Nordic Chess Championship

The Nordic Chess Championship (Nordiska Schackkongressen) is a biennal chess tournament which determines the champion of the Nordic countries. The first edition took place in Stockholm in 1897.[1][2][3]

HistoryEdit

The winners in the Nordic Championship in 1934 and 1936, Aron Nimzowitsch and Erik Lundin, got the Nordiske kongresmestre title, as the champion of 1930, Erik Andersen, defended his title with 3–3 against Gideon Ståhlberg at Copenhagen 1934 and lost it by 2½–3½ against Erik Lundin at Copenhagen 1937.

Several of the Nordic Championship have been arranged as part of an open tournament, where the best placed player from a Nordic country becomes Nordic champion even if that person did not win the event. For example, the Nordic Champion of 2011, Jon Ludvig Hammer, finished fifth in the Reykjavik Open that doubled as the Nordic Championship since the four players who finished ahead of him were from Ukraine, the Netherlands, and Poland and were thus ineligible for the Nordic Champion title.

WinnersEdit

# Year City Nordic champion
1 1897 Stockholm   Sven Otto Svensson (Sweden)
2 1899 Copenhagen   Jørgen Møller (Denmark)
3 1901 Gothenburg   Jørgen Møller (Denmark)
4 1903 Kristiania   Johannes Giersing (Denmark)
5 1905 Stockholm   A. H. Pettersson (Sweden)
6 1907 Copenhagen   Paul Saladin Leonhardt (German Empire)
7 1909 Gothenburg   Milan Vidmar (Austria)
8 1912 Stockholm   Alexander Alekhine (Russian Empire)
9 1916 Copenhagen   Paul Johner (Switzerland)
10 1917 Kristiania   Gustaf Nyholm (Sweden)
11 1919 Gothenburg   Rudolf Spielmann (Austria)
  Anton Olson (Sweden)
12 1924 Copenhagen   Aron Nimzowitsch (Denmark)
13 1928 Oslo   Karl Berndtsson (Sweden)
14 1929 Gothenburg   Gideon Ståhlberg (Sweden)
15 1930 Stockholm   Erik Andersen (Denmark)
16 1934 Copenhagen   Aron Nimzowitsch (Denmark) *)
*) 1934 Copenhagen   Erik Andersen (Denmark)
17 1936 Helsinki   Erik Lundin (Sweden) *)
*) 1937 Copenhagen   Erik Lundin (Sweden)
18 1938 Örebro   Gideon Ståhlberg (Sweden)
19 1939 Oslo   Gideon Ståhlberg (Sweden)
  Erik Lundin (Sweden)
20 1946 Copenhagen   Osmo Kaila (Finland)
21 1947 Helsinki   Eero Böök (Finland)
22 1948 Örebro   Baldur Möller (Iceland)
23 1950 Reykjavík   Baldur Möller (Iceland)
24 1953 Esbjerg   Friðrik Ólafsson (Iceland)
25 1955 Oslo   Bent Larsen (Denmark)
26 1957 Helsinki   Olof Sterner (Sweden)
27 1959 Örebro   Svein Johannessen (Norway)
28 1961 Reykjavík   Ingi R. Johannsson (Iceland)
29 1963 Odense   Bjørn Brinck-Claussen (Denmark)
  Manne Joffe (Sweden)
30 1965 Oslo   Freysteinn Thorbergsson (Iceland)
31 1967 Hangö   Ragnar Hoen (Norway)
32 1969 Lidköping   Ole Jakobsen (Denmark)
33 1971 Reykjavík   Friðrik Ólafsson (Iceland)
34 1973 Grenå   Bent Larsen (Denmark)
35 1975 Sandefjord   Sejer Holm (Denmark)
36 1977 Kiljava   Lars-Erik Pettersson (Sweden)
37 1979 Sundsvall   Christer Niklasson (Sweden)
38 1981 Reykjavík   Knut Jøran Helmers (Norway)
39 1983 Esbjerg   Curt Hansen (Denmark)
40 1985 Gjøvik   Simen Agdestein (Norway)
41 1987 Tórshavn   Margeir Petursson (Iceland)
42 1989 Espoo   Simen Agdestein (Norway)
43 1992 Östersund   Simen Agdestein (Norway)
44 1995 Reykjavík   Curt Hansen (Denmark)
45 1997 Reykjavík   Jóhann Hjartarson (Iceland)
46 1999 Copenhagen   Tiger Hillarp Persson (Sweden)
47 2001 Bergen   Artur Kogan (Israel)
  Evgeny Agrest (Sweden)[4]
48 2003 Aarhus   Evgeny Agrest (Sweden)
  Curt Hansen (Denmark)[5]
49 2005 Vammala   Evgeny Agrest (Sweden)[6]
50 2007 Copenhagen   Emanuel Berg (Sweden)[7]
51 2009 Copenhagen   Peter Heine Nielsen (Denmark)[8]
52 2011 Reykjavík   Jon Ludvig Hammer (Norway)[9]
53 2013 Køge   Axel Smith (Sweden)[10]
54 2016 Sastamala   Erik Blomqvist (Sweden)
55 2017 Växjö   Jóhann Hjartarson (Iceland)
56 2019 Nivå   Frederik Bornemann Helge (Denmark)
57 2021 Copenhagen   Frederik Bornemann Helge (Denmark)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Stadgar" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-01-06.
  2. ^ Thorbjørn Rosenlund. "foraer". Dsu9604.dsu.dk. Archived from the original on 2012-02-07. Retrieved 2012-01-06.
  3. ^ "ShakkiNet – shakkipeli/historia2". Shakki.net. 2001-06-21. Retrieved 2012-01-06.
  4. ^ "Archive. Tournament report October 2001"
  5. ^ Nordisk Mesterskab 2003 Archived January 4, 2005, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Nordic Championship 2005[dead link]
  7. ^ Politiken Cup 2007 Archived 2016-01-20 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Dansk nordisk mester
  9. ^ Ingen norske har klart det på 19 år
  10. ^ Axel Smith lade beslag på NM-titeln