North Brentwood, Maryland
North Brentwood is a town in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States. The population was 517 at the 2010 census. The municipality of North Brentwood is located north of Washington, D.C., and is surrounded by the communities of Brentwood, Hyattsville, and Cottage City, and the nearby Mount Rainier. The Town of North Brentwood was incorporated in 1924, and was the first African-American-majority municipality in Maryland.
North Brentwood, Maryland
Location of North Brentwood, Maryland
|Country||United States of America|
|Incorporated||June 12, 1924|
|• Total||0.11 sq mi (0.29 km2)|
|• Land||0.11 sq mi (0.29 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)|
|Elevation||10 ft (3 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||4,920.35/sq mi (1,901.77/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0597814|
The town is named after the Brentwood estate built in 1817 by Robert Brent in Northeast Washington, D.C. The town was originally settled by African-American veterans of the American Civil War, who purchased lots from their former commander, Capt. Wallace A. Bartlett, beginning in 1887.
The town was developed beginning in the 1890s around the Highland Station of the Washington Branch of the B & O Railroad and the Columbia and Maryland Railway. "Brentwood" was created by Wallace A. Bartlett, a Civil War veteran, former foreman for the Government Printing Office, Patent Office examiner, and inventor originally from Warsaw, New York. Captain Bartlett lived in Washington, D.C., until 1887, when he purchased 206 acres (0.83 km2) of farmland from Benjamin Holliday, which abutted the Highland subdivision. Bartlett built a farmhouse for his family on the land and, with two partners J. Lee Adams and Samuel J. Mills, formed the Holladay Land and Improvement Company.
In 1891, the Company platted a residential subdivision called "Holladay Company's Addition to Highland" on 80 acres (320,000 m2) of the Bartlett Farm. The lots were approximately 40 feet (12 m) by 100 feet (30 m) and were arranged around an irregular grid of streets. The lots in the northern part of the subdivision, which eventually would become North Brentwood, were smaller and were subject to flooding from a mill race. The first lots in the northern section were purchased in 1891 by Henry Randall, an African-American man from Anne Arundel County, who built a house on Holladay Avenue (now Rhode Island Avenue). In 1894, Randall's son, Peter Randall, constructed a house next to his father's. More family members moved into the community and built homes, and the area soon became known as Randallstown.
Other African-American families soon moved to the neighborhood, including the Plummer, Wallace, and Johnson families. They built two-story front-gable frame houses, as well as free-standing rowhouses. In 1898, the City and Suburban Railway was completed through Randallstown. By 1904 that name had been replaced by Brentwood. In the early 1900s, the development of Randallstown out-paced development in the southern areas also platted by Bartlett. A school and a church were built in 1904, and the Brentwood Colored Citizens Association was formed in 1907. The association helped acquire volunteers for a fire company, fire-fighting equipment, a community hall, and electric lights. After Bartlett's neighboring development was incorporated as the town of Brentwood in 1922, Jeremiah Hawkins pushed for the incorporation of North Brentwood.
In April 1924, Delegate Charles B. Ager sponsored a bill to incorporate North Brentwood. The bill proposed a mayor, three council members, and a treasurer, all popularly elected. The bill passed the House of Delegates. The bill was put up to a vote of the proposed town's residents on June 12, 1924, and it passed.
The town held its first election on July 7, 1924.
Republican Jeremiah Hawkins ran unopposed for the town's first mayor. Peter Randall and Frank Baden ran for Council member representing ward one. Horace Allen ran unopposed to represent ward two on the Council. Julius Wheeler and Joseph L. Gordan ran for Council member representing ward three. Mahlia Brown and John Gilmore ran for treasurer.
Hawkins, Randall, Allen, Wheeler, and Gilmore were all elected as the town's first elected government.
The town continued to grow after incorporation. In September 1924, the town's first school, a three-room schoolhouse, was built.
The following is a list of historic sites in North Brentwood identified by the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission. Much of the community is located within the North Brentwood Historic District; listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2003.
|Site name||Image||Location||M-NCPPC Inventory Number||Comment|
|1||African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church of Brentwood||4037 Webster Street||68-61-11|
|2||Mack Brown House||3907 Wallace Road||68-61-4|
|3||Foursquares on Webster Street||3914, 3916, and 3918 Webster Street||68-61-13|
|4||Jeremiah Hawkins House Site||4114 Webster Street||68-61-1||Demolished in 1991.|
|5||Wigginton-Brown-Bellows House||4005 Wallace Road||68-061-24||Demolished in 2009.|
|6||Edith Mason House||4501 41st Avenue||68-61-8|
|7||McKenzie-Bullock House Site||4538 41st Avenue||68-61-9||Demolished in 1992 following fire.|
|8||Nelson-Queen House Site||4505 Church Street||68-61-10||Demolished in 1993 to allow for expansion of Town Hall.|
|9||Henry Newton House||4502 Church Street||68-61-12|
|10||Robert Orr House||4528 40th Street||68-61-2|
|11||Owings Houses||4533, 4535, and 4537 41st Avenue||68-61-5|
|12||A.A. Randall House||4504 41st Avenue||68-61-7|
|13||Peter Randall House||4508 Rhode Island Avenue||68-61-37||Built in 1892, it is the oldest dwelling in North Brentwood.|
|14||Seaburn House||4529 41st Avenue||68-61-6|
|15||William H. Thomas House||3911 Wallace Road||68-61-3|
North Brentwood is located at (38.944111, -76.951650).
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 517 people, 167 households, and 123 families residing in the town. The population density was 5,170.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,996.1/km2). There were 183 housing units at an average density of 1,830.0 per square mile (706.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 13.3% White, 63.6% African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 16.2% from other races, and 4.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 34.0% of the population.
There were 167 households of which 39.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.3% were married couples living together, 26.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 9.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 26.3% were non-families. 21.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.10 and the average family size was 3.49.
The median age in the town was 36.4 years. 26.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.3% were from 25 to 44; 25.7% were from 45 to 64; and 12% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.7% male and 50.3% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 469 people, 158 households, and 112 families residing in the town. The population density was 4,450.8 people per square mile (1,646.2/km²). There were 181 housing units at an average density of 1,717.7 per square mile (635.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 6.40% White, 82.09% African American, 1.28% Native American, 1.28% Asian, 6.82% from other races, and 2.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.89% of the population.
There were 158 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.6% were married couples living together, 30.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.43.
In the town, the population was spread out with 28.8% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $37,188, and the median income for a family was $45,893. Males had a median income of $32,188 versus $26,000 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,547. About 12.6% of families and 14.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.7% of those under age 18 and 22.2% of those age 65 or over.
History of Town of North Brentwood Mayors & Terms
|1924 –1929, Jeremiah Hawkins
1929 –1931, George Lucas
1931 – 1933, William Allen
1933 – 1935, Julius Wheeler
1935 – 1937, John Gilmore
1937 – 1943, Sandy Baker, Sr.
1943 – 1963, William D. Bellows
1963 – 1965, Labarre Thornton
1965 – 1967, Raymond A. Hall
1967 – 1969, William D. Bellows
1969 – 1989, Raymond A. Hall
1989 – 1993, Sandy B. Johnson
1993 – 1995, Arthur J. Dock
1995 – 2007, Lillian K. Beverly
2007 – Present, Petrella A. Robinson
During the era of legally-required racial segregation of schools, black students from North Brentwood attended Lakeland High School in College Park in the period 1928-1950; Fairmont Heights High School, then near Fairmount Heights, replaced Lakeland High and served black students only from 1950 to 1964; around 1964 legally-required racial segregation of schools ended.
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- The Neighborhoods of Prince George's County. Upper Marlboro: Community Renewal Program, 1974.
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- "M'Quin Elected Edmonston Mayor: Defeats S.E. Smith: North Brentwood Elects Colored Man as Its First Mayor, Jeremiah Hawkins". The Washington Post. July 8, 1924. p. 8.
- "News From Suburbs of Capital: Hyattsville". The Washington Post. September 19, 1924. p. 2.
- M-NCPPC African-American Heritage Survey, October 1996: Properties Within or Closely Associated With Historic Communities (Prince George's County, Maryland), 1996[permanent dead link].
- "North Brentwood Historic District". Maryland Historical Trust. Retrieved 2008-10-29.
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- "NEIGHBORHOOD ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2017-2018." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on January 31, 2018.
- "NEIGHBORHOOD MIDDLE SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2017-2018." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on January 31, 2018.
- "NEIGHBORHOOD HIGH SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2017-2018." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on January 31, 2018.
- African-American Historic and Cultural Resources in Prince George’s County, Maryland. Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission, February 2012. p. 63 (document page 67). Retrieved on September 6, 2018.
- "Fairmont Heights High School History". Fairmont Heights High School. 2018-09-04. Archived from the original on 2005-10-04. Retrieved 2018-09-04.