families residing in the town. The population density was 441.7 inhabitants per square mile (170.5/km2). There were 4,070 housing units at an average density of 169.3 per square mile (65.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.32% White, 0.42% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.08% from other races, and 0.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 0.47% of the population. 41% reported either French or French Canadian ancestry, 12% Irish, 12% Italian, and 8% English.
There were 3,954 households, out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.0% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.2% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the town, the population was spread out, with 22.4% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $58,602, and the median income for a family was $67,331. Males had a median income of $43,133 versus $30,748 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,031. About 1.9% of families and 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.
Historic places in North SmithfieldEdit
- Second Battle of Nipsachuck Battlefield, site of 1676 battle during King Philip's War
- Slatersville, America's first industrial mill village, established by John Slater and Samuel Slater in 1807
- Smithfield Friends Meeting House, Parsonage & Cemetery, 18th-19th-century Quaker community
- Peleg Arnold Tavern (1690)
- Blackstone Valley National Heritage Corridor
- Forestdale Mill Village Historic District
- Tyler Mowry House (1825)
- William Mowry House (1804)
- Smithfield Road Historic District
- Three Dog Site, RI-151
- Todd Farm (1740)
- Union Village Historic District
- Peleg Arnold, delegate to the Continental Congress (1787–1788); Chief Justice of the Rhode Island Supreme Court (1795-1812)
- Ella Maria Ballou, essayist, stenographer
- Emeline S. Burlingame, evangelist and suffragist
- Joe Connolly, outfielder for the Boston Braves (1913-1916)
- Arthur Denomme 1927-2018, Longest running Town Administrator, North Smithfield, 1973-1987
- Henry Hobbs, football player and coach
- Jeff Jillson, international hockey defensman
- Robert E. Lafleur, youngest elected official to the North Smithfield School Committee, at age 20 (1977-1999, 2004-2015); longest serving school board member in Rhode Island
- Tim McNamara, Boston Braves and New York Giants pitcher (1922-1926); died in North Smithfield
- Joseph O'Donnell Jr., Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island
- David Rawlings, musician; guitarist with wife Gillian Welch
- John Slater, industrialist, founder of Slatersville
- John Fox Slater, businessman, philanthropist, abolitionist, supporter of freed slaves
- R. E. Streeter, Christian writer; founder of the Pastoral Bible Institute in 1918
The North Smithfield School District consists of four active schools:
- North Smithfield High School, the only public high school in the town, was ranked 5th out of 51 public high schools in Rhode Island in 2016.
- North Smithfield Elementary School was built in 1989 and is now used for preschool-fourth grade.
- North Smithfield Middle School was built for the 2008–2009 school year and now holds grades 5–8.
- Dr. Harry L. Halliwell School was built in 1958, and used for grades 3–5. The school was decommissioned in the summer of 2019. Before it became a school, it was a sheep farm.
- The Kendall Dean School was built in 1936 but is no longer used as a school. It is currently being used as an administrative building for the town.
Houses of worshipEdit
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Nebiker, Walter (1976). the History of North Smithfield. Somersworth, NH: New England History Press.
- The Narragansett Historical Register, Volume 6 (1888), pg 73 https://books.google.com/books?id=yRa5TKab30IC
- The Providence Plantations for Two Hundred and Fifty Years: An Historical ...By Welcome Arnold Greene, pg 394
- "Samuel Slater/The Mill Village, Slatersville/Woonsocket". Woonsocket.org. Retrieved 2007-12-26.
- "Plan your visit/Valley sites/Cumberland, North Smithfield, Smithfield". National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-12-25.
- North Smithfield Comprehensive Plan Five-Year Update Revised August 2007 J - Circulation –March 2006 "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-08-01. Retrieved 2013-01-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Frank Heppner, Railroads of Rhode Island: Shaping the Ocean State's Railways (The History Press, 2012) pg. 81
- "121-Year-Old Metals Service Center Gets New Identity » O'Neal Industries". onealind.com. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- Snow, Edwin M. (1867). Report upon the Census of Rhode Island 1865. Providence, RI: Providence Press Company.
- "North Smithfield - North Smithfield - Ancestry & family history - ePodunk". www.epodunk.com. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.
- "RootsWeb.com Home Page". www.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- "Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University Deceased during the Year 1930-1931" (PDF). Bulletin of Yale University. December 1, 1931.
- Wilkinson, Alec (2004-09-20). "The Ghostly Ones". The New Yorker. p. 78. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
- /, PSK12.com. "Ranking of High Schools in Rhode Island". www.psk12.com. Archived from the original on 9 March 2015. Retrieved 9 April 2018.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
- "Lighthouse Christian Church - North Smithfield, RI". www.lfwc.org. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- Masjid Al-Islam mosque Archived 2011-09-17 at the Wayback Machine
- "Home". Slatersville Congregational Church-UCC. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- "ST. JOHN THE EVANGELIST, SLATERSVILLE RI". www.stjohnslatersville.4lpi.com. Archived from the original on 10 March 2012. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- Town of North Smithield official website
- North Smithfield travel guide from Wikivoyage
- The Church on the Green at Slatersville, long a Buxton Church
- Samuel Slater, Father of the American industrial revolution, Slatersville, the mill village/with photos