North Pyongan Province

North Pyongan Province (Phyŏnganbukto; Korean pronunciation: [pʰjʌŋ.an.buk̚.t͈o], also spelled North P'yŏngan), written before 1925 in English as Yeng Byen[2][3]) is a western province of North Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the northern half of the former P'yŏng'an Province, remained a province of Korea until 1945, then became a province of North Korea. Its capital is Sinŭiju. In 2002, Sinŭiju Special Administrative Region—near the city of Sinuiju—was established as a separately governed Special Administrative Region.[citation needed]

North Pyongan Province
평안북도
Korean transcription(s)
 • Chosŏn'gŭl
 • Hancha
 • McCune‑ReischauerP'yŏng'anbuk-to
 • Revised RomanizationPyeong-anbuk-do
Location of North Pyongan Province
Coordinates: 40°06′N 124°24′E / 40.1°N 124.4°E / 40.1; 124.4Coordinates: 40°06′N 124°24′E / 40.1°N 124.4°E / 40.1; 124.4
Country North Korea
RegionKwansŏ
CapitalSinŭiju
Subdivisions3 cities; 22 counties
Government
 • Party Committee ChairmanMun Kyong-dok (WPK)
 • People's Committee ChairmanJong Kyong-il[1]
Area
 • Total12,191 km2 (4,707 sq mi)
Population
 (2008)
 • Total2,728,662
 • Density220/km2 (580/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Pyongyang Time)
DialectP'yŏngan

GeographyEdit

The Yalu River forms the northern border with China's Liaoning province. The province is also bordered on the east by Chagang Province and on the south by South Pyong'an Province. The Sinŭiju Special Administrative Region is located in the western corner of the province, and was created as an administrative entity separate from North Pyongan in 2002. North Pyongan is bounded by water on the west with Korea Bay and the Yellow Sea.

Administrative divisionsEdit

North Pyongan is divided into 3 cities (si) and 22 counties (kun). Each entity is listed below in English, Chosŏn'gŭl, and Hanja.

Name Chosongul Hanja Population
(2008)[4]
Subdivisions
City
Chongju 정주시 定州市 189,742 14 dong, 18 ri
Kusong 구성시 龜城市 196,515 25 dong, 18 ri
Sinuiju (capital) 신의주시 新義州市 359,341 49 dong, 9 ri
County
Changsong County 창성군 昌城郡 26,577 1 up, 1 rodongjagu, 15 ri
Cholsan County 철산군 鐵山郡 85,525 1 up, 2 rodongjagu, 25 ri
Chonma County 천마군 天摩郡 50,462 1 up, 20 ri
Hyangsan County 향산군 香山郡 52,350 1 up, 20 ri
Kujang County 구장군 球場郡 139,337 1 up, 5 rodongjagu, 22 ri
Kwaksan County 곽산군 郭山郡 97,660 1 up, 19 ri
Nyongbyon County 녕변군 寧邊郡 113,852 1 up, 1 rodongjagu, 26 ri
Pakchon County 박천군 博川郡 98,128 1 up, 1 rodongjagu, 20 ri
Pihyon County 피현군 枇峴郡 110,637 1 up, 2 rodongjagu, 21 ri
Pyoktong County 벽동군 碧潼郡 35,601 1 up, 19 ri
Ryongchon County 룡천군 龍川郡 135,634 1 up, 3 rodongjagu, 19 ri
Sakju County 삭주군 朔州郡 159,707 1 up, 6 rodongjagu, 18 ri
Sindo County 신도군 薪島郡 11,810 1 up, 2 rodongjagu, 1 ri
Sonchon County 선천군 宣川郡 126,350 1 up, 24 ri
Taechon County 태천군 泰川郡 108,894 1 up, 1 rodongjagu, 21 ri
Taegwan County 대관군 大館郡 69,565 1 up, 22 ri
Tongchang County 동창군 東倉郡 28,665 1 up, 1 rodongjagu, 16 ri
Tongrim County 동림군 東林郡 104,614 1 up, 2 rodongjagu, 20 ri
Uiju County 의주군 義州郡 110,018 1 up, 2 rodongjagu, 17 ri
Unjon County 운전군 雲田郡 101,130 1 up, 25 ri
Unsan County 운산군 雲山郡 102,928 1 up, 1 rodongjagu, 27 ri
Yomju County 염주군 鹽州郡 113,620 1 up, 1 rodongjagu, 22 ri

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Organizational Chart of North Korean Leadership" (PDF). Seoul: Political and Military Analysis Division, Intelligence and Analysis Bureau; Ministry of Unification. January 2018. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Yeng-byen, North Pyongan Province, North Korea". www.mindat.org. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  3. ^ Minutes of the Korea Annual Conference. Seoul, South Korea: The Fukuin Printing Company. 1914. p. 27. External link in |title= (help)
  4. ^ "DPR Korea 2008 Population Census: National Report" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics. 2009. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 25 November 2020.