Sir Norman Everard Brookes (14 November 1877 – 28 September 1968) was an Australian tennis player. During his career he won three Grand Slam singles titles, Wimbledon in 1907 and 1914 and the Australasian Championships in 1911. Brookes was part of the Australasian Davis Cup team that won the title on six occasions. The Australian Open men's singles trophy, the Norman Brookes Challenge Cup, is named in his honour. After his active playing career Brookes became president of the Lawn Tennis Association of Australia.
|Full name||Norman Everard Brookes|
|Born||14 November 1877|
St Kilda, Victoria, Australia
|Died||28 September 1968 (aged 90)|
South Yarra, Victoria, Australia
|Height||1.80 m (5 ft 11 in)|
|Plays||Left-handed (1-handed backhand)|
|Int. Tennis HoF||1977 (member page)|
|Career record||225/52 (81.2%) |
|Career titles||19 |
|Highest ranking||No. 1 (1907, Tennis Hall of Fame)|
|Grand Slam Singles results|
|Australian Open||W (1911)|
|French Open||2R (1928)|
|Wimbledon||W (1907, 1914)|
|US Open||QF (1919)|
|Grand Slam Doubles results|
|Australian Open||W (1924)|
|Wimbledon||W (1907, 1914)|
|US Open||W (1919)|
|Davis Cup||W (1907, 1908, 1909, 1914, 1919)|
Brookes was born in Melbourne to Catherine Margaret (née Robinson) and William Brookes. His older brothers, Herbert and Harold, were prominent businessmen. Their father, an English immigrant, had become rich from gold mining in the Bendigo area. Brookes received a private education at Melbourne Grammar School. On leaving school, he went to work as a clerk at Australian Paper Mills, where his father was managing director, and was on the board himself within eight years.
As a youth Brookes played regularly on the court of the family mansion in Queens Road, Melbourne and nearby, at the Lorne St courts, he studied the strokes and tactics of leading players and was coached by Wilberforce Eaves.
Brookes was the first non-British player and the first left-hander to win the men's singles title at Wimbledon. He won the title twice, first in 1907, defeating Arthur Gore in the final and again in 1914, this time winning the final against New Zealander Anthony Wilding. He also won the Wimbledon doubles title in each of those years partnering Wilding. He was a major figure in establishing the Australian Open (known as the Australasian Championship until 1927), which he won in 1911.
Brookes was instrumental in the development of Kooyong as a tennis centre. In 1926 he became the first president of the Lawn Tennis Association of Australia, a post he held for the next 29 years until his retirement in June 1955.
Australian rules football careerEdit
Brookes was also an Australian rules footballer in his youth, particularly for Melbourne Grammar School. Until 2016 it was believed that he had played two VFL games for St Kilda in 1898; it was actually his brother Harold who had done so.
Norman Brookes was knighted "in recognition of service to public service" in 1939. His wife, Mabel, Lady Brookes (CBE in 1933) became Dame Mabel Brookes (DBE) in 1955 for her work in charities and social causes.
The trophy for men's singles at the Australian Open, the Norman Brookes Challenge Cup, is named in his honour.
He was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1977.
Grand Slam finalsEdit
Singles: 5 (3 titles, 2 runners-up)Edit
|Loss||||1905||Wimbledon||Grass||Laurence Doherty||6–8, 2–6, 4–6|
|Win||||1907||Wimbledon||Grass||Arthur Gore||6–4, 6–2, 6–2|
|Win||||1911||Australasian Championships||Grass||Horace Rice||6–1, 6–2, 6–3|
|Win||||1914||Wimbledon||Grass||Anthony Wilding||6–4, 6–4, 7–5|
|Loss||||1919||Wimbledon||Grass||Gerald Patterson||3–6, 5–7, 2–6|
Doubles: 5 (4 titles, 1 runner-up)Edit
|Win||||1907||Wimbledon||Grass||Anthony Wilding|| Karl Behr
|6–4, 6–4, 6–2|
|Loss||||1911||Australasian Championships||Grass||John Addison|| Rodney Heath
|2–6, 5–7, 0–6|
|Win||||1914||Wimbledon||Grass||Anthony Wilding|| Herbert Roper Barrett
|6–1, 6–1, 5–7, 8–6|
|Win||||1919||U.S. National Championships||Grass||Gerald Patterson|| Vincent Richards
|8–6, 6–3, 4–6, 4–6, 6–2|
|Win||||1924||Australasian Championships||Grass||James Anderson|| Pat O'Hara Wood
|6–2, 6–4, 6–3|
- Norman Brookes at Australian Open Tennis. Quote: "Brookes was the first left-handed player ever to claim the coveted grass court title."
- "Norman Brookes career match record". thetennisbase.com. The Tennis Base. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
- W. H. Frederick. "Brookes, Sir Norman Everard (1877–1968)". Australian Dictionary of Biography.
- "Norman Brookes - Tennis - Athlete & Administration". Sport Australia Hall of Fame.
- "Surrey County Championships – Brookes Wins Singles". The Age. 25 May 1914. p. 12 – via Google News Archive.
- "Sir Norman's Good-bye to Big Tennis". The Sydney Morning Herald. 30 June 1955. p. 2 – via Google News Archive.
- "Our First Great Champion at Wimbledon". The Age. 14 October 1959. p. 13 – via Google News Archive.
- "Recent additions/changes/corrections". March 2016.
- "It's an Honour". Australian Government. Retrieved 28 February 2008.
- "Australian Open – Trophy Tour". Tennis Australia.
- "Caricature of Sir Norman Brookes, tennis player". Australian Stamp.
- "Wimbledon Rolls of Honour / Gentlemen's Singles". Wimbledon official tournament website. Retrieved 2015-10-11.
- "Australian Open Results Archive / Men's Singles". Australian Open official website. Archived from the original on 10 September 2015. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
- "Wimbledon Rolls of Honour / Gentlemen's Doubles". Wimbledon official tournament website. Retrieved 2015-10-11.
- "Australian Open Results Archive / Men's Doubles". Australian Open official website. Archived from the original on 21 September 2015. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
- "US Open Past Champions / Men's Doubles". US Open official website. Archived from the original on 25 October 2007. Retrieved 11 October 2015.