Open main menu

North Killingholme Haven, view north from the Haven towards the Humber Sea Terminal (2008)

North Killingholme Haven is a water outlet on the south bank of the Humber Estuary in the civil parish of North Killingholme, to the northwest of the Port of Immingham.

The area was used at the beginning of the 20th century for clay extraction with a jetty transhipping clay to Hull; in 1912 construction of a jetty for the Admiralty was consented, for fuel oil shipment. During the First World War a large seaplane facility was operated, known as RNAS Killingholme.

In the 1990s a Simon Group established a Roll on-Roll off river terminal at the Haven, known as Humber Sea Terminal; the terminal was expanded to six berths through the 1990s and 2000s.

HistoryEdit

At the end of the 19th century North Killingholme Haven was used as a drainage point for networks of drainage canals in the fields in the North Killingholme area – the outfall of the waterway onto the Humber was sluiced. There was a single dwelling at the outfall – the New Inn.[1]

 
Former clay pits (2008)

Between 1909 and 1913 Earles Cement works in Wilmington was supplied with clay from pits at North Killingholme, shipped by barge.[2] Clay dug by hand, and transported by horse, later steam winch and then narrow gauge locomotive to a jetty at the mouth of Killingholme Haven.[3] The disused clay pits are since flooded and now form a saline lagoon habitat, with some scarce birds and invertebrates.[4][5]

Construction and extension of a pier at the haven was consented by the North Killingholme (Admiralty Pier) Act of 1912;[6][7] The Admiralty's jetty was to be 800 by 20 feet (243.8 by 6.1 m) long by wide with a T shaped head.[8] The jetty was receiving oil by the mid 1910s.[9] An act of 1931, the North Killingholme Admiralty Pier Act (1931) allowed the extension of the existing pier's head, replacing two sunken ships which had been used as dolphins at the head of the pier.[10][11][12] The station soon became an important refuelling point for the Royal Navy.[13] The oil storage site was served by the Killingholme Admiralty Platform station from 1930 to 1963.

Another act of 1912, the "North Killingholme Pier Act" sanctioned a commercial pier to be constructed by the Yorkshire Transport Company.[14][15] The company's jetty was to be west of the Admiralty's jetty, 981 by 27 feet (299.0 by 8.2 m), with a westward "L" arm, 600 by 46 feet (183 by 14 m) long by wide,[8] intended for shipment of coal from collieries accessible from the River Ouse.[16] (unbuilt)

Adjacent to the Admiralty oil depot an seaplane station was opened in August 1914. Originally called RNAS Immingham it was renamed as RNAS Killingholme. By late 1914 Facilities at the site included a 177 by 56 feet (54 by 17 m) hangar and four 68 by 77 feet (21 by 23 m) seaplane hangars, as well as a 700 by 60 feet (213 by 18 m) slipway for the seaplanes. Facilities were increased during the First World War, including larger hangars and further slipways- with staff levels reaching 900 operating over 100 airplanes, one of the main seaplane bases in the UK. The facility was disbanded after the end of the war- some of the hangars were used to construct a bus depot in Grimsby (Victoria Street).[17][18][19]

The riverside at and around North Killingholme Haven has been identified as a viable expansion point for further port facilities on the south bank of the Humber – a £80 million port was proposed in the 1980s but not proceeded with – a report by Coopers and Lybrand in the same period identified demand for both Roll-on/Roll-off and containerised handling facilities in the area.[20] Later in the 1990s Ro-Ro facilities were established by Simon Group (see § Humber Sea Terminal).

The haven is currently (2015) used by dredging contractors Humber Work Boats Ltd..[21]

Humber Sea Terminal (2000–present)Edit

 
Humber Sea Terminal from the east (2007)

In the late 1994 Simon Group gained a statutory instrument enabling it to construct a jetty at Killingholme North Haven.[22] The development was to be a deepwater roll-on/roll-off terminal aimed at container traffic from European ports such as Rotterdam. A tender in 1998 from Edmund Nuttall and consultants Posford Duvivier led to a contract in 1999. The works included a 143 metres (469 ft) two berth jetty supported on fifty 1,067 millimetres (42.0 in) tubular steel piles with a concrete deck; a cellular concrete pontoon 40 by 80 metres (130 by 260 ft) secured by two restraining dolphins consisting of outer and inner tubular steel piles of 1,700 and 1,067 millimetres (66.9 and 42.0 in) ring filled with concrete; and a 227 metres (745 ft) pier linking to land also on 1067mm piles, connected to the pontoon by a 80 by 10 metres (262 by 33 ft) bridge. Shoreside construction was contracted to Clark Construction.[23]

The two berth "Phase I" opened June 2000, with Stena Line sailing to Hook of Holland.[23]

The facility's capacity of 14 sailings per week was soon reached, and in 2002 the developer, Simon Group began planning for a "Phase Two", with two further berths. The initial plan was for a third Ro-Ro berth from the original pontoon, plus a fourth berth for Load-on/Load-off (Lo-Lo) use, connection to the original land pier by a new spur.[23][24] The "Phase Two" of the development was consented (2003); A £9.6 million contract for the third berth was awarded in 2003 to Edmund Nuttall, with the work including a new 240 metres (790 ft) jetty, as well as approach bridge and adjustable ramp.[25]

 
Container handling at the Humber Sea Terminal (2010)

The third berth was completed February 2004, consisting of a 240 by 13 metres (787 by 43 ft) concrete decked finger pier supported on tubular piles; the design gave a 17 metres (56 ft) water depth at high tide (8 metres (26 ft) tidal range), and allowed berthing of ships up to 35,000 gross tonnes and 200 metres (660 ft) long.[23]

The fourth berth was re-designed to be either a Lo-Lo or Ro-Ro berth, and was constructed as a Ro-Ro facility with Belgian shipper Cobelfret signing a twenty-year agreement. Nuttall was selected as contractor for the £8 million fourth berth contract, including the approach bridge spur; 80 by 9.8 metres (262 by 32 ft) linkspan; and additional 40 by 35 metres (131 by 115 ft) cellular steel pontoon. The approach spur was begun in May 2003.[23]

For phase 2 an additional £14.5 million was expended on onshore storage groundworks, covering 60 acres (24 ha).[23]

Kia Motors relocated its import activities to a 55 acres (22 ha) vehicle import centre served by the port c. 2005, in association with ABLE UK and the port operators.[26][27]

By late 2005 clients included Stena Line, Colbefret, UECC, Norfolkline, Ferryways and Eukor. Planning for a third phase of the terminal, initially estimated as costing £25 million for two further berths was underway in 2005.[28] A harbour revision order allowing a new jetty, pier and link bridge was enacted in 2006.[29]

As of 2012 the terminal was owned by C.RO nv as subsidiary C.RO Ports Killingholme Ltd.. The port had 6 ro-ro berths; 107 hectares (260 acres) of port land for development; with facilities include a Pre-Delivery Inspection centre for cars, and a rail connection.[30]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ordnance Survey, 1:2500. 1888
  2. ^ Moore, Dylan (2011), "Wilmington", www.cementkilns.co.uk, retrieved 23 August 2014
  3. ^ Plant, K.P. (December 1968), "Industrial Railways of Lincolnshire : 4. North Killingholme Clayfields", The Industrial Railway Record (22): 359–364
  4. ^ "Killingholme Haven Pits", www.lincstrust.org.uk, retrieved 5 August 2015
  5. ^ NORTH KILLINGHOLME HAVEN PITS, Natural England, retrieved 5 August 2015
  6. ^ "ADMIRALTY PIER OR JETTY IN RIVER HUMBER", The London Gazette (28552): 8602–8603, 21 November 1911
  7. ^ 2 & 3 Geo.V, Cap.166 1912.
  8. ^ a b "_", The Railway News, 96: 261, 1911
  9. ^ "Supplement to the Commerce Reports", Commerce Reports, Department of Commerce, 1, p. 51, 1916
  10. ^ "NORTH KILLINGHOLME. (ADMIRALTY PIER)", The London Gazette (33703): 2150, 31 March 1931
  11. ^ "NORTH KILLINGHOLME (ADMIRALTY PIER) BILL.", Hansard – House of Commons, 253, cc586-8, 5 June 1931
  12. ^ 21 & 22 Geo.V, Cap.64 1931.
  13. ^ "_", The Petroleum Gazette, 18–19: 43, 1913
  14. ^ "NORTH KILLINGHOLME PIER", The London Gazette (28554): 8976–8977, 28 November 1911
  15. ^ 2 & 3 Geo.V, Cap.150 1912.
  16. ^ "Engineering Proposals in Parliament 1912" (PDF), The Engineer, 113: 74, 19 January 1912
  17. ^ "Naval Air Station Killingholme", www.raf-lincolnshire.info, retrieved 5 August 2015
  18. ^ "Killingholme", www.forgottenairfields.com, 3 August 2012, retrieved 5 August 2015
  19. ^ "RNAS Killingholme, Lincolnshire", www.airfieldarchaeology.co.uk, 27 February 2012, retrieved 5 August 2015
  20. ^ Symes, David, ed. (1987), Humberside in the Eighties, University of Hull, p. 110
  21. ^ "Humber Work Boats", www.humberworkboats.co.uk, retrieved 5 August 2015
  22. ^ North Killingholme Haven Harbour Empowerment Order 1994.
  23. ^ a b c d e f "Simon Says Humber Sea Terminal", Maritime Journal, 1 June 2004, retrieved 5 August 2015
  24. ^ Mylius, Andrew (1 August 2004), "Ports and harbours – Ro-ro on the go", www.nce.co.uk, retrieved 5 August 2015
  25. ^ "Nuttall Wins Humber Sea Terminal Contract", Maritime Journal, 1 June 2003, retrieved 5 August 2015
  26. ^ "New Vehicle Import Centre for Killingholme", www.gbagroup.com, 18 April 2005, retrieved 5 August 2015
  27. ^ Carter, Melanie (13 April 2005), "New Import Centre For Kia On Humberside", www.carpages.co.uk, retrieved 5 August 2015
  28. ^ "First Car Carrier Arrives on Humber", Maritime Journal, 1 October 2005, retrieved 5 August 2015
  29. ^ Humber Sea Terminal (Phase III) Harbour Revision Order 2006.
  30. ^ C.RO Ports 2012.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit