North Ossetian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic

The North Ossetian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Ossetian: Цӕгат Ирыстоны Автономон Советон Социалистон Республикӕ, romanized: Tsagât Ireštone Âvtonomon Šovêton Šotsiâlišton Rêšpublika; Russian: Северо-Осетинская Автономная Советская Социалистическая Республика) was an autonomous republic of the Russian SFSR within the Soviet Union.

North Ossetian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
Цӕгат Ирыстоны ACCP (Ossetian)
Северо-Осетинская АССР (Russian)
Autonomous republic of the Russian SFSR
5 December 1936–9 November 1993
Flag of North Ossetian ASSR
Flag
Coat of arms of North Ossetian ASSR
Coat of arms
CapitalVladikavkaz
DemonymNorth Ossetian
Ossetian
History
 • TypeSoviet republic
History 
• Established
5 December 1936
• Disestablished
9 November 1993
Preceded by
Succeeded by
North Ossetian Autonomous Oblast
North Ossetia–Alania
Today part ofRussia

HistoryEdit

It existed from 5 December 1936 until 9 November 1993 when it became the Republic of North Ossetia (since 1994 the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania), a federal subject of Russia.[1]

In 1990 the North Ossetian ASSR declared itself independent as part of rising ethnic conflict with Ingushetia.[2] Originally part of the Ingush territory was transferred to North Ossetia in 1944, bringing with it thousands of Ingush people, and with the dissolution of the Soviet Union conflicts began.[3][4]

During the summer and early autumn of 1992, there was a steady increase in the militancy of Ingush nationalists. At the same time, there was a steady increase in incidents of organized harassment, kidnapping and rape against Ingush inhabitants of North Ossetia by their Ossetian neighbors, police, security forces, and militia. This would eventually lead to the Ossetian–Ingush Conflict.[5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Северная Осетия: Этнополитические процессы, 1990-1994 гг.: Очерки. Документы. Хроника. Vol. 1. Центр по изучению межнациональных отношений Института этнологии и антропологии им. Н.Н. Миклухо-Маклая Российской академии наук. Под ред. Гостиева Л.К., Дзадзиев А.Б. 1995. p. 179.
  2. ^ Lynn-Jones, Sean M.; Motley, Karen (1997). Managing Conflict in the Former Soviet Union: Russian and American Perspectives. MIT Press. ISBN 978-0-262-51093-6.
  3. ^ Wixman (2017-07-28). Peoples of the USSR: An Ethnographic Handbook. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-315-47540-0.
  4. ^ Radio Liberty Research Bulletin. Indiana University: Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 1982.
  5. ^ Russia, the Ingush-Ossetian conflict in the Prigorodnyi region. Human Rights Watch/Helsinki. New York: Human Rights Watch. 1996. ISBN 1-56432-165-7. OCLC 38494937.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)

External linksEdit