Sir Norman Everard Brookes (14 November 1877 – 28 September 1968) was an Australian tennis player. During his career he won three Grand Slam singles titles, Wimbledon in 1907 and 1914 and the Australasian Championships in 1911. Brookes was part of the Australasian Davis Cup team that won the title on six occasions. The Australian Open men's singles trophy, the Norman Brookes Challenge Cup, is named in his honour. After his active playing career Brookes became president of the Lawn Tennis Association of Australia.
|Full name||Norman Everard Brookes|
|Born||14 November 1877|
St Kilda, Victoria, Australia
|Died||28 September 1968 (aged 90)|
South Yarra, Victoria, Australia
|Height||1.80 m (5 ft 11 in)|
|Plays||Left-handed (one-handed backhand)|
|Int. Tennis HoF||1977 (member page)|
|Career record||225/52 (81.2%) |
|Career titles||19 |
|Highest ranking||No. 1 (1907, Tennis HOF)|
|Grand Slam Singles results|
|Australian Open||W (1911)|
|French Open||2R (1928)|
|Wimbledon||W (1907, 1914)|
|US Open||QF (1919)|
|Grand Slam Doubles results|
|Australian Open||W (1924)|
|Wimbledon||W (1907, 1914)|
|US Open||W (1919)|
|Davis Cup||W (1907, 1908, 1909, 1914, 1919)|
Brookes was born in the St Kilda suburb of Melbourne as the youngest son to Catherine Margaret (née Robinson) and William Brookes. His father, an English immigrant who emigrated to Australia in 1852 had become rich from gold mining in the Bendigo area. His older brothers, Herbert and Harold, were prominent businessmen. Brookes received a private education at Melbourne Grammar School where he matriculated in 1895. As a schoolboy he excelled in cricket, Australian football and tennis. On leaving school, he went to work as a clerk at Australian Paper Mills, where his father was managing director, and was on the board himself within eight years.
As a youth Brookes played regularly on the court of the family mansion in Queens Road, Melbourne and nearby, at the Lorne St courts, he studied the strokes and tactics of leading players and was coached by Wilberforce Eaves. In 1896 he became a regular player at the Royal South Yarra Tennis Club.
In 1907 Brookes became the first non-British player and the first left-hander to win the men's singles title at Wimbledon after a straight sets victory in the final against 39-year old Arthur Gore. Brookes intended to defend his Wimbledon title as late as February of 1908 but in April cancelled his plans to travel to England due to the ill health of his father (who died in 1910) which meant that Brookes had to spend more time at his father's company Australian Paper Mills. He gave priority to his business endeavors during this time and would not return to Wimbledon until 1914 when he again won the singles title, this time against the title holder Anthony Wilding with whom he also won the Wimbledon doubles title in 1907 and 1914. During these years he also skipped most Australasian Championships with the exception of the 1911 edition which was held in his hometown Melbourne and which he won in the final against Horace Rice. When he did play tennis he focused on the locally held Victorian Championships and the Davis Cup.
Brookes was instrumental in the development of Kooyong as a tennis centre. In 1926 he became the first president of the Lawn Tennis Association of Australia, a post he held for the next 29 years until his retirement in June 1955.
Australian rules football careerEdit
Brookes was also an Australian rules footballer in his youth, particularly for Melbourne Grammar School. Until 2016 it was believed that he had played two VFL games for St Kilda in 1898; it was actually his brother Harold who had done so.
He died in South Yarra, Victoria, in 1968.
Norman Brookes was knighted "in recognition of service to public service" in 1939. His wife, Mabel, Lady Brookes (CBE in 1933) became Dame Mabel Brookes (DBE) in 1955 for her work in charities and social causes.
The trophy for men's singles at the Australian Open, the Norman Brookes Challenge Cup, is named in his honour.
He was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1977.
Grand Slam finalsEdit
Singles: 5 (3 titles, 2 runners-up)Edit
|Loss||||1905||Wimbledon||Grass||Laurence Doherty||6–8, 2–6, 4–6|
|Win||||1907||Wimbledon||Grass||Arthur Gore||6–4, 6–2, 6–2|
|Win||||1911||Australasian Championships||Grass||Horace Rice||6–1, 6–2, 6–3|
|Win||||1914||Wimbledon||Grass||Anthony Wilding||6–4, 6–4, 7–5|
|Loss||||1919||Wimbledon||Grass||Gerald Patterson||3–6, 5–7, 2–6|
Doubles: 5 (4 titles, 1 runner-up)Edit
|Win||||1907||Wimbledon||Grass||Anthony Wilding|| Karl Behr
|6–4, 6–4, 6–2|
|Loss||||1911||Australasian Championships||Grass||John Addison|| Rodney Heath
|2–6, 5–7, 0–6|
|Win||||1914||Wimbledon||Grass||Anthony Wilding|| Herbert Roper Barrett
|6–1, 6–1, 5–7, 8–6|
|Win||||1919||U.S. National Championships||Grass||Gerald Patterson|| Vincent Richards
|8–6, 6–3, 4–6, 4–6, 6–2|
|Win||||1924||Australasian Championships||Grass||James Anderson|| Pat O'Hara Wood
|6–2, 6–4, 6–3|
- Norman Brookes at Australian Open Tennis. Quote: "Brookes was the first left-handed player ever to claim the coveted grass court title."
- "Norman Brookes career match record". thetennisbase.com. The Tennis Base. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
- Naughton (2011), p. 15
- Naughton (2011), p. 19
- Naughton (2011), p. 18
- W. H. Frederick. "Brookes, Sir Norman Everard (1877–1968)". Australian Dictionary of Biography.
- Naughton (2011), p. 17
- Naughton (2011), p. 20
- "Norman Brookes - Tennis - Athlete & Administration". Sport Australia Hall of Fame.
- "Weekly jottings". The Australasian. 25 April 1908. p. 24 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Surrey County Championships – Brookes Wins Singles". The Age. 25 May 1914. p. 12 – via Google News Archive.
- "Sir Norman's Good-bye to Big Tennis". The Sydney Morning Herald. 30 June 1955. p. 2 – via Google News Archive.
- "Our First Great Champion at Wimbledon". The Age. 14 October 1959. p. 13 – via Google News Archive.
- "Recent additions/changes/corrections". March 2016.
- "It's an Honour". Australian Government. Retrieved 28 February 2008.
- "Australian Open – Trophy Tour". Tennis Australia.
- "Caricature of Sir Norman Brookes, tennis player". Australian Stamp.
- "Wimbledon Rolls of Honour / Gentlemen's Singles". Wimbledon official tournament website. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
- "Australian Open Results Archive / Men's Singles". Australian Open official website. Archived from the original on 10 September 2015. Retrieved 11 October 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "Wimbledon Rolls of Honour / Gentlemen's Doubles". Wimbledon official tournament website. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
- "Australian Open Results Archive / Men's Doubles". Australian Open official website. Archived from the original on 21 September 2015. Retrieved 11 October 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "US Open Past Champions / Men's Doubles". US Open official website. Archived from the original on 25 October 2007. Retrieved 11 October 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter