The North-Western Provinces was an administrative region in British India. In 1836, The North-Western Provinces was established by merging all the administrative divisions of the Ceded and Conquered Provinces. In 1858, the nawab-ruled state of Oudh was annexed and merged with North-Western Provinces to form the renamed North-Western Provinces and Oudh. In 1902, this province was reorganized to form the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh  Allahabad served as its capital in 1858 when it also became the capital of India for a day.
India under Company rule (till 1858)
India under the British Raj (from 1858)
|Capital||Agra, Lucknow, Allahabad|
|•||1835||9,479 km2 (3,660 sq mi)|
|Density||474.7 /km2 (1,229.6 /sq mi)|
|Today part of||India|
The province included all divisions of the present-day state of Uttar Pradesh with the exception of the Lucknow Division and Faizabad Division of Awadh. Among other regions included at various times were: the Delhi Territory, from 1836 until 1858, when the latter became part of the Punjab Province of British India; Ajmer and Merwara, from 1832 and 1846, respectively, until 1871, when Ajmer-Merwara became a minor province of British India; and the Saugor and Nerbudda Territories from 1853 until 1861, when they were absorbed into the Central Provinces.
In 1856, after the annexation of Oudh State, the North Western Provinces became part of the larger province of North Western Provinces and Oudh. In 1902, the latter province was renamed the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh; in 1904, the region within the new United Provinces corresponding to the North Western Provinces was renamed the Agra Province.
- Administration of the North-Western Provinces and Oudh, April 1882 – November 1887, Allahabad: Government Press, North-Western Provinces and Oudh, 1887, retrieved 1 August 2011
- Bayly, C. A. (1988), Rulers, Townsmen and Bazaars: North Indian Society in the Age of British Expansion, 1770–1870, Cambridge University Press Archive, ISBN 978-0-521-31054-3, retrieved 1 August 2011
- Government of India. Legislative Dept (1892), The N.-W. provinces and Oudh code: consisting of the Bengal regulations and the local acts of the Governor General in council in force in the North-Western provinces and Oudh, the acts of the Lieutenant-Governor of the North-Western provinces and Oudh in council, the regulation made under 33 Vict., Cap. 3 for the Tarai, and lists of the enactments which have been scheduled in force in, or extended to, the scheduled districts of the North-Western provinces by notification under the scheduled districts act, 1874; with a chronological table and an index, Calcutta: Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, India, retrieved 1 August 2011
- Imperial Gazetteer of India vol. V (1908), Abāzai to Arcot ("Agra Province" pp. 71–72), Published under the authority of His Majesty's Secretary of State for India in Council, Oxford at the Clarendon Press. Pp. viii, 1 map, 437.
- Imperial Gazetteer of India vol. XXIV (1908), Travancore to Zīra ("United Provinces" pp. 132–276), Published under the authority of His Majesty's Secretary of State for India in Council, Oxford at the Clarendon Press. Pp. vi, 1 map, 437.